Andorra Country Report
Andorra is currently governed by a centre-right administration, which has proven largely stable. An early election would only be held if the ruling party saw an opportunity to strengthen its position rather than due to a government crisis. Until then, the government will continue with tax reforms, scale back the country’s reputation as a tax haven, and achieve closer integration with the EU (without full EU membership, however). The Andorran economy should benefit from Spain’s economic recovery. Andorra is gradually pushing through reforms to liberalise its heavily regulated operational environment, raising scope for industrial action in affected sectors. Corruption levels are generally low and the judiciary is independent, mitigating contract enforcement risks. Doingbusiness in Andorra is safe, with war and terrorism risks highly likely to remain low.
Andorra’s business framework is currently undergoing major changes, with businesses likely to be affected by liberalisation of the heavily regulated economy. Industrial militancy is unlikely: the labour movement remains underdeveloped, and to date there has been no high-profile industrial action. Corruption risks are defined by occasional examples of nepotism and favouritism. High-profile accusations of money laundering at one of Andorra’s five private banks, BPA, by the US Treasury in 2015 led to the bank being taken over by the government. In 2016, the US Treasury withdrew accusations against BPA, but the first trial against the bank and its former owners and managers began in January 2018.
There have been no incidents of terrorism in Andorra and due to the principality’s geographical position and lack of geopolitical significance, the risk is likely to remain low. Andorra nonetheless participates in international counter-terrorism initiatives and is a member of Interpol. Given the high volume of foreign visitors, any potential attack would be most likely to occur in places frequented by tourists, especially considering the recent change of mode of attacks in Western Europe that includes stabbings and attacks using vehicles. Andorra has enacted a robust legal framework for criminalising terrorist financing, according to the 2017 MONEYVAL report.
Andorra’s relations with France and Spain are very good, and there is no significant external threat to its security. Andorra is one of the few countries in the world which has no army. Treaties with Spain and France give the two countries the responsibility to defend Andorra’s territory and sovereignty. War risks are highly likely to remain low as a result of Andorra’s geographical position. Andorra has a civil defence organisation made up of heads of households, called sometent, which was last mobilised in 1986. Its only security forces are the police, prison officers, traffic police, and forestry officials.
It is unlikely that Andorra’s political system will be violently contested. There are no significant tensions between the nationalities in Andorra, although there is considerable resistance among Andorrans to an easing of stringent citizenship rules. Catalan and French unions are supporting the campaign by the Andorran union Unió Sindical d’Andorra (USdA) for greater labour and union rights, but protests are very unlikely to lead to work stoppages or to turn violent. Indeed, there has not been any major, disruptive industrial action to date.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
No vaccinations are required to enter the country.
Hepatitis B : a vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio : a booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Tick-Borne Encephalitis : for stays in rural zones and for hiking enthusiasts (for children over the age of one).
For Children : all standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Andorra experiences sunny days all year long although snowstorms are frequent in winter months. Summers are mild. Spring and autumn are the most pleasant periods to visit the country. Temperatures can vary by 4-5°C depending on elevation.
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz