Andorra Country Report
Andorra is governed by a centre-right administration. An early election is unlikely before the current government’s term expires in 2019. Until then and after the parliamentary elections, the government will continue with tax reforms, scale back the country’s reputation as a tax haven, and achieve closer integration with the EU (without full EU membership, however). The Andorran economy should benefit from Spain’s economic recovery. Reformist attempts to liberalise Andorra’s heavily regulated operational environment raise the scope for industrial action in affected sectors. The first widespread strike in 85 years occurred in March 2018 against public sector reforms. Corruption levels are generally low and the judiciary is independent, mitigating contractenforcement risks. War and terrorism risks are highly likely to remain low.
Andorra’s business framework is currently undergoing major, yet gradual, changes, with businesses likely to be affected by liberalisation of the heavily regulated economy. Industrial militancy is extremely rare: the first widespread industrial action in 85 years against public-sector reforms took place in March 2018. Corruption risks are defined by occasional examples of nepotism and favouritism; the most recent allegations involved government-awarded contracts. High-profile accusations of money laundering at BPA bank by the US Treasury in 2015 led to the bank being taken over by the government. The first trial against the bank’s former owners and managers began in January 2018.
There have been no incidents of terrorism in Andorra and due to the principality’s geographical position and lack of geopolitical significance, the risk is likely to remain low. Andorra nonetheless participates in international counter-terrorism initiatives and is a member of Interpol. Given the high volume of foreign visitors, any potential attack would most likely occur in places frequented by tourists, especially considering the change of mode of attacks in Western Europe that included stabbings and attacks using vehicles. Andorra has enacted a robust legal framework for criminalising terrorist financing, according to the MONEYVAL report.
Andorra’s relations with France and Spain are very good, and there is no significant external threat to its security. Andorra is one of the few countries in the world which has no army. Treaties with Spain and France give the two countries the responsibility to defend Andorra’s territory and sovereignty. War risks are highly likely to remain low as a result of Andorra’s geographical position. Andorra has a civil defence organisation made up of heads of households, called sometent, which was last mobilised in 1986. Its only security forces are the police, prison officers, traffic police, and forestry officials.
It is unlikely that Andorra’s political system will be violently contested. There are no significant contentious issues between the nationalities in Andorra. Catalan and French unions are supporting the campaign by the Andorran union Unió Sindical d'Andorra (USdA) for greater labour and union rights, but protests are very unlikely to lead to long-lasting work stoppages or to turn violent. Indeed, March 2018 marked Andorra’s first large-scale industrial action since 1933 affecting the public sector. Catalan separatist activists would be occasionally likely to stage pro-independence rallies or marches, as was the case in September 2018.
Vaccines Required to Enter the Country
No vaccinations are required to enter the country.
Vaccines Recommended for All Travelers
Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).
Vaccines Recommended for Some Travelers
Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.
Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.
Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).
Andorra experiences sunny days all year long although snowstorms are frequent in winter months. Summers are mild. Spring and autumn are the most pleasant periods to visit the country. Temperatures can vary by 4-5°C depending on elevation.
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz