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Country Reports

Andorra Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

Andorra is governed by a centre-right administration that was formed in May 2019. Prime Minister Xavier Espot leads a coalition of three centrist and centre-right parties Whilst there are differences between them on social policy, they are all broadly economically liberal but with variations in their approach towards relations with the EU. Government stability is unlikely to be threatened by this during 2020. Owing to the economic impact of the COVID-19 virus, IHS Markit forecasts GDP growth of -7.7% for 2020, and 5.4% for 2021, with consumer price inflation for 2020 projected to be 1.9%.Reformist attempts to liberalise Andorra’s heavily regulated operational environment raise the scope for industrial action, but there have been no major strikes since March 2018, which was the first since 1933. Corruption levels are generally low and the judiciary is independent, mitigating contract enforcement risks.
Last update: July 17, 2020

Operational Outlook

Andorra’s business framework is undergoing sustained changes to liberalise its heavily regulated economy. Industrial militancy is extremely rare: the first widespread industrial action in 85 years against public-sector reforms took place in March 2018. Corruption risks are defined by occasional examples of nepotism and favouritism; the most recent allegations involved government-awarded contracts in the gaming industry. High-profile accusations of money laundering at BPA by the US Treasury in 2015 led to the bank being taken over by the government. The first trial against the bank’s former owners and managers began in January 2018 and legal issues related to that remain ongoing.

Last update: June 17, 2020

Terrorism

Low

There have been no incidents of terrorism in Andorra and due to the principality’s geographical position and lack of geopolitical significance, the risk is likely to remain low. Andorra nonetheless participates in international counter-terrorism initiatives and is a member of Interpol. Given the high volume of foreign visitors that usually travel to Andorra, any potential attack would most likely occur in places frequented by tourists, and would probably involve stabbings and attacks using vehicles. Andorra has a broadly robust legal framework for combatting terrorist financing via its economy, according to the Council of Europe's December 2019 MONEYVAL report.

Last update: June 17, 2020

Crime

Crime is not a major concern in Andorra. The major crime threats are tax evasion, fraud, corruption, money laundering, drug trafficking, and tobacco smuggling. That said, visitors are likely to face potential pickpocketing and other minor crimes in the capital, Andorra la Vella. The principality has a tiny police service, known as the Police Corps of Andorra, with about 50 officers, although it is assisted in alternate years by French and Spanish police. No significant cases of extortion have been reported in recent years. Despite the considerable number of wealthy citizens in the country, serious violent crime does not represent a major problem.

Last update: June 17, 2020

War Risks

War risks are highly likely to remain very low due to Andorra’s geographical position, and close relations with France and Spain. Andorra is one of the few countries in the world which has no army, and treaties with Spain and France give the two countries the responsibility to defend Andorra’s territory and sovereignty. Andorra has a civil defence organisation made up of heads of households, called sometent, which was last mobilised in 1986. Its only security forces are the police, prison officers, traffic police, and forestry officials.

Last update: June 17, 2020

Social Stability

Low

It is unlikely that Andorra’s political system will be violently contested. There are no significant contentious issues between the nationalities in Andorra. Catalan and French unions are supporting the campaign by the Andorran union Unió Sindical d'Andorra (USdA) for greater labour and union rights, but protests are very unlikely to lead to long-lasting work stoppages or to turn violent. Indeed, March 2018 marked Andorra’s first large-scale industrial action since 1933 affecting the public sector. Pro-independence rallies or marches by Catalan separatist activists, as occurred in September 2018 and early 2019, carry a low risk of violence and disorder.

Last update: June 17, 2020

Health Risk

Low

Vaccines Required to Enter the Country

No vaccinations are required to enter the country.

Vaccines Recommended for All Travelers

Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).

Vaccines Recommended for Some Travelers

Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.

Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.

Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information

Climate

Andorra experiences sunny days all year long although snowstorms are frequent in winter months. Summers are mild. Spring and autumn are the most pleasant periods to visit the country. Temperatures can vary by 4-5°C depending on elevation.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +376
Police: 110

Electricity

Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: April 5, 2019