Angola Country Report
Falling oil revenues raise non-payment, and currency risks. President João Lourenço took over on 26 September 2017 from long-standing leader Jose Eduardo Dos Santos. The government is likely to focus on diversifying from oil by investing in Agriculture and related infrastructure. Policy changes propelled by likely negotiations with the IMF will seek to increase transparency and reduce corruption; however, politically connected companies close to the ruling MPLA will continue being favoured. Major protests in major cities are unlikely in the six-month outline as the new government still enjoys goodwill. However should the cost of living continue to grow, protests pitting demonstrators against security forces will resume. An insurgency in northeastern Cabinda province posesa moderate, very localised residual risk of attack and kidnap to oil workers .
The business environment continues to be marred by weak infrastructure, and high associated costs. The government has invested heavily in infrastructure, although these investments have declined in recent years owing to lower oil revenues. A 2015 USD18 billion plan to overhaul the power grid is unlikely to be fully implemented. The power sector will remain weak in the one-year outlook keeping operating costs in Angola relatively high. Despite anti-corruption legislation, bribery will remain pervasive owing to the lack of governmental commitment to fight it.
The risk of terrorism from the separatist Frente para a Libertação do Enclave de Cabinda (FLEC) group is elevated in parts of the Cabinda enclave and poses a moderate risk of targeted sabotage to oil and gas operations, which are mostly offshore. Onshore operational bases are protected by private and government security forces. Army patrols are, however, at a high risk of attacks from separatists. Mining operations are at a moderate risk of attack from illegal miners and are exposed to extortion rackets that operate alongside the military, especially in the Cabinda and Lunda provinces.
A renewed outbreak of full-blown civil war is very unlikely despite a moderate risk of violence between security forces and opposition supporters and youth groups during anti-government demonstrations. The insurgency in Cabinda is experiencing a resurgence and poses a moderate risk of death and injury to military personnel, especially in the northeast of the exclave, but with little impact on oil operations. Angola's expenditure on military equipment purchases is likely to fall, in response to dwindling oil revenue, affecting the army's ability to deploy.
The rising cost of living and discontent about corruption remain the main drivers of discontent and are likely to fuel protests should the economy not improve. Anti-government demonstrations by disgruntled youths and opposition supporters who face heavy-handed security forces are becoming more frequent. The government's use of the legal system to prosecute activists, should it continue, such as 17 activists sentenced in March 2016 for plotting against the government, is likely to intensify protests in urban centres, causing disruption of up to a week with protesters armed with stones battling with police.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required if traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and over nine months of age.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).
Meningococcal Meningitis: For prolonged stays, or in case your travels will put you in close contact with a local population affected by an epidemic of the disease (for children over the age of two years).
Malaria: Recommended preventive medication - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam) or doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Angola is located in a tropical zone and is divided into large three sub-zones. The northwestern region (from the Cabinda enclave to Ambriz to Luanda to Malanje) has a humid tropical climate, as does the east of the country. The central and southern plateau regions have a more temperate and drier climate; the average temperature in the city of Huambo (previously Nova Lisboa), located at an elevation of 1,701 m, is 19°C and can fall to zero in the winter. Finally, the south of the country is arid or semi-arid, between the plateau and the Namibian border, beginning from Namibe province.
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