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Country Reports

Anguilla Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-virus outbreak will have significant political and economic effects for Anguilla. The opposition Anguilla Progressive Movement (APM) won general elections in June 2020, with Premier Dr Ellis Webster’s new government winning a clear parliamentary majority likely to result in government stability in the 12-month outlook. Travel restrictions implemented in response to the COVID-19 virus remain in place.Once the immediate health crisis recedes, Brexit-related issues are likely to resurge as a key government focus. Specific concerns include the status of current EU development funding for Anguilla and potential post-Brexit changes to freedom of movement for locals to neighbouring EU territories, notably to St Maarten, with potential impact on locals and tourism flows. Anguilla is under pressure from UK and EU authorities to improve financial transparency in its financial services sector. The EU considers Anguilla to have taken some steps towards addressing the requirements noted by the EU listing process, although individual member states such as France have placed the territory on their blacklists. Local authorities are likely to implement further transparency reforms over the 12-month outlook to avoid EU blacklisting. Anguilla is moving forward with UK supported plans to modernise and expand the port. This will facilitate tourism flows, as would the initiation of direct flights between Anguilla and the United States, previously planned to begin during 2020, but likely to be affected by COVID-19 consequences.
Last update: September 22, 2020

Operational Outlook

With a reasonable road network and good access to major airports, ongoing investment in upgrading port facilities, and a modern telecommunications system, infrastructure in Anguilla is relatively good by regional standards. Infrastructure – including roads and ports – destroyed by Hurricane Irma in September 2017 has largely been rebuilt using UK funding. The island's offshore financial sector will have to adopt a public ownership register by 2023 or have it imposed by the UK government. However, corruption is not a major concern on Anguilla. Disruptive strike action is uncommon in Anguilla. Restrictions on entry to Anguilla due to the COVID-19 virus are due to remain in place until at least 30 July.

Last update: July 16, 2020

Terrorism

The terrorism risk is low. There are no known domestic or foreign terrorist groups that would target Anguilla.

Last update: July 17, 2020

Crime

According to the Royal Antilles Police Force, overall crime levels have fallen year on year since 2015. In February 2020, the police said total crimes had fallen by 26% from 779 in 2018 to 579 in 2019. Private-sector firms are encouraged to protect against robberies by using burglar-alarms, employing security officers, or contracting one of the island's handful of security companies. The police force is small but receives some support in training and equipment from the UK. Some foreign nationals have been among the victims of violent attacks in recent years, including sexual assault.

Last update: July 17, 2020

War Risks

The war risk is low. Anguilla is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom and would benefit from its protection if threatened by another state.

Last update: July 17, 2020

Social Stability

Strike action in Anguilla is uncommon by regional standards. Demonstrations are infrequent, peaceful and generally have a small number of participants, meaning they present little risk of violence or property damage. The most major recent incidents occurred in March 2015 when local ferry operators held a strike over fare controls, and in mid-2016 when the government faced protest marches over banking regulation and transparency.

Last update: July 17, 2020