Austria Country Report
Following an early election in October 2017, Austria is governed by a new coalition between Chancellor Sebastian Kurz’s centre-right Austrian People’s Party (ÖVP) and the right-wing, anti-immigration Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ). This alliance means a move further to the political right which is likely to make collaboration with the European Union and governments in partner countries such as France and Germany more difficult, despite Kurz's pledge to follow a pro-EU course. In addition, it is likely that the government will focus on deregulation and efforts to introduce a higher degree of flexibility into Austrian labour markets. There is an elevated risk of terrorist attacks by lone actors or small cells sympathising with non-state armed groups such as theIslamic State.
Despite the new government coming under political scrutiny as the conservative ÖVP has entered a coalition with the right-wing FPÖ, Austria's operational environment is likely to remain stable and attractive for domestic and international competitors. Further structural reforms to reduce red tape for businesses have been set out by the new government. Overall, Austria has one of Europe's lowest unemployment rates and industrial action is rare. The country maintains strong trade links with its neighbours in the EU and the Western Balkans. Communication networks and infrastructure are of a high standard, with extensions planned in the aviation sector in particular.
The risk of jihadist terrorist attacks in Austria is lower than in many other European countries, including neighbouring Germany. However, there is a moderate to elevated risk of both low-capability and more sophisticated terrorist attacks launched by lone actors or small cells. Moreover, the collapse of the Islamic State governance project in Iraq and Syria means that a number of foreign fighters are likely to enter Europe, heightening the risk of attacks. Soft targets such as transport hubs, music and sport venues, shopping centres, or public spaces near tourist attractions or in city centres are likely to be most at risk.
Austria is an internally stable country and overall civil unrest risks are lower than in several other European countries, including France and Germany. However, there is currently an elevated risk of protests against the right-wing FPÖ's participation in the coalition government. Moreover, anti-EU, anti-Islam, and anti-refugee protests, as well as counter-demonstrations, remain likely. There are sporadic far-left and anarchist protests and attacks on property. However, rallies are mostly peaceful, with possible violent outbreaks only likely at the fringes of such events.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
No vaccinations are required to enter the country.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Tick-Borne Encephalitis: For stays in rural zones and for hiking enthusiasts (for children over the age of one).
Austria has highway and road infrastructure meeting the western European standard and public transportation is well equipped and easily accessible. Mountain roads are well tended, but winter weather can see snow blocking some areas. Snow tires and other equipment is recommended for driving in mountainous areas.
Austria's climate is continental in the north and the east of the country, with heavy rain in the summer. Temperatures fluctuate significantly between seasons and snowstorms are common in winter months in the west of the country (mountainous region).
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz