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Country Reports

Austria Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

The result of Austria's recent early general election was a major victory for the centre-right ÖVP led by Sebastian Kurz, whose coalition government with the right-wing FPÖ collapsed in May amid the ‘Ibizagate’ corruption case. Negotiations to form a new coalition government are likely to take 3–6 months. Government formation is likely to be challenging as Kurz is unlikely to renew either the alliance with the FPÖ or form a grand coalition with the centre-left SPÖ. This leaves him currently with the option of entering a coalition with the Greens. There are considerable hurdles for this configuration, which would need high-risk compromises by both parties, but key inter-party differences seem bridgeable.The Austrian economy maintained stronger growth momentum than most of its European peers (including key trading partner Germany) during 2018, but the annualised pace halved from almost 3% in 2017 to roughly 1.5% in late 2018. External factors such as rising global trade protectionism and Brexit-related concerns played a critical role in this, but weakening government consumption and fixed investment also contributed after mid-2018.By late 2018, the relatively restrictive fiscal policy stance and the tax revenue boost from strong economic growth during 2016–18 had broadly erased the public-sector deficit for the first time in more than 40 years. This gives the government leeway to provide fiscal stimulus if economic demand wanes further, and this is more likely if Austria faces an unexpected recession.Austria faces a moderate risk of terrorist attacks primarily affecting major urban centres, in particular Vienna. The most likely form of attack is one of low capability, for instance using a vehicle or rudimentary weapons such as knives, carried out by a lone actor or small cells inspired but not necessarily directed by militant non-state groups such as the Islamic State.
Last update: November 5, 2019

Operational Outlook

Following recent elections, Austria's operational environment is likely to remain stable and attractive for domestic and international competitors during the new administrative term. Further structural reforms to reduce administrative burdens for businesses are likely to be introduced. Overall, Austria has one of Europe's lowest unemployment rates and industrial action is rare. The country maintains strong trade links with its neighbours in the EU and the Western Balkans. Communication networks and infrastructure are of a high standard, with extensions planned in the aviation sector in particular.

Last update: October 26, 2019

Terrorism

Elevated

The risk of jihadist terrorist attacks in Austria is lower than in many other Western European countries, including neighbouring Germany. However, there is a moderate risk of both low-capability and more sophisticated terrorist attacks launched by lone actors or small cells. Moreover, the collapse of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria means that a number of foreign fighters are likely to enter Europe, heightening the risk of attacks. Soft targets such as transport hubs, music and sport venues, shopping centres, or public spaces near tourist attractions or in city centres are likely to be most at risk.

Last update: October 1, 2019

Crime

Overall crime levels are likely to remain low. Systematic, large-scale violent and armed crime is particularly rare. Petty crime affects Vienna and other tourist centres, but is nevertheless limited. Drug-related crime has been targeted by increased surveillance of dealer locations in Vienna, where drug trafficking has gone up notably in recent years. Racially motivated attacks occur periodically and remain a risk following increased migration to Austria in recent years. Organised crime groups are mostly multinational and mainly focus on trafficking people, arms, vehicles, and drugs.

Last update: November 28, 2019

Social Stability

Elevated

Austria is an internally stable country and overall civil unrest risks are lower than in several other European countries, including France and Germany. However, there is currently an elevated risk of protests against the right-wing FPÖ and against labour-market reforms. Moreover, anti-EU, anti-Islam, and anti-refugee protests, as well as counter-demonstrations, remain moderately likely. There are sporadic far-left and anarchist protests and attacks on property. However, rallies are mostly peaceful, with possible violent outbreaks only likely at the fringes of such events.

Last update: October 1, 2019

Health Risk

Low

Vaccines Required to Enter the Country

No vaccinations are required to enter the country.

Vaccines Recommended for All Travelers

Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).

Vaccines Recommended for Some Travelers

Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.

Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.

Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).

Last update: April 5, 2019

Natural Risks

Very high
Last update: April 5, 2019

Transportation

Moderate

Austria has highway and road infrastructure meeting the western European standard and public transportation is well equipped and easily accessible. Mountain roads are well tended, but winter weather can see snow blocking some areas. Snow tires and other equipment is recommended for driving in mountainous areas.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information

Climate

Austria's climate is continental in the north and the east of the country, with heavy rain in the summer. Temperatures fluctuate significantly between seasons and snowstorms are common in winter months in the west of the country (mountainous region).

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +43
Emergency Services: 112
Police: 133
Fire Department: 122
Ambulance: 144

Electricity

Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: December 6, 2019