Botswana Country Report
Botswana has a long record of sustained stability and is yet to experience a change in governing party since independence in 1966. The Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) has won all elections, most recently in October 2014, winning 33 of 57 parliamentary seats although its share of the vote has fallen to 46.5%. This includes in urban areas where the opposition Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC), which broadened its coalition in February 2017, made gains at the last polls. Botswana still relies heavily on diamond exports, rendering it vulnerable to exogenous shocks. The policy and regulatory framework for the diamond-mining sector is unlikely to change significantly in the government's current term. Efforts have been made to incorporate local beneficiation measures, while economicdiversification remains among the country's priorities.
Botswana's operational environment is considered to be among the best in Africa. Bureaucratic issues, skills shortages, and electricity and water constraints are among operational challenges. Overall, Botswana ranks 71 out of 190 countries in the World Bank's 2017 Doing Business report; however, it stands, for example, at 153 for starting a business. Botswana has spent much of its diamond wealth on upgrading infrastructure. Corruption is not considered a significant problem, with Botswana often being among the best in the region in surveys and indices measuring graft.
There are no active domestic non-state armed groups in Botswana. There was a rare, minor scare in March 2010 when a grenade was found and safely detonated outside the president's office while he was away on a state visit abroad. The overall risk of terrorism and insurgency within Botswana is low.
Botswana had a number of historical territorial disputes with Namibia, which were settled via mediation, while relations with Zimbabwe have become more strained amid that country's political and economic instability. However, Botswana faces no security threats that would lead to war with its neighbours.
Besides increasing crime rates, Botswana is not exposed to significant internal security threats. Political violence and civil unrest are rare. The traditional hunter-gatherer San people have been involved in court battles with the government over issues such as their eviction from ancestral land (which they won in 2006), but an uprising against the state is unlikely.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers over one year of age arriving from or having passed through countries with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and for travelers who have been in transit in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).
Malaria: Recommended preventive medication - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam) or doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin).
For Children : all standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
The climate in Botswana is relatively temperate. The summer - from October until April - is very hot and rainy. From May until September the weather is drier and cooler, with an average temperature of 25°C. Early mornings and late evenings can be cold and icy during winter months.
Voltage: 231 V ~ 50 Hz