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Country Reports

Cambodia Country Report

Overview

INTRODUCTION

Travelers to Cambodia (population 15 million), located in Southeast Asia between Myanmar (west) and Vietnam (east), will find a politically stable but economically poor (annual per capita income: 720 euros) nation.

POLITICS

Contested legislative elections - denounced by both the political opposition and external observers for probable irregularities - were held on July 28, 2013. Sam Rainsy's Cambodian People's Party (COO), the main opposition party, contested the results until late 2014, claiming victory for itself. This situation led to a number of anti-government protests in the streets of the capital Phnom Penh.

Legislative elections will be held in July 2018.

Additionally, the movement launched by textile workers to demand an increase in the national minimum wage, one of the lowest in Asia, fueled sociopolitical tensions within the country, as evidenced by the actions of civil society and non-governmental organizations, notably in the streets of the capital.

Decades-long tensions between Cambodia and Thailand, both intrinsically nationalist countries, have resurged around a small contested frontier region (less than 5 sqm [54 sqft]) located near the 11th century Preah Vihear temple. Violent clashes between Cambodian and Thai military forces occurred in 2011.

SECURITY

Incidents of petty crime sometimes occur (as do assaults and muggings) in the cities of Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, and Sihanoukville. Regarding security conditions, it should be noted that Cambodia remains a country riddled with landmines, particularly in rural areas such as Banteay Meanchey, Battambang, and Pursat provinces (west), Kampong Thom province (center), Siem Reap province (north), as well as along the Thai border (northwest).

HEALTH

Health conditions are sub-par throughout the country; the presence of dengue fever, malaria, and rabies, as well as high rates of HIV-AIDS, are all legitimate concerns. In summer 2012, a disease that was never identified by national medical authorities or the WHO left several dozen children dead. The quality of services available in medical facilities varies between regions, but in any case the care provided falls below Western standards. In late June 2015, Cambodia increased medical surveillance at international airports and border crossing points after Thailand detected its first case of MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus). Cambodia is inflicted by avian flu.

Travelers should note that tap water is not potable.

TRANSPORTATION

In April 2016, the railway connecting the capital Phnom Penh to Sihanoukville was reopened to passengers after a 15-year interruption of service.

NATURAL RISKS

Cambodia is regularly hit by natural disasters; Cyclone Ketsana in 2009 killed a dozen individuals in the north. From 2005 to 2010, more than 800,000 people have been affected by natural disasters, including droughts, flooding, cyclones, etc.

Finally, during the rainy season (June to October), floods are common in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country.

Climate

Cambodia has a tropical climate with two distinct seasons. The dry season begins in November and ends in March; during this time, temperatures usually remain above 30°C and days are sunny. The monsoon affects the country from May until October, bringing with it high temperatures (35°C), high levels of humidity, and violent but brief showers. Floods are common.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +855 Police: 117 or 118

Electricity

Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

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