Cambodia Country Report
Prime Minister Hun Sen's ruling Cambodian People's Party (CPP) government will almost certainly retain power beyond the July 2018 general election. The dissolution of the main opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) in November 2017 removed the only major electoral challenge to the CPP, turning Cambodia into a de facto one-party system. Policy continuity is probable during the next mandate period with a strong focus on economic growth. However, the CPP will attempt to shift trade and investment ties towards China and away from Europe and the United States. Despite the political issues, the economy has benefitted from high levels of Chinese investment and is growing at about 7%.
Government policy on foreign investment is welcoming with 100% foreign ownership allowed in most sectors of the economy. This welcoming attitude is widely accepted within Cambodia. Foreign investors also benefit from the availability of a young and low-cost workforce. However, periodic industrial unrest over wages, including in the economically important garment sector, creates business disruption risks. Although business in Cambodia involves relatively less red tape than in other countries in the region, the bureaucracy can be cumbersome and inefficient to deal with. Corruption risk is an ongoing issue fostered by officials' low pay and ingrained within the system from grassroots to the highest levels.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers over one year of age arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and for travelers who have been in transit for >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).
Japanese Encephalitis: For stays of longer than one month in a rural zone during the rainy season (for children over the age of one). The vaccine is administered in a local medical facility.
Malaria: Recommended preventive medication - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam) or doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Cambodia is regularly hit by natural disasters; Cyclone Ketsana in 2009 killed a dozen individuals in the north. From 2005 to 2010, more than 800,000 people have been affected by natural disasters, including droughts, flooding, cyclones, etc.
Finally, during the rainy season (June to October), floods are common in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country.
In April 2016, the railway connecting the capital Phnom Penh to Sihanoukville was reopened to passengers after a 15-year interruption of service.
Cambodia has a tropical climate with two distinct seasons. The dry season begins in November and ends in March; during this time, temperatures usually remain above 30°C and days are sunny. The monsoon affects the country from May until October, bringing with it high temperatures (35°C), high levels of humidity, and violent but brief showers. Floods are common.
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