Cameroon Country Report
Agitation against the perceived marginalisation of Anglophones is likely to continue driving protests in the northwest and southwest regions throughout 2018. However, succession to President Biya remains the defining issue in Cameroonian politics, with the potential to undermine stability. Cameroon's economy, although the most diversified regionally, is still dependent on crude oil (over 25% of government earnings), which has led the government to encourage diversification into sectors such as agribusiness and mining. Declining oil revenue and depleted public finances are likely to increase government borrowing in the three-year outlook to fund infrastructure projects. Terrorism threats from armed groups on the eastern and northern border are declining.
Cameroon promotes an open investment climate and offers incentives to encourage investment especially from outside. However, investors in Cameroon face severe corruption, bureaucratic inertia, and infrastructure challenges. National infrastructure, which often inhibits operations, has also been targeted for development, with ongoing improvements especially in roads, ports, and energy. The labour force suffers from insufficient skills levels although it has better skilled workers compared to its neighbours. Cameroon has organised labour unions, but its ability to agitate for change is limited by the government's over-dominance.
Cameroon's participation in the Multi-National Joint Task Force against Nigerian militant Islamist organisation Boko Haram means that attacks and abductions in the Far North region are almost certain to continue in the one-year outlook, although they have reduced significantly. Boko Haram is proving its regional capability by carrying out mass-casualty attacks in Cameroon and neighbouring Nigeria, directed at soft targets. Militancy continues to spill over the border from Central African Republic in the east. In the northwest and southwest, attacks from secessionist militants are likely to continue on security forces.
The risk of inter-state war with Nigeria is mitigated by Cameroon’s participation in the Multinational Joint Task Force against Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram and the peaceful resolution of the land and maritime border dispute with Nigeria over the oil-rich Bakassi Peninsula. The insurgency by Boko Haram is likely to continue in the northern regions throughout 2018. Cameroonian forces are also likely to pursue criminal armed groups into the Central African Republic; however, these intermittent incursions are unlikely to trigger inter-state war.
The perceived marginalisation of the Anglophone population is likely to drive protests in the northwest and southwest regions and attacks on security forces throughout 2018. High price rises have traditionally driven violent protests in Cameroon’s urban centres, especially in Douala and Yaoundé. Civil unrest risks will increase if the government does not accompany subsidy removals with compensatory social reforms. However, risks of rioting and vandalism resulting in significant property damage are mitigated by the security forces’ rapid response in quelling unrest before it spirals out of control.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required if traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and over nine months of age.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).
Meningococcal Meningitis - Tetravalent Vaccine: For prolonged stays, or in case your travels will put you in close contact with a local population affected by an epidemic of the disease (for children over the age of two years).
Malaria: Recommended preventive medication - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam) or doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
The year in Cameroon is divided into two equal seasons, the rainy season - which last from April until November - and the dry season, November to April. The Harmattan, a dry and dusty wind, blows across the country from November until February. Keep in mind that between July and October certain roads can become impassible due to muddy conditions.
|Police-Emergency:||17 (or 117 from a foreign mobile) in Yaoundé, Douala and Garoua|
|Gendarmerie:||13 (or 113 à from a foreign mobile) from Central, Littoral, West and Northwest provinces|
|Security in Douala:||33 43 6572|
Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz