Cameroon Country Report
Agitation against the perceived marginalisation of Anglophones is likely to continue driving secessionist militant attacks on security forces in the Northwest and Southwest regions throughout 2018, and especially in the run-up to the presidential election in October 2018. However, succession to President Biya remains the defining issue in Cameroonian politics, with the potential to undermine stability. Cameroon's economy, although the most diversified regionally, is still dependent on crude oil (over 25% of government earnings), which has led the government to encourage diversification into sectors such as agribusiness and mining. Declining oil revenue and depleted public finances are likely to increase government borrowing in the three-year outlook to fund infrastructure projects.Terrorism threats from armed groups on the eastern and northern borders are declining.
Cameroon promotes an open investment climate and offers incentives to encourage investment especially from outside. However, investors in Cameroon face severe corruption, bureaucratic inertia, and infrastructure challenges. National infrastructure, which often inhibits operations, has also been targeted for development, with ongoing improvements especially in roads, ports, and energy. The labour force suffers from insufficient skill levels despite having better skilled workers compared to its neighbours. Cameroon has organised labour unions but the ability to agitate for change is limited by the government's over-dominance.
Cameroon's participation in the Multi-National Joint Task Force against Nigerian militant Islamist organisation Boko Haram means that attacks and abductions in the Far North region are almost certain to continue in the one-year outlook, although they have reduced significantly. Boko Haram is proving its regional capability by carrying out mass-casualty attacks in Cameroon and neighbouring Nigeria, directed at soft targets. Attacks on security forces by secessionist militants in the Northwest and Southwest regions are likely to continue, especially in the run-up to elections in October 2018.
The risk of inter-state war with Nigeria is mitigated by Cameroon's participation in the Multinational Joint Task Force against Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram and the establishment of a joint boundary demarcation task force. The insurgency by Boko Haram is likely to continue in the northern regions throughout 2018. Cameroonian forces are also likely to pursue criminal armed groups into the Central African Republic; however, these intermittent incursions are unlikely to trigger inter-state war.
The perceived marginalisation of the Anglophone population is likely to drive protests in the northwest and southwest regions and attacks on security forces throughout 2018. High price rises have traditionally driven violent protests in Cameroon's urban centres, especially in Douala and Yaoundé. Risks of rioting and vandalism resulting in significant property damage are mitigated by the security forces' rapid response in quelling unrest before it spirals out of control.
Vaccines Required to Enter the Country
Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travelers arriving from countries with a risk of yellow fever transmission, including for travelers having spent 12 hours or more in transit in an airport of an at-risk country. A single dose of YF vaccine is sufficient to confer sustained life-long immunity against the disease; it should be taken ten days in advance to be fully effective.
Vaccines Recommended for All Travelers
Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).
Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is generally recommended for travelers over nine months of age.
Vaccines Recommended for Most Travelers
Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.
Typhoid fever: The typhoid fever vaccine can be administered via injection (administered in one dose) or orally (four doses). The vaccine is only 50-80 percent effective, so travelers to areas with a risk of exposure to typhoid fever, a bacterial disease, should also take hygienic precautions (e.g. drink only bottled water, avoid undercooked foods, wash hands regularly, etc.). Children can be given the shot beginning at two years of age (six for the oral vaccine).
Malaria: There is currently no malaria vaccine. However, various antimalarial prophylactics are available by prescription and can reduce risk of infection by up to 90 percent. Different medications are prescribed depending on the risk level and the strains of the virus present in the destination. Antimalarial tablets need to be taken throughout the trip to be effective and may need to be taken for as long as four weeks following the trip.
Vaccines Recommended for Some Travelers
Cholera: A newly licensed cholera vaccine (Vaxchora) has just been made available and may be prescribed for adults traveling to areas with active cholera transmission. The vaccine prevents severe diarrhea caused by the most common type of cholera bacteria. As the vaccine is not fully effective, hygienic precautions should also be taken (e.g. drinking only bottled water, eating only thoroughly cooked foods, washing hands regularly, etc.).
Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.
Meningococcal meningitis: There are several types of meningococcal vaccines. None offer full immunity and some require periodic booster shots. Consult your doctor to determine which is best for you depending on medical history and travel plans.
Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).
The year in Cameroon is divided into two equal seasons, the rainy season - which last from April until November - and the dry season, November to April. The Harmattan, a dry and dusty wind, blows across the country from November until February. Keep in mind that between July and October certain roads can become impassible due to muddy conditions.
|Police-Emergency:||17 (or 117 from a foreign mobile) in Yaoundé, Douala and Garoua|
|Gendarmerie:||13 (or 113 à from a foreign mobile) from Central, Littoral, West and Northwest provinces|
|Security in Douala:||33 43 6572|
Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz