Côte d'Ivoire Country Report
President Alassane Ouattara's RHDP coalition emerged as a clear victor in October 2018 municipal and regional elections despite the August departure of key partner the PDCI. The prospect of a strong opposition for the first time since 2011 raises protest risks as the PDCI will spearhead calls for a fundamental reform of the electoral commission ahead of presidential polls in 2020. International cocoa exporters are in a stronger position as the government has been forced to scale back a local content drive in the world-leading sector after a steep price drop. Côte d'Ivoire will remain an aspirational target for Al-Qaeda-linked groups following an attack in Grand-Bassam in March 2016. Major port, rail, and road projects should cement Côte d'Ivoire's place as a leadingregional trans-shipment hub.
Transforming the operational environment has been a high priority for President Ouattara, amid efforts to boost reconciliation through steady growth. New mining and investment codes have improved regulation, the cocoa industry has been restructured, and incentives in agriculture have been prioritised. The government has agreed to pay public-sector wage arrears over a prolonged period, reducing the immediate risk of further large-scale strikes, although further stoppages have taken place when payments are delayed. Some reductions in levels of corruption have been achieved, although endemic racketeering by security forces can affect business operations.
Côte d'Ivoire faced a serious terrorism threat when Islamist fighters linked to Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) killed 19 people at Grand Bassam, near Abidjan, in March 2016. However, there has been no repeat attack and the threat is likely to continue to diminish as Côte d'Ivoire improves anti-terrorism capabilities and AQIM focuses heavily on the Sahel. Attacks in western border areas by Liberia-based groups linked to former president Laurent Gbagbo have ended, but jailbreaks and attacks on police posts occurred in July–August 2017. Niger Delta-based pirates pose a moderate threat to shipping in Ivorian waters, having formerly targeted Abidjan's congested tanker terminal.
Widespread mutinies during the first half of 2017 underscored the deep-seated divisions within the armed forces that have persisted since post-election conflict in 2010–11 and continue to threaten long-term stability. An additional series of security incidents from mid-2017 to early 2018, including attacks on gendarmerie or police posts and prison escapes, small-scale riots, and alleged arson attacks on markets, underscored the volatility of the security environment. Cross-border attacks from Ghana and Liberia by pro-Gbagbo militants have ended. Côte d'Ivoire amicably accepted the settlement in September 2017 of a maritime border dispute relating to oil-rich waters that saw Ghana's case largely upheld.
The scale and violence of political protests are likely to increase, aimed initially at reform of the electoral commission prior to a presidential election in late 2020 when a resurgent opposition has a strong chance of taking power. Protests are likely to take place around key developments in the long-running International Criminal Court trial of former president Laurent Gbagbo, which began in January 2016, but will be easily contained by security forces. A series of arson attacks in the first half of 2018 underlines the volatility of public reaction across the country and distrust of centrally appointed authorities.
Vaccines required to enter the country
Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for all travelers over nine months of age upon entry to the country. A single dose of YF vaccine is sufficient to confer sustained life-long immunity against the disease; it should be taken ten days in advance to be fully effective.
Vaccines recommended for all travelers
Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).
Vaccines recommended for most travelers
Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.
Malaria: There is currently no malaria vaccine. However, various antimalarial prophylactics are available by prescription and can reduce risk of infection by up to 90 percent. Different medications are prescribed depending on the risk level and the strains of the virus present in the destination. Antimalarial tablets need to be taken throughout the trip to be effective and may need to be taken for as long as four weeks following the trip.
Typhoid fever: The typhoid fever vaccine can be administered via injection (administered in one dose) or orally (four doses). The vaccine is only 50-80 percent effective, so travelers to areas with a risk of exposure to typhoid fever, a bacterial disease, should also take hygienic precautions (e.g. drink only bottled water, avoid undercooked foods, wash hands regularly, etc.). Children can be given the shot beginning at two years of age (six for the oral vaccine).
Vaccines recommended for some travelers
Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.
Meningococcal meningitis: There are several types of meningococcal vaccines. None offer full immunity and some require periodic booster shots. Consult your doctor to determine which is best for you depending on medical history and travel plans.
Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).
Poor weather conditions - such as torrential rain and consequent flooding is observed in the south, especially in Abidjan, particularly during the rainy season (May to November) - can disrupt travel to, from, and within the country. Torrential rains resulted in several deaths and serious damage in Abidjan in May 2017. Summer rains often result in flooding (e.g. along the banks of the Bandama River), mudslides, and road closures, particularly in the south of the country. During periods of heavy rain, is it advisable to avoid poorer neighborhoods where inadequate construction standards put building occupants at risk.
From November to March, the Harmattan wind emanating from the Western Sahara blows through the country, carrying with it large amounts of dust, which can lead to severe air traffic disruptions and respiratory issues.
The road network remains unstable in Côte d'Ivoire despite intense infrastructures development programs; only 10 percent of all roads are paved. Driving habits are erratic and the lack of street lighting and standard ambulance/emergency medical services in rural areas increase risks related to road travel.
According to American consular authorities, several foreign nationals have been targeted in particularly violent attacked in 2015 as they were traveling on major thoroughfares outside Abidjan. This sort of attack tends to increase in likelihood after nightfall and on market days.
In rural and secluded areas, travel by night should be limited. It is best to travel in a convoy made up of at least two vehicles. Additionally, in the event of a car accident resulting in bodily damage, it is advised to go directly to the nearest police station instead of staying at the scene to avoid hostile behavior by locals.
In the south of the country, below the horizontal line passing through Yamoussoukro, the climate is equatorial and very wet. The rainy season extends from May until November with a bit of a respite around July and August. The rest of the year conditions continue to be humid, with overcast skies and rain not uncommon; temperatures during this period remain stable, between 29°C and 32°C. The climate is more tropical in the north of the country, with a fairly intense rainy season lasting from May until September.
The most pleasant time to visit the Ivory Coast is between November and March when the country enjoys blue skies, drier conditions, and cooler nights. The Harmattan, a wind from the Sahara, blows, sometimes strongly, across the country, bringing with it drier and dustier conditions.
|Police Headquarters:||20 22 08 22|
|Central Police Station:||20 21 00 22 / 20 22 42 27 / 20 21 77 92|
|Gendarmerie:||20 21 88 83|
|UAS Abidjan:||22 44 31 47 / 22 44 44 45|
|Police Station:||30 64 11 63 / 30 64 00 24|
|Gendarmerie:||30 64 00 22|
|Hospital (C.H.R.):||30 64 00 33|
Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz