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Country Reports

Croatia Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

The collapse of the HDZ-MOST coalition in April 2017 raised the risk of fresh elections. However, that prospect has since diminished in light of two failed no-confidence motions. Nevertheless, the government's position is not strong enough to effectively tackle the elevated public debt and budget deficit, and the cumbersome business environment. Protest and strike risks remain low but are likely to increase in the probable event of privatisations and public-spending cuts. Although Croatia is not a prime target for terrorism, organised criminality is prevalent and poses a moderate risk of injury to individuals.

Last update: July 4, 2018

Operational Outlook

The EU accession process generated large-scale improvements in Croatia's operating environment, particularly in curtailing its over-inflated bureaucracy. One of the proclaimed goals of the new government is to further curtail bureaucracy and thus cut operating costs for businesses. General infrastructure is adequate for business operations, and there is an overall skilled and educated workforce. Trade unions are moderately prone to strike, but the frequency of strikes is diminishing as the economic recovery picks up.

Last update: October 9, 2018

Terrorism

Elevated

The threat from Islamist terrorism is moderate, as only a few dozen individuals in the country are thought to adhere to a radical interpretation of Islam. However, there is a threat of a spillover effect, emanating from the roughly 300 jihadists who have returned to Croatia's neighbouring countries (predominantly Bosnia) from Iraq and Syria. Left- and right-wing extremist groups, generally within sports fan groups, are likely to pose a greater risk of death and injury, despite being poorly organised. Risks from organised crime will gradually decrease in the three-year outlook because of improving law enforcement capabilities.

Last update: November 13, 2018

War Risks

Despite several border disputes with neighbouring states – mainly concerning maritime borders with Slovenia, Bosnia, Montenegro and Serbia – war risks are now mitigated by Croatia's EU membership since July 2013, NATO membership since April 2009. Further mitigating war risks are the joint military exercises being conducted by Western Balkan countries. The territorial disputes, such as that with Slovenia, are likely to be resolved peacefully.

Last update: November 13, 2018

Social Stability

Moderate

There is a moderate risk of protests against public spending cuts and privatisations in the one-year outlook, although they are unlikely to escalate and involve large-scale violence. Incidents involving fighting between migrants and police at Bosnian border checkpoints are likely to increase in 2019. Violent protest risks over inter-ethnic and language issues have also increased, particularly in Serb-populated areas of Dalmatia and Eastern Slavonia. Protests and riots are also likely prior to, during, and after football games, with games between rival clubs Hajduk Split and Dinamo Zagreb being particularly prone to result in violence.

Last update: November 13, 2018

Health Risk

Elevated

Vaccines required to enter the country

No vaccinations are required to enter the country.

Vaccines recommended for all travelers

Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).

Vaccines recommended for most travelers

Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.

Vaccines recommended for some travelers

Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.

Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).

Last update: October 26, 2018

Natural Risks

Very high

The country is often afflicted in winter months by difficult conditions caused by low temperatures and snowfall. Local authorities are usually poorly equipped to deal with winter storms.

Croatia is located in an active seismic zone. A magnitude-6.0 earthquake struck the Dubrovnik region in 1996, leading to moderate structural damage and several casualties. Numerous minor tremors have occurred since, resulting in only minor damage.

Last update: February 13, 2018

Practical Information

Climate

Winters are cold in the center of the country where snowstorms are common; summers are very hot. Along the coast, the climate is Mediterranean: winters are mild and summers are hot and dry with thunderstorms common in the evenings. Ocean temperatures range from 21°C to 25°C between the beginning of June and the end of September.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +385 (from a foreign cellphone, dial 020092)
Police: 92
Fire Dept.: 93
UAS: 94
Civil Defense (DUZS): 112

Electricity

Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: November 21, 2013