Croatia Country Report
The EU accession process generated large-scale improvements in Croatia's operating environment, particularly in curtailing its over-inflated bureaucracy. One of the proclaimed goals of the HDZ-led government is to further curtail bureaucracy and thus cut operating costs for businesses. General infrastructure is adequate for business operations, and there is an overall skilled and educated workforce. Trade unions are moderately prone to strike, particularly in the public sector (education, healthcare, transport).
The threat from Islamist terrorism is moderate, as only a few dozen individuals in the country are thought to adhere to a radical interpretation of Islam. However, there is a threat of a spillover effect, emanating from the roughly 250 jihadists who have returned to Croatia's neighbouring countries (predominantly Bosnia) from Iraq and Syria. Left- and right-wing extremist groups, generally within sports fan groups, are likely to pose a greater risk of death and injury, despite being poorly organised. Risks from organised crime will gradually decrease in the three-year outlook because of improving law enforcement capabilities.
Croatia has generally enjoyed relatively high levels of public safety, exempting wartime security situations and minority return areas. However, this perception of public safety was partially shaken in 2008 with high-profile assassinations allegedly linked to organised crime. Violence is usually targeted at rival groups or businessmen, journalists, or lawyers engaged in anti-corruption activities, with incidents usually concentrated in Zagreb and large port cities such as Rijeka. Drug trafficking remains a serious problem, with Croatia sitting along a major transit route between the Middle East and Western Europe. Croatia's anti-corruption agency, USKOK, has enjoyed significant successes in fighting financial crime.
Despite several border disputes with neighbouring states – mainly concerning maritime borders with Slovenia, Bosnia, Montenegro and Serbia – war risks are now mitigated by Croatia's EU membership since July 2013, as well as NATO membership since April 2009. Further mitigating war risks are the joint military exercises being conducted by Western Balkan countries. The territorial disputes, such as that with Slovenia, are likely to be resolved peacefully.
Vaccines required to enter the country
No vaccinations are required to enter the country.
Vaccines recommended for all travelers
Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).
Vaccines recommended for most travelers
Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.
Vaccines recommended for some travelers
Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.
Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).
The country is often afflicted in winter months by difficult conditions caused by low temperatures and snowfall. Local authorities are usually poorly equipped to deal with winter storms.
Croatia is located in an active seismic zone. A magnitude-6.0 earthquake struck the Dubrovnik region in 1996, leading to moderate structural damage and several casualties. Numerous minor tremors have occurred since, resulting in only minor damage.
Winters are cold in the center of the country where snowstorms are common; summers are very hot. Along the coast, the climate is Mediterranean: winters are mild and summers are hot and dry with thunderstorms common in the evenings. Ocean temperatures range from 21°C to 25°C between the beginning of June and the end of September.
|Country Code:||+385 (from a foreign cellphone, dial 020092)|
|Civil Defense (DUZS):||112|
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz