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Country Reports

Croatia Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

The collapse of the HDZ-MOST coalition in April 2017 raised the risk of fresh elections. However, that prospect has since diminished in light of two failed no-confidence motions. Nevertheless, the government's position is not strong enough to effectively tackle the elevated public debt and budget deficit, and the cumbersome business environment. Protest and strike risks remain low but are likely to increase in the probable event of privatisations and public-spending cuts. Although Croatia is not a prime target for terrorism, organised criminality is prevalent and poses a moderate risk of injury to individuals.

Last update: March 27, 2018

Operational Outlook

The EU accession process generated large-scale improvements in Croatia's operating environment, particularly in curtailing its over-inflated bureaucracy. One of the proclaimed goals of the new government is to further curtail bureaucracy and thus cut operating costs for businesses. General infrastructure is adequate for business operations, and there is an overall skilled and educated workforce. Trade unions are moderately prone to strike, but the frequency of strikes is likely to diminish as the economic recovery picks up.

Last update: March 27, 2018

Terrorism

Elevated

The threat from Islamist terrorism is moderate, as only a few dozen individuals in the country are thought to adhere to a radical interpretation of Islam. However, there is a threat of a spillover effect, emanating from the roughly 300 jihadists who have returned to Croatia's neighbouring countries (predominantly Bosnia) from Iraq and Syria. Left- and right-wing extremist groups, generally within sports fan groups, are likely to pose a greater risk of death and injury, despite being poorly organised. Risks from organised crime will gradually decrease in the three-year outlook because of improving law enforcement capabilities.

Last update: March 27, 2018

War Risks

Moderate

Despite several border disputes with neighbouring states – mainly concerning maritime borders with Slovenia, Bosnia, Montenegro and Serbia – war risks are now mitigated by Croatia's EU membership since July 2013, NATO membership since April 2009. Further mitigating war risks are the joint military exercises being conducted by Western Balkan countries. The territorial disputes, such as that with Slovenia, are likely to be resolved peacefully.

Last update: March 27, 2018

Social Stability

Moderate

There is also a moderate risk of protests against public spending cuts and privatisations in the one-year outlook, although they are unlikely to escalate and involve large-scale violence. Violent protest risks over inter-ethnic and language issues have increased, particularly in Serb-populated areas of Dalmatia and Eastern Slavonia. Protests and riots are also likely prior to, during, and after football games, with games between rival clubs Hajduk Split and Dinamo Zagreb being particularly prone to result in violence.

Last update: March 27, 2018

Health Risk

Moderate

Vaccinations required to enter the country

No vaccinations are required to enter the country.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).

Tick-Borne Encephalitis: For stays in rural zones and for hiking enthusiasts (for children over the age of one).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: November 21, 2013

Natural Risks

High

The country is often afflicted in winter months by difficult conditions caused by low temperatures and snowfall. Local authorities are usually poorly equipped to deal with winter storms.

Croatia is located in an active seismic zone. A magnitude-6.0 earthquake struck the Dubrovnik region in 1996, leading to moderate structural damage and several casualties. Numerous minor tremors have occurred since, resulting in only minor damage.

Last update: February 13, 2018

Practical Information

Climate

Winters are cold in the center of the country where snowstorms are common; summers are very hot. Along the coast, the climate is Mediterranean: winters are mild and summers are hot and dry with thunderstorms common in the evenings. Ocean temperatures range from 21°C to 25°C between the beginning of June and the end of September.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +385 (from a foreign cellphone, dial 020092)
Police: 92
Fire Dept.: 93
UAS: 94
Civil Defense (DUZS): 112

Electricity

Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: November 21, 2013