Country Reports

Croatia Country Report

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Risk Level

Very High


Executive Summary

In the parliamentary election held on 5 July, the ruling HDZ party won 66 seats, ahead of opposition SDP’s Restart Coalition with 41 and the Homeland Movement with 16. The Croatian parliament approved a new cabinet on 23 July, led by incumbent Prime Minister Andrej Plenković and his centre-right Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ). The ruling HDZ’s stronger mandate following the general election is likely to improve government stability, facilitating faster approval and implementation of HDZ’s policy agenda. The government has also approved two relief packages worth EUR1.8 billion to support the economy and protect jobs. Croatia’s accession to the Schengen Area is likely to be delayed by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus pandemic beyond 2020. The COVID-19 virus will devastate the Croatian economy in 2020. Croatia’s GDP is expected to contract by about 8.5% in 2020, with the recovery in 2021 limited by what we anticipate to be a slow return of tourism. Lost tourism revenues will also push the current account into a deficit in 2020. In July 2020, Croatia entered the Exchange Rate Mechanism II, prepping the country for eurozone entry in 2023 or 2024. The kuna had slipped against the euro in the second quarter owing to the pandemic, but has rallied in the third quarter. As part of its drive to join the eurozone, the Croatian government has made significant progress in driving down the fiscal deficit. In 2020, however, this progress will be undone as revenues plummet and the government spends heavily to stimulate the economy. A higher deficit does not immediately push the country’s eurozone entry off track, given that fiscal rules are being relaxed across the continent.
Last update: September 4, 2020

Operational Outlook

The EU accession process generated large-scale improvements in Croatia's operating environment, particularly in curtailing its over-inflated bureaucracy. One of the proclaimed goals of the HDZ-led government is to further curtail bureaucracy and thus cut operating costs for businesses. General infrastructure is adequate for business operations, and there is an overall skilled and educated workforce. Trade unions are moderately prone to strike, particularly in the public sector (education, healthcare, transport).

Last update: July 11, 2020



The threat from Islamist terrorism is moderate, as only a few dozen individuals in the country are thought to adhere to a radical interpretation of Islam. However, there is a threat of a spillover effect, emanating from the roughly 250 jihadists who have returned to Croatia's neighbouring countries (predominantly Bosnia) from Iraq and Syria. Left- and right-wing extremist groups, generally within sports fan groups, are likely to pose a greater risk of death and injury, despite being poorly organised. Risks from organised crime will gradually decrease in the three-year outlook because of improving law enforcement capabilities.

Last update: July 11, 2020


Croatia has generally enjoyed relatively high levels of public safety, exempting wartime security situations and minority return areas. However, this perception of public safety was partially shaken in 2008 with high-profile assassinations allegedly linked to organised crime. Violence is usually targeted at rival groups or businessmen, journalists, or lawyers engaged in anti-corruption activities, with incidents usually concentrated in Zagreb and large port cities such as Rijeka. Drug trafficking remains a serious problem, with Croatia sitting along a major transit route between the Middle East and Western Europe. Croatia's anti-corruption agency, USKOK, has enjoyed significant successes in fighting financial crime.

Last update: July 11, 2020

War Risks

Despite several border disputes with neighbouring states – mainly concerning maritime borders with Slovenia, Bosnia, Montenegro and Serbia – war risks are now mitigated by Croatia's EU membership since July 2013, as well as NATO membership since April 2009. Further mitigating war risks are the joint military exercises being conducted by Western Balkan countries. The territorial disputes, such as that with Slovenia, are likely to be resolved peacefully.

Last update: July 11, 2020

Social Stability


There is a moderate risk of protests over public spending cuts, privatisations and shipyard restructuring in the one-year outlook, although they are unlikely to escalate and involve large-scale violence. Incidents involving fighting between migrants and police at Bosnian border checkpoints are likely to remain moderate in the one-year outlook. Violent protest risks over inter-ethnic and language issues have increased, particularly in Serb-populated areas of Dalmatia and Eastern Slavonia. Protests and riots are also likely prior to, during, and after football games, with games between rival clubs Hajduk Split and Dinamo Zagreb being particularly prone to result in violence.

Last update: August 1, 2020

Health Risk


Vaccines required to enter the country

No vaccinations are required to enter the country.

Vaccines recommended for all travelers

Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).

Vaccines recommended for most travelers

Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.

Vaccines recommended for some travelers

Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.

Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).

Last update: April 5, 2019

Natural Risks

Very high

The country is often afflicted in winter months by difficult conditions caused by low temperatures and snowfall. Local authorities are usually poorly equipped to deal with winter storms.

Croatia is located in an active seismic zone. A magnitude-6.0 earthquake struck the Dubrovnik region in 1996, leading to moderate structural damage and several casualties. Numerous minor tremors have occurred since, resulting in only minor damage.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information


Winters are cold in the center of the country where snowstorms are common; summers are very hot. Along the coast, the climate is Mediterranean: winters are mild and summers are hot and dry with thunderstorms common in the evenings. Ocean temperatures range from 21°C to 25°C between the beginning of June and the end of September.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +385 (from a foreign cellphone, dial 020092)
Police: 92
Fire Dept.: 93
UAS: 94
Civil Defense (DUZS): 112


Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz


Last update: April 5, 2019