Czech Republic Country Report
Czechia's strategic location close to some of Europe's largest markets (particularly Germany), EU membership, low labour costs, strong skill base and investment-friendly legislative framework benefit the operational environment. Transport infrastructure is good but was neglected in recent years, and there are now plans to modernise it, particularly ground cargo connections with its neighbours. However, corruption during tender processes will continue to pose obstacles, and red tape and arbitrary bureaucracy are likely in dealings with local government officialdom. Trade unions are generally weak, and long and disruptive labour unrest remains rare, although the tightened labour market slightly raises risks.
The risk of terrorist attacks staged by Islamist militants remains lower than in Western Europe. Isolated motivations and works of lone individuals, including Czech nationals converted to Islam, would be more probable. In November 2013, a Czech national was convicted for a bomb threat against then-finance minister Miroslav Kalousek. In November 2019, a Slovak national – a convert to Islam – was sentenced to prison for 6.5 years for propagating terrorism. He was allegedly planning a terrorist attack in the Slovak town of Prešov. Should an attack occur, government premises, foreign embassies and Jewish quarters in Prague would be at the highest risk.
The crime rate has declined steadily in recent years. In 2018, the police recorded 4.9% fewer crimes than in 2017, and the number of both property and violent crimes decreased. Most crimes are likely to consist of petty property offences, with the rates of violent crime remaining low. However, organised crime is an issue and Czechia will probably continue to serve as a source, transit, and destination country for human, arms, and drug trafficking. Financial crime and counterfeiting remain problematic, although the number of cases has decreased following government crackdowns. Cybercrime is increasingly targeted by law enforcement.
Czechia is highly unlikely to become involved in an interstate military conflict. Although some bilateral disputes are present (for instance, the country's ties with Austria and Germany tend to flare up over the issue of the Beneš decrees and the nuclear power plant in Temelín), these are highly unlikely to result in an armed conflict. Czechia is an EU and NATO member and belongs to the regional Visegrad Four (V4) organisation alongside Poland, Hungary and Slovakia, mitigating the risk further.
Vaccines required to enter the country
No vaccinations are required to enter the country.
Vaccines recommended for all travelers
Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).
Vaccines recommended for most travelers
Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.
Vaccines recommended for some travelers
Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.
Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).
The Czech Republic has a continental climate, with hot summers and long, cold, even harsh winters. Temperatures range from 18°C to 26°C in the summer (June to September) and from -3°C to 0°C in the winter (October to March). Temperatures will also vary in mountainous regions where winters are very rainy and snowy. It rains regularly throughout the year.
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz