Denmark Country Report
Denmark has a transparent regulatory system, excellent infrastructure, and efficient bureaucracy. The labour market is highly skilled and mobile. The government strongly supports the open economy and encourages foreign investment. Bribe requests or other corrupt practices are extremely rare and unlikely to affect commercial operations. Denmark is consistently ranked among the least corrupt countries in the world by anti-corruption civil society groups. The primary operational risks to investment stem from well-organised environmental activists and trade unions. Denmark imposed strict regulatory rules in its response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus outbreak; however, it was also among the first EU countries that has relaxed those restrictions.
Jihadist intent to target Danish assets is present owing to the Prophet Muhammad cartoons and Denmark's military involvement against the Islamic State. Given capability constraints and surveillance, firearm attacks by radicalised individuals or small groups against soft targets are more probable than co-ordinated IED attacks, similar to the February 2015 Copenhagen shootings at a cafe and a synagogue. Individuals and buildings associated with cartoon publications or satire of Islam, transportation hubs, Jewish assets, crowded public spaces in major cities such as Copenhagen and Aarhus, and government buildings and officials, are likely targets.
The April 2019 gun battle between two criminal gangs in the Copenhagen suburb of Rungsted highlighted the potential for gang violence in Denmark. Notwithstanding this incident, criminal violence has been on a downward trend since the previous peak in shootings in Copenhagen and Zealand in 2013. The EU Schengen border regime has facilitated the movement of people throughout the EU but also made it easier for transnational criminals to smuggle illicit goods into Denmark. To combat this, Denmark and Sweden, and to a lesser extent Germany, continue active monitoring at the border through 2020. Reduced international and domestic mobility throughout the COVID-19 pandemic also temporarily limited the criminal gangs’ operations.
Denmark's geographic position at the mouth of the Baltic Sea and its NATO membership put it at risk in the unlikely event of direct conflict between Russia and NATO. In such a scenario, Denmark would become a likely target for Russian airspace and marine incursions, posing risks of disruption to commercial air and sea traffic. Similar to Canada and Russia, Denmark has asserted its own sovereignty over the Arctic. However, disputes with these countries are unlikely to escalate into armed conflict. The Danish territory of Greenland would likely be strategically important in a potential NATO-Russia conflict in the Arctic, however.
Vaccines required to enter the country
No vaccinations are required to enter the country.
Vaccines recommended for all travelers
Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).
Vaccines recommended for some travelers
Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.
Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.
Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).
Denmark has an oceanic climate. Winters are never very cold (temperatures rarely drop below -5°C) thanks to the tempering influence of the ocean, but they are quite long. In the summer temperatures range between 18°C and 25°C during the day and nights are cool. Cool winds often pass through the country, lowering temperatures. Between the end of May and mid-September, days are long and nights are clear and cool. Beginning in October cold temperatures, winds, and clouds return and remain fixtures throughout the winter.
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz