Country Reports

Denmark Country Report

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Risk Level

Very High


Executive Summary

Denmark's GDP growth in 2018 was revised up from 1.2% to 1.4%, driven by a larger positive contribution from net exports in the second half of the year. We expect the same rate of GDP growth in 2019-20. The main downside risks reflect Denmark's large exposure to international trade.Consumer price inflation remains subdued, having averaged just 0.5% in 2013–18. We forecast an uptick to 1.1% in 2019–20, driven by a tight labour market and sustained wage growth.Given the krone's peg to the euro, the monetary policy stance reflects the European Central Bank's actions, while the exchange rate forecast mirrors patterns in the euro/US dollar exchange rate.Despite the inclusion of two new parties in the government coalition led by the centre-right Venstre party, policy instability has remained high given that the government only controls 53 out of 179 parliamentary seats. A general election will take place no later than 17 June this year. Whichever bloc wins the upcoming election will likely face similar issues of political gridlock. Danish participation in the US-led campaign against the Islamic State, the presence of Danish troops in Afghanistan, and the publication of the Prophet Muhammad cartoons by Danish newspapers in 2005–06 and 2008 make the country a symbolical target for attacks by jihadist militants. Small-arms attacks by self-radicalised individuals or small groups with criminal connections are most likely.
Last update: April 25, 2019

Operational Outlook

Denmark has a transparent regulatory system, excellent infrastructure, and efficient bureaucracy. The labour market is highly skilled and mobile. The government strongly supports the open economy and encourages foreign investment. The dependency of the minority government on the anti-immigrant Danish People's Party to pass legislation has led to the adoption of a stricter immigration policy. However, this will primarily affect asylum seekers and refugees rather than labour migrants from the EU. The primary operational risks to investment stem from well-organised environmental activists and trade unions.

Last update: November 13, 2018



Jihadist intent to target Danish assets is high because of the Prophet Muhammad cartoons and Denmark's military involvement against the Islamic State. Given capability constraints and surveillance, firearm attacks by radicalised individuals or small groups against soft targets are more probable than co-ordinated IED attacks, similar to the February 2015 Copenhagen shootings at a cafe and a synagogue. Individuals and buildings associated with cartoon publications or satire of Islam, transportation hubs, Jewish assets, crowded public spaces in major cities such as Copenhagen and Aarhus, and government buildings and officials, are the likeliest targets.

Last update: June 21, 2019

War Risks

Denmark's geographic position at the mouth of the Baltic Sea and its NATO membership puts it at risk in the unlikely event of direct conflict between Russia and NATO. In such a scenario, Denmark would become a likely target for Russian airspace and marine incursions, posing risks of disruption to commercial air and sea traffic. Similar to Canada and Russia, Denmark has asserted its own sovereignty over the Arctic. However, disputes with these two countries are unlikely to escalate into an armed conflict.

Last update: November 13, 2018

Social Stability


Protests and strikes are likely to be peaceful and only lead to minor disruption. The influx of refugees in the past few years and the debate over contentious immigration laws considered or introduced by the government have raised the risk of pro- and anti-immigrant protests in Denmark. Although these protests tend to be peaceful, there is a moderate risk of violence, involving scuffles between protesters and security personnel.

Last update: November 13, 2018

Health Risk


Vaccines required to enter the country

No vaccinations are required to enter the country.

Vaccines recommended for all travelers

Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).

Vaccines recommended for some travelers

Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.

Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.

Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information


Denmark has an oceanic climate. Winters are never very cold (temperatures rarely drop below -5°C) thanks to the tempering influence of the ocean, but they are quite long. In the summer temperatures range between 18°C and 25°C during the day and nights are cool. Cool winds often pass through the country, lowering temperatures. Between the end of May and mid-September, days are long and nights are clear and cool. Beginning in October cold temperatures, winds, and clouds return and remain fixtures throughout the winter.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +45
Police: 112
Fire Dept.: 112
Ambulance: 112


Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz


Last update: April 5, 2019