Country Reports

Denmark Country Report

Content provided by
IHS Markit Logo

Risk Level

Very High


Executive Summary

The severe containment measures adopted by the Danish government in response to the COVID-19 virus outbreak in Denmark are likely to tip the economy into a recession, as activity across many service industries comes to a halt. For the full year, we expect the economy to contract by around 1%, but risks are on the downside.As a small and open economy with half of exports of goods and services going to the EU, Denmark relies on successful containment measures in surrounding countries and globally. The longer the pandemic continues, the bigger the disruption to supply chains, employment, and incomes. In a bid to halt the spreading of the COVID-19 virus outbreak, the government has imposed border restrictions, which will be in place until 12 April. This will mainly affect tourism and non-Danish nationals, who do not work in Denmark and/or do not have a “credible” reason to enter the country. Cargo – including transport of medicine, food, and other industry supplies – remains unaffected. However, the supply chain is likely to face delays. This is in addition to closed schools and universities and non-critical public-sector departments. Mette Frederiksen and her Social Democratic Party (Socialdemokraterne) won the June 2019 general election and later secured the backing of three other leftist parties, ensuring a parliamentary majority. The government has pledged to reverse the austerity cuts of the previous government, pledging increased spending on health and elderly care. In March 2020, the government also pledged to cover 75% of salaries for private companies until 9 June to help them with measures to curb the COVID-19 virus, under the condition that they will not dismiss any workers.
Last update: March 18, 2020

Operational Outlook

Denmark has a transparent regulatory system, excellent infrastructure, and efficient bureaucracy. The labour market is highly skilled and mobile. The government strongly supports the open economy and encourages foreign investment. Bribe requests or other corrupt practices are extremely rare and unlikely to affect commercial operations. Denmark is consistently ranked among the least corrupt countries in the world by civil society anti-corruption groups. The primary operational risks to investment stem from well-organised environmental activists and trade unions.

Last update: February 22, 2020



Jihadist intent to target Danish assets is high because of the Prophet Muhammad cartoons and Denmark's military involvement against the Islamic State. Given capability constraints and surveillance, firearm attacks by radicalised individuals or small groups against soft targets are more probable than co-ordinated IED attacks, similar to the February 2015 Copenhagen shootings at a cafe and a synagogue. Individuals and buildings associated with cartoon publications or satire of Islam, transportation hubs, Jewish assets, crowded public spaces in major cities such as Copenhagen and Aarhus, and government buildings and officials, are likely targets.

Last update: February 22, 2020


The April 2019 gun battle between two criminal gangs in the Copenhagen suburb of Rungsted highlights the potential for deadly gang violence in Denmark, and the conflict between criminal gangs persists. However, this incident notwithstanding, criminal violence has been on a downward trend since a previous peak in shootings in Copenhagen and Zealand in 2013. Since the introduction of the EU Schengen border regime in 2001, the free movement of people throughout the EU has made it easier for transnational criminals to smuggle illicit goods into Denmark. To combat this, Denmark and Sweden will likely continue active monitoring at the border through 2020 to counteract this.

Last update: February 25, 2020

War Risks

Denmark's geographic position at the mouth of the Baltic Sea and its NATO membership puts it at risk in the unlikely event of direct conflict between Russia and NATO. In such a scenario, Denmark would become a likely target for Russian airspace and marine incursions, posing risks of disruption to commercial air and sea traffic. Similar to Canada and Russia, Denmark has asserted its own sovereignty over the Arctic. However, disputes with these two countries are unlikely to escalate into armed conflict. The Danish territory of Greenland would likely be strategically important in a potential NATO-Russia conflict in the Arctic, however.

Last update: February 25, 2020

Social Stability


The influx of refugees in the past few years and the debate over contentious immigration laws considered or introduced by the previous government have raised the risk of pro- and anti-immigrant protests in Denmark, although these are set to decrease with the ruling pact between the Social Democrats and five parliamentary allies, which foresees the reversal of some of these measures. Although these protests tend to be peaceful, there is a moderate risk of violence, involving scuffles between protesters and security personnel. Recent disagreement regarding repatriation of foreign fighters has potential to reignite such protests, however.

Last update: February 25, 2020

Health Risk


Vaccines required to enter the country

No vaccinations are required to enter the country.

Vaccines recommended for all travelers

Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).

Vaccines recommended for some travelers

Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.

Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.

Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information


Denmark has an oceanic climate. Winters are never very cold (temperatures rarely drop below -5°C) thanks to the tempering influence of the ocean, but they are quite long. In the summer temperatures range between 18°C and 25°C during the day and nights are cool. Cool winds often pass through the country, lowering temperatures. Between the end of May and mid-September, days are long and nights are clear and cool. Beginning in October cold temperatures, winds, and clouds return and remain fixtures throughout the winter.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +45
Police: 112
Fire Dept.: 112
Ambulance: 112


Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz


Last update: April 5, 2019