Country Reports

Equatorial Guinea Country Report

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Risk Level

Very High


Executive Summary

President Obiang Nguema's re-election in April 2016 with 94% of the vote and the ruling PDGE's overwhelming victory in the November 2017 legislative, municipal, and senatorial elections cements the Obiang family's absolute control over the levers of power. This control is further strengthened by the family holding key government positions: President Obiang's son, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue (Teodorín), remains the second vice-president and heir-apparent whereas another son, Gabriel Obiang Lima, remains the minister of mines, industry, and energy.Despite a rapidly deteriorating economic situation, social unrest and protests remain rare because of the heavy-handed approach of security forces, the threat of reprisals, incarceration, and the lack of a well-organised opposition. Opposition members are routinely harassed and arbitrarily arrested, and the December 2017 coup attempt is also highly likely to accelerate government repression of political opposition.Despite the increase in oil prices in international markets (which represents more than 95% of export earnings), the government will still likely delay planned infrastructure projects, especially in the new capital city of Oyala due to lower fiscal receipts from declining crude oil production.Equatorial Guinea's economy will remain in recession in the short term, driven by hydrocarbon sector fragilities and ongoing fiscal consolidation efforts. The current-account balance will remain under pressure owing to faltering hydrocarbon exports.Government spending and investment will be squeezed in the next year or two, with budgetary cutbacks leading to slower nonoil growth as infrastructure and development projects are rationalised under the uncertain oil production environment.Weak domestic demand and a restrictive monetary policy stance by the Bank of Central African States will maintain consumer price inflation below the region's 3% convergence criterion.
Last update: June 15, 2019

Operational Outlook

Equatorial Guinea's economy is dominated by the hydrocarbons sector; there is little incentive to improve legislation or bureaucracy as opaque operating procedures favour the ruling elite's patrimonial system of control. Equatorial Guinea spent vast sums on improving its infrastructure, but many construction projects are affected by declining oil revenues. The labour force is relatively uneducated and lacking useful skills, forcing the country to import semi-skilled labour. Corruption is endemic at the highest level. Labour unrests are on the rise as salary arrears mount in many companies due to reduction of industry activity.

Last update: June 7, 2018



Evidence suggests that the kidnap of crews of support vessels closer to their bases is most probable, although the expanding oil and gas infrastructure on Bioko Island will continue to become opportunistic targets. The waters off Equatorial Guinea are within reach of Niger Delta-based pirates. In October 2017, six crew members of a Liberia-flagged containership were taken hostage off the coast of Equatorial Guinea, south of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, while en route from Malabo to Liberia's capital, Monrovia. The navy has been spending heavily to improve its capabilities in counteracting piracy, and the country has been playing an active part in regional counter-piracy initiatives and operations.

Last update: June 7, 2018

War Risks

Periodic disputes with neighbouring countries, especially Cameroon, are likely to occur, particularly as Equatorial Guinea seeks ways to retain border controls and visa restrictions despite adoption by the regional economic bloc of a free movement agreement. The alleged December 2017 coup attempt, thwarted in the Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea border, as well as the town of Mongomo, on the border with Gabon, could potentially lead to border closings and strain bilateral relations, which had been gradually improving. Although these disagreements and the aftermath of the coup attempt could provoke exchanges of small arms fire between border officials, it is unlikely to deteriorate into anything more serious.

Last update: June 7, 2018

Social Stability


Despite a rapidly deteriorating economic situation, social unrest and protests remain rare because of the heavy-handed approach of security forces, the threat of reprisals, incarceration, and the lack of a well-organised opposition. Shortage of cash by the government is likely to impact particularly on students, who will hold sporadic protests over the non-payment of scholarships and stipends, but security forces will not allow these to spill into commercial areas or disrupt cargo. Occasional demonstrations are probable over the issue of economic migrants, with the threat of violence most acute in towns close to the borders with Cameroon and Gabon.

Last update: June 7, 2018

Health Risk


Vaccines required to enter the country

Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travelers arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission.

Vaccines recommended for all travelers

Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).

Vaccines recommended for most travelers

Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.

Malaria: There is currently no malaria vaccine. However, various antimalarial prophylactics are available by prescription and can reduce risk of infection by up to 90 percent. Different medications are prescribed depending on the risk level and the strains of the virus present in the destination. Antimalarial tablets need to be taken throughout the trip to be effective and may need to be taken for as long as four weeks following the trip.

Typhoid fever: The typhoid fever vaccine can be administered via injection (administered in one dose) or orally (four doses). The vaccine is only 50-80 percent effective, so travelers to areas with a risk of exposure to typhoid fever, a bacterial disease, should also take hygienic precautions (e.g. drink only bottled water, avoid undercooked foods, wash hands regularly, etc.). Children can be given the shot beginning at two years of age (six for the oral vaccine).

Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is generally recommended for travelers over nine months of age. A single dose of YF vaccine is sufficient to confer sustained life-long immunity against the disease; it should be taken ten days in advance to be fully effective.

Vaccines recommended for some travelers

Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.

Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).

Last update: April 5, 2019

Natural Risks

Very high

Foreign visitors should note that the long rainy season lasts from March until November and often leads to difficult road conditions. Poor driving habits, substandard road quality, poor vehicle maintenance, and the absence of efficient emergency services render travel by car relatively hazardous. It is therefore necessary to always wear a seat belt and to keep important insurance, medical, and identification documents on hand.

Last update: April 5, 2019



A number of local and regional airlines serving Equatorial Guinea are on the EU's blacklist, meaning they are not allowed to fly within European airspace due to substandard safety measures.

It should also be noted that outside of the country's main cities there are few, if any, hotels. Hotels in Malabo and Bata are satisfactory and rapidly being developed. Furthermore, sanitation standards at many restaurants in rural areas are inadequate.

Last update: April 5, 2019


Finally, power outages are common, particularly during the dry season (April to October).

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information


Equatorial Guinea's climate is, unsurprisingly, equatorial, i.e. hot and wet (1.7 - 4 meters of annual rainfall). It rains more often in coastal regions. The rainy season lasts from May until October on Bioko Island (Malabo). A hot and dry wind (the “Tornado”) blows across the country from November until March. The ocean is warm and pleasant throughout the year.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +240
Malabo Central Police Station: 0927 79

Due to a lack of staff and resources, police usually do not act outside their districts.


Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz


Last update: April 5, 2019