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Country Reports

Federated States of Micronesia Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is heavily dependent on US financial aid, administered through the 2003 Compact of Free Association agreement in return for the US's indefinite 'exclusive territorial control'. Fishing remains the dominant industry, followed by subsistence farming. Tourism is growing but is hampered by poor infrastructure, limited international communication links, and strong regional competition. FSM's four states maintain substantial autonomy over their budgets and aid distribution. Overfishing and large-scale unemployment increase the risk of civil unrest, although protests will probably be small. Peter Christian's government is likely to remain unchallenged until elections in 2019.

Last update: March 27, 2018

Operational Outlook

Corruption and potential conflicts of interest between the many business interests of national, state, and municipal officials have been cited as an impediment to business operations by the Investment Climate Statements and the US Department of State. Several ex-national government officials have been convicted on corruption charges under the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)'s Financial Management Act, usually for fraud in procurement. These risks persist: there have been no reports of significant improvement in the transparency of government procurement processes or declaration of business interests. FSM's constitution allows trade unions in the small private sector, but none have been established.

Last update: March 27, 2018

Terrorism

Low

There is no known terrorist activity, including financing, in Micronesia.

Last update: March 27, 2018

War Risks

Moderate

Micronesia enjoys the protection of the United States in security matters. It faces no known threat from neighbouring states.

Last update: March 27, 2018

Social Stability

Low

Protests are rare and any demonstrations that occur over the coming year are very unlikely to damage any property or significantly disrupt traffic or business.

Last update: March 27, 2018

Health Risk

Severe

Vaccinations required to enter the country

No vaccinations are required to enter the country.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: December 2, 2013

Natural Risks

Severe

Micronesia’s is situated, on average, only 1 m (3.3 ft) above sea level and is therefore highly vulnerable to changes in sea levels caused by climate change. Furthermore, the country is at risk for cyclones between June and December, with a peak in storm activity occurring in August and September. Between April and May 2015, three typhoons hit the country (five killed during Super Typhoon Maysak: several thousand people evacuated). During such events, significant disruptions to transportation services on the islands often occur and last-minute flight cancelations cannot be ruled out.

Last update: February 13, 2018

Transportation

Low

Roads - unpaved outside of cities - are usually in sub-standard condition. Public transit (buses) are available on Yap Island. Travel between islands is done by boat.

Last update: February 13, 2018

Practical Information

Climate

Micronesia has a tropical climate with relatively steady temperatures throughout the year. Conditions are generally hot and humid but cooling winds often pass over the archipelago. The wet season lasts from May to October. Cyclone season lasts from June to December, with a peak of storms striking in late August/early September.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +691
in Chuuk, Kosrae et Yap  
Emergency Services: 911
in Pohnpei  
Emergency Services: 320-221

Electricity

Voltage: 120 V ~ 60 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: January 7, 2014