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Country Reports

Gabon Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

President Ali Bongo finally addressed the nation on 8 June in a recorded televised speech, calling for a new government to be installed. This came 11 weeks after his "definitive" return to Gabon on 23 March 2019, five months after suffering a stroke in Saudi Arabia and subsequently recuperating in Morocco. He spent most of April abroad again, and the slow pace of his return to public duties undermines claims he can provide the leadership to improve the country's dismal economic situation and heavy indebtedness.Gabon's new Petroleum Code is awaiting ratification by the Constitutional Court. It includes revisions to production-sharing contracts and specific fiscal terms for gas developments for the first time. It will give oil companies greater flexibility to operate in different price environments compared with the punitive 2014 version of the code, which was swiftly replaced. Despite faltering oil production, Gabon's current-account deficit is expected to narrow substantially over the next two years, helped by strong agricultural (wood, rubber, and palm oil) and mineral (manganese and iron) exports. Additional support will come from an anticipated deceleration in capital goods imports under the government's ongoing fiscal consolidation plan under the IMF's Extended Fund Facility programme. Debilitating and frequent strikes remain likely in the public sector as unions resist a stringent austerity programme introduced in late June 2018. A key driver of protests is the steady accumulation of wage arrears, which already exceed a year in various government departments.Cancellation of the contract of utility provider SEEG in February 2018 is likely to have a long-term damaging impact on Gabon's reputation with international investors, even though the case was settled in February 2019 with Gabon paying compensation. A catalogue of unpaid debts to government contractors is a further deterrent.
Last update: August 8, 2019

Operational Outlook

The country continues to struggle with a legacy of bureaucracy, red tape, and corruption. Labour costs remain high and employers repeatedly complain of a lack of well-qualified personnel, while strikes are frequent over unpaid salaries, lack of jobs and high living costs. An extensive civil service austerity programme introduced in June 2018 remains likely to provoke major strike action by unions, disrupting much of government business. The existence of well-connected corruption networks was illustrated in 2019 by the seizure and subsequent disappearance of hundreds of containers of rare tropical hardwood. An ingrained culture of high-level graft means funds continue to be siphoned off from major expenditure, despite Gabon's surging debt levels.

Last update: July 6, 2019

Terrorism

Moderate

Domestic terrorism had historically been non-existent in Gabon until a knife attack on two Danish journalists at a Libreville market in December 2017. This is highly likely to remain an isolated incident, with no evidence of outside support for the lone perpetrator. The presence of a French army base in Libreville improves security capabilities beyond local capacities in the event of any developing threat. The only substantial source of concern is piracy in the Gulf of Guinea. A reported incident took place off Libreville in August 2018, the first for more than four years, but there are grounds to doubt it was perpetrated by pirates.

Last update: July 12, 2019

Crime

Crime of almost all types is far less prevalent in Gabon than most other sub-Saharan African countries. Petty theft is the most common offence, though violent crime is on the rise in urban areas as economic hardship persists, and there have been armed robberies in homes, restaurants, and at beaches frequented by foreigners. Gabon has long been a destination and transit country for children from poorer West African countries trafficked for forced labour and prostitution. Some victims transit through Gabon en route to exploitation in Equatorial Guinea, but Gabon is also a final destination because of its relative wealth for the region.

Last update: July 12, 2019

War Risks

Gabon enjoys stable relationships with neighbouring countries and war risks are minimal. The presence of French forces is a deterrent to any acts of aggression by neighbours. Risks are diminishing further due to Gabon’s integration in the Central African regional African Union standby brigade, and increasing security co-operation with neighbours. Civil war risks are moderate despite simmering resentment over the grip on power enjoyed by the Bongo family and its Téké clan. This was underlined by the lack of public and security force response to an appeal on 7 January 2019 by coup plotters to join them in unseating the then absent convalescent president Ali Bongo.

Last update: July 12, 2019

Social Stability

Very high

The outlook for civil unrest is dominated by union responses to a wide-ranging programme of public-sector austerity measures introduced by the government in late June 2018. A general strike is still a strong possibility at some point, with a high risk of regular, prolonged, and disruptive protests featuring several thousand participants. Political protest has remained muted after the October 2018 legislative elections showed how weak and divided the opposition has become since almost unseating President Bongo in the 2016 poll. This was underlined by the lack of any significant response to Bongo spending five months out of the country after suffering a stroke before finally returning in March 2019.

Last update: July 12, 2019

Health Risk

Severe

Vaccinations required to enter the country

Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required if traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and over one year of age.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).

Malaria: Recommended preventive medication - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam) or doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Natural Risks

Very high

During the rainy season (October to December and February to April), torrential rainfall can cause significant material damages, including in Libreville.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Transportation

Elevated

Except for Libreville and Port Gentil, where roads are paved but poorly maintained, road infrastructure throughout the country is limited and in poor condition. During the rainy season (October to December and February to April), driving conditions are often hazardous, rendering driving impossible on some roads. In general, roads have little or no lighting. There is also a risk from dangerous driving habits (speeding, uncertain driving, untimely overruns, etc.).

Outside major cities, all travel should be conducted during the day with an all-terrain vehicle (4x4) stocked with adequate supplies of water, food, and fuel. It is also advised to ensure that the vehicle contains mechanical spare parts (wheels, cables, etc.) and has effective means of telecommunication.

In the event of a traffic accident, it is recommended to immediately travel to the nearest police station due to the risk of potentially hostile reactions from local drivers and the public.

It is important to stop at any roadblocks erected by the security forces, both in cities and in rural areas, and be prepared to present necessary documentation (e.g. passport, visa, car registration details, etc.).

Public transportation (e.g. minibuses) should be avoided due to drivers' risky behaviors and the vehicles poor maintenance. Never hail taxis on the street.

Several local airlines serve various cities of the country. However, some are on the list of airlines banned from operating in the European Union (the so-called blacklist).

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information

Climate

Gabon's climate is equatorial, hot, and very humid. The country experiences a rainy season from October until December and then a second, more intense rainy season from February until April. The long dry seasons last from May until September and the short dry season from December until January. Temperatures are high all year long (usually between 23°C and 26°C), going as low as 18°C (July) and as high as 35°C (April). The country also receives between 2 and 4 meters of rainfall annually.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +241
Police-Emergency: 117

Electricity

Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: April 5, 2019