Germany Country Report
Germany is usually a favourable business and investment destination but there is currently a heightened risk of disruptions caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus outbreak and related emergency measures. Labour unions have substantial influence on policy-making, while industrial action mostly affects the aviation, metalworking, railway, and cargo sectors. Industrial action in the aviation sector is likely, given the effects of the ongoing health crisis on airlines and their employees. Corruption risks are low, with strong anti-corruption enforcement mechanisms in place. A new online registry to secure fair competition is envisaged to become operational by end-2020. Companies listed there for their involvement in corruption will be excluded from public tenders.
Germany faces a heightened risk of jihadist terrorist attacks launched by lone actors or small cells directly linked to non-state militant groups such as the Islamic State or inspired by their ideology. Soft targets, such as transport hubs, bars and restaurants, music and sport venues, shopping centres, or public spaces near tourist attractions, are likely to be most at risk. In addition, incidents such as the February 2020 Hanau shooting attack, the murder of regional politician Walter Lübcke, and the October 2019 synagogue shooting in Halle demonstrate an increased risk stemming from either organised or individual far-right terrorism targeting individuals perceived to be migrants, Jewish communities, or politicians.
Germany faces threats from various forms of organised crime, including money laundering, illegal weapons transfers, data theft, and human trafficking. Transnational smuggling networks are increasingly hard to track without rigorous international co-operation. Latest statistics published by the Interior Ministry in March 2020 point to a decrease in burglaries and violent crime overall, while cyber crime and online child pornography have increased in numbers. The German authorities assess that the line between organised crime and terrorism is becoming increasingly blurred. The heightened risk of jihadist and far-right terrorist attacks over recent years has led to contested calls for a more centralised police response in matters of constitutional defence.
Inter-state war risks are likely to remain very low because of Germany's friendly diplomatic and economic relations with its neighbours and many other states around the world. The country is closely integrated into the EU, NATO, and other international organisations, and its support for international security missions is set to intensify. Moreover, Germany's defence budget is being raised under Defence Secretary Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, including further investment in cyber security to avert digital attacks on online networks and weapons systems. US President Donald Trump’s decision in June 2020 to reduce the number of US troops based in Germany will not alter the country’s low war risk.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
No vaccinations are required to enter the country.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Tick-Borne Encephalitis: For stays in rural zones and for hiking enthusiasts (for children over the age of one).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Heavy snowfall during winter can significantly disrupt traffic, especially outside urban areas. Air and rail travel are most affected by winter weather conditions. Flooding during autumn and winter is possible. In January 2017, the northeast of the country was touched by Storm Axel (the most severe storm since 2006), which was responsible for costly material damage.
Over 3475 road deaths have been reported throughout 2015 in Germany (4.3 road deaths per 100,000 inhabitants). Road maintenance can seem less extensive in some other western European countries. The road network is, however, in a satisfactory state. Driving can be dangerous during winter, especially in the east.
Vehicle exclusion zones exist in some city centers. Pedestrians and drivers are advised to be careful of the many cyclists in Germany. Moreover, pedestrians who fail to comply with prohibitions on crossing the street when streetlights are red risk the assessment of a fine, and are liable in the event of an accident.
The rail network is excellent; frequent and rapid service links principal German and European cities.
Due to the ongoing migrant crisis and consequent border checkpoints implemented between Denmark, Sweden, Austria, and Germany, public transportation between these four countries can be disrupted. Allow ample time for your journey when traveling by road, train, or ferry.
Germany has a continental climate: very hot and dry in the summer and cold and rainy in the winter. In the north of the country, along the Baltic coast, the climate is more temperate (humid and cooler in the summer).
|Police:||110 or 112|
|Fire Dept., Ambulance:||112|
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz