Germany Country Report
Germany is likely to maintain its favourable business and investment environment benefiting from a highly skilled workforce overall during the current administrative term and also in the event of possible early elections. Labour unions have substantial influence on policy-making; industrial action particularly affects the aviation, metalworking, railway, and cargo sectors, while union protests against international IT companies are also likely. Corruption risks are low, with strong anti-corruption enforcement mechanisms in place. A new law to establish a register (Wettbewerbsregister) of companies whose executives have been found guilty of corruption charges is set to come into force in 2020. Companies listed there will be excluded from public tenders.
Germany faces a heightened risk of both low-capability and more sophisticated terrorist attacks launched by lone actors or small cells directly linked to non-state militant groups such as the Islamic State or inspired by their ideology. Soft targets, such as transport hubs, bars and restaurants, music and sport venues, shopping centres, or public spaces near tourist attractions, are likely to be most at risk. Incidents such as the murder of regional politician Walter Lübcke and the October 2019 synagogue shooting with improvised firearms in Halle demonstrate an increased risk stemming from either organised or individual far-right terrorism.
Germany faces threats from various forms of organised crime, including money laundering, illegal weapons transfers, data theft, and human trafficking. Transnational smuggling networks are increasingly hard to track without rigorous international co-operation. The German authorities assess that the line between organised crime and terrorism is becoming increasingly blurred and that Islamist extremists are raising funds for terrorist activity through criminal means. The heightened risk of terrorist attacks over recent years has led to contested calls for a more centralised police response in matters of constitutional defence. In December 2019, the government announced steps to significantly boost the fight against far-right activism.
Inter-state war risks are likely to remain very low because of Germany's friendly diplomatic and economic relations with its neighbours and many other states around the world. The country is closely integrated into the EU, NATO, and other international organisations, and its support for international security missions is set to intensify. A new NATO command centre is to be built in the southern German city of Ulm as a response to Russia's Eastern Europe policy. Moreover, Germany's defence budget is being raised under Defence Secretary Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, including further investment in cyber security to avert digital attacks on online networks and weapons systems.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
No vaccinations are required to enter the country.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Tick-Borne Encephalitis: For stays in rural zones and for hiking enthusiasts (for children over the age of one).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Heavy snowfall during winter can significantly disrupt traffic, especially outside urban areas. Air and rail travel are most affected by winter weather conditions. Flooding during autumn and winter is possible. In January 2017, the northeast of the country was touched by Storm Axel (the most severe storm since 2006), which was responsible for costly material damage.
Over 3475 road deaths have been reported throughout 2015 in Germany (4.3 road deaths per 100,000 inhabitants). Road maintenance can seem less extensive in some other western European countries. The road network is, however, in a satisfactory state. Driving can be dangerous during winter, especially in the east.
Vehicle exclusion zones exist in some city centers. Pedestrians and drivers are advised to be careful of the many cyclists in Germany. Moreover, pedestrians who fail to comply with prohibitions on crossing the street when streetlights are red risk the assessment of a fine, and are liable in the event of an accident.
The rail network is excellent; frequent and rapid service links principal German and European cities.
Due to the ongoing migrant crisis and consequent border checkpoints implemented between Denmark, Sweden, Austria, and Germany, public transportation between these four countries can be disrupted. Allow ample time for your journey when traveling by road, train, or ferry.
Germany has a continental climate: very hot and dry in the summer and cold and rainy in the winter. In the north of the country, along the Baltic coast, the climate is more temperate (humid and cooler in the summer).
|Police:||110 or 112|
|Fire Dept., Ambulance:||112|
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz