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Country Reports

Grenada Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

The ruling New National Party (NNP) under Prime Minister Keith Mitchell controls all 15 seats in the House of Representatives with no signs of internal party splits that would jeopardise the government’s ability to stay in power within the next 12 months. Despite the public’s repeated rejection of Mitchell’s preference for Grenada to accede to the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) as its final Appellate court, the prime minister remains popular. Given its present lack of parliamentary representation, the opposition National Democratic Congress (NDC) has a low chance of winning at the next election, scheduled for 2023. Grenada’s economy is primarily reliant on tourism, which represents the main source of foreign-exchange earnings, and the construction sector. Tourism remains highly vulnerable to natural disasters and the economic performance of the US and European markets. The government is also working to develop the country’s hydrocarbon potential. For 2019, IHS Markit forecasts 3.4% economic growth. The government is pro-business and committed to fiscally responsible policies, with the citizenship by investment programme an important source of revenues. The risk of large-scale violent protests is low-medium. During 2018, there were a series of short-term labour stoppages by local trade unions. Plans announced by the government in 2019 to increase the pension age, and also to make changes to the National Insurance Scheme from January 2020, increase the likelihood of further protests in the coming year.The primary risk to visitors is theft and sexual assault, however the country has one of the lower crime rates in the Caribbean, with a murder rate of 9 victims per 100,000 inhabitants. The Royal Grenada Police Force recorded a 6.2% year-on-year reduction in all reported crimes in 2018. Grenada's Sexual Abuse Unit Inspector statistics, however, reported in 30 January 2019 that there had been 294 reported sexual assault incidents in 2018, a 47.7% increase compared to 2017.
Last update: September 18, 2019

Operational Outlook

Grenada welcomes foreign investment. The country has well-developed infrastructure by regional standards, due in part to support from regional governments, international organisations, and the private sector. Regionally, Grenada has lower levels of crime than most of its neighbours. The labour movement does not represent an operational constraint, although occasional strikes can occur. Limited state capacity means that bureaucracy is often slow, although corruption is not a major concern.

Last update: September 25, 2019

Terrorism

Moderate

There are no terrorist groups with the intention or capability to conduct terrorist attacks against state or commercial assets in the country. The main security threat is crime. The murder rate is relatively low at nine murders per 100,000 inhabitants.

Last update: September 25, 2019

Crime

Grenada’s murder rate is much lower than the regional average. Incidents of petty crime increase in the run-up to annual festivities such as the August Carnival, while rates of burglaries are relatively high throughout the year. In December 2018, the Royal Grenada Police Force said that reported crimes had decreased by 5% compared with a year earlier. During the first half of 2019, there was a 35% annual rise in the number of physical attacks on police officers compared with the same period in 2018, from 40 to 54 cases. During this period there was a 13% decrease in the number of reported sexual offences, from 227 to 197.

Last update: September 25, 2019

War Risks

Interstate war risks are low. In common with other small states in the Eastern Caribbean, Grenada’s foreign relations initiatives are shaped by its need to diversify economic development, and an ongoing search for donors and market opportunities. The country’s relationships with its regional neighbours and the United States are friendly.

Last update: September 25, 2019

Social Stability

Moderate

Protest and riot risks are low to medium. Politically and economically motivated demonstrations, including those by public-sector workers (notably teachers), occasionally occur but are unlikely to result in violence or lead to action that could destabilise the government. Plans announced by the government in 2019 to increase the pension age from 60 to 65, and also to increase the monthly contributions from both employers and employees to the National Insurance Scheme by 1% from January 2020 make low-scale protests likely in the next year.

Last update: September 25, 2019

Health Risk

Very high

Vaccines required to enter the country

Yellow fever: There is no risk of contracting yellow fever in Grenada. However, the government requires proof of vaccination for travelers arriving from countries with a risk of yellow fever transmission. A single dose of YF vaccine is sufficient to confer sustained life-long immunity against the disease.

Vaccines recommended for all travelers

Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).

Vaccines recommended for most travelers

Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.

Typhoid fever: The typhoid fever vaccine can be administered via injection (administered in one dose) or orally (four doses). The vaccine is only 50-80 percent effective, so travelers to areas with a risk of exposure to typhoid fever, a bacterial disease, should also take hygienic precautions (e.g. drink only bottled water, avoid undercooked foods, wash hands regularly, etc.). Children can be given the shot beginning at two years of age (six for the oral vaccine).

Vaccines recommended for some travelers

Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.

Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).

Last update: April 5, 2019

Natural Risks

Severe

Travelers should be aware that Granada is located in a region often struck by hurricanes and tropical storms from June to November. Detailed information regarding all storm activity is available at the National Hurricane Center's website. 

Grenada is located near the Kick 'em Jenny submarine volcano. A major volcanic eruption could potentially trigger a tsunami that could affect a number of Caribbean islands, including Grenada. Kick 'em Jenny erupts on average every 11 years; the last eruption dates back to 2001. 

Earthquakes can strike the Caribbean region.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Transportation

Low

Road infrastructure (road conditions, lighting, signage) is generally in poor condition, particularly on secondary and minor roads. Drivers should be particularly cautious at night outside tourist areas. 

To drive in Grenada (on the left-hand side of the road in this former British colony), foreigners must obtain a temporary local license. Visitors should contact their rental agency for more information.

For safety and security reasons, only licensed taxis should be used. As taxis do not have meters, it is advisable to agree on a fare prior to departure.

Mustique Airways - an airline that services Grenada and is based out of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - has been placed on the EU "blacklist" of airlines banned from operating in EU airspace due to subpar safety standards. Travel on Mustique Airways flights is, therefore, not advised.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information

Climate

Grenada's climate is tropical, with temperatures ranging between 24°C and 30°C all year long (temperatures are lower at higher elevations). The dry season extends from February to May and the rainy season from June to December. Annual rainfall is the highest in mountainous and coastal regions.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +1 473
Police: 911

Electricity

Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: April 5, 2019