Back

Country Reports

Grenada Country Report

Content provided by
IHS Markit Logo

Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

The ruling New National Party (NNP) under Prime Minister Keith Mitchell controls all 15 seats in the House of Representatives with no signs of a split that would jeopardise the government’s ability to stay in power within the next 12 months. Mitchell is pro-business, wants to attract foreign direct investment through a citizenship by investment programme, and supported a 2% tax reduction for corporates and individuals in the 2019 budget. He has supported a debt restructuring programme implemented with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) since 2014 and remains highly committed to the implementation of fiscally responsible policies. Important growth drivers in Grenada tend to be the tourism industry, which is the main source of foreign-exchange earnings, and the construction sector. Tourism is highly vulnerable to tropical storms and hurricanes as well as the economic performance of the US and key European countries. Economic growth will receive moderate negative pressure from Brexit but our latest forecast projects Grenadian real GDP expanding roughly 3.6% in 2019.In October 2018, the OECD listed Grenada's Citizenship by Investment programme as high-risk for its potential to facilitate tax evasion. Grenada responded by joining the Inclusive Framework on the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) and in March 2019 the European Union removed the country from its tax haven and money laundering black lists. The primary risk to visitors is theft and sexual assault but the country has one of the lower crime rates in the Caribbean, with a murder rate of 9 victims per 100,000 inhabitants. The Royal Grenada Police Force also recorded a 6.2% year-on-year reduction in all reported crimes in 2018. Grenada's Sexual Abuse Unit Inspector statistics, however, reported on 30 January 2019 that there had been 294 reported sexual assault incidents in 2018, a 47.7% increase compared to 2017.
Last update: April 25, 2019

Operational Outlook

Grenada welcomes foreign investment. The country’s infrastructure has recovered following natural disasters in the mid-2000s, thanks in part to support from regional governments, international organisations, and the private sector. Regionally, Grenada has lower levels of crime than most of its neighbours. The labour movement does not represent an operational constraint as disruptive strikes are rare. Limited state capacity means that bureaucracy is often slow, although corruption is not a major concern.

Last update: April 25, 2019

Terrorism

Moderate

There are no terrorist groups with the intention or capability to conduct terrorist attacks against state or commercial assets in the country. The main security threat is crime. The murder rate is relatively low at nine murders per 100,000 inhabitants.

Last update: November 14, 2018

War Risks

Interstate war risks are low. In common with other small states in the Eastern Caribbean, Grenada’s foreign relations initiatives are shaped by its need to diversify economic development, and an ongoing search for donors and market opportunities. The country’s relationships with its regional neighbours and the United States are friendly.

Last update: April 25, 2019

Social Stability

Moderate

Protest and riot risks are low. Politically and economically motivated demonstrations, including those by public-sector workers, occasionally take place but are unlikely to result in violence or large demonstrations that could destabilise the government. Over the past year, the most active protest groups have been unions in the education sector.

Last update: April 25, 2019

Health Risk

Very high

Vaccines required to enter the country

Yellow fever: There is no risk of contracting yellow fever in Grenada. However, the government requires proof of vaccination for travelers arriving from countries with a risk of yellow fever transmission. A single dose of YF vaccine is sufficient to confer sustained life-long immunity against the disease.

Vaccines recommended for all travelers

Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).

Vaccines recommended for most travelers

Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.

Typhoid fever: The typhoid fever vaccine can be administered via injection (administered in one dose) or orally (four doses). The vaccine is only 50-80 percent effective, so travelers to areas with a risk of exposure to typhoid fever, a bacterial disease, should also take hygienic precautions (e.g. drink only bottled water, avoid undercooked foods, wash hands regularly, etc.). Children can be given the shot beginning at two years of age (six for the oral vaccine).

Vaccines recommended for some travelers

Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.

Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).

Last update: April 5, 2019

Natural Risks

Severe

Travelers should be aware that Granada is located in a region often struck by hurricanes and tropical storms from June to November. Detailed information regarding all storm activity is available at the National Hurricane Center's website. 

Grenada is located near the Kick 'em Jenny submarine volcano. A major volcanic eruption could potentially trigger a tsunami that could affect a number of Caribbean islands, including Grenada. Kick 'em Jenny erupts on average every 11 years; the last eruption dates back to 2001. 

Earthquakes can strike the Caribbean region.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Transportation

Low

Road infrastructure (road conditions, lighting, signage) is generally in poor condition, particularly on secondary and minor roads. Drivers should be particularly cautious at night outside tourist areas. 

To drive in Grenada (on the left-hand side of the road in this former British colony), foreigners must obtain a temporary local license. Visitors should contact their rental agency for more information.

For safety and security reasons, only licensed taxis should be used. As taxis do not have meters, it is advisable to agree on a fare prior to departure.

Mustique Airways - an airline that services Grenada and is based out of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - has been placed on the EU "blacklist" of airlines banned from operating in EU airspace due to subpar safety standards. Travel on Mustique Airways flights is, therefore, not advised.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information

Climate

Grenada's climate is tropical, with temperatures ranging between 24°C and 30°C all year long (temperatures are lower at higher elevations). The dry season extends from February to May and the rainy season from June to December. Annual rainfall is the highest in mountainous and coastal regions.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +1 473
Police: 911

Electricity

Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: April 5, 2019