Hungary Country Report
Historically, attitudes towards foreign investment have generally been positive and Hungary has benefitted from strong foreign direct investment inflows. Nonetheless, several measures of the Fidesz government – such as ad-hoc taxes on selected industries in which foreign companies mainly operate – and its often arbitrary legislation and appetite for centralisation have made Hungary's operational environment less predictable. Red tape remains cumbersome. High-level corruption and clientelism is likely to remain a problem, particularly in government- and EU-funded infrastructure projects. Labour rules are flexible and militancy low, but weak mobility, a rigid education system, and emigration have caused a shortage of workers; in turn boosting wage demands and strike risks.
The record-high influx of refugees via Hungary into the EU increased national concerns regarding potential terrorist attacks, particularly in the wake of numerous acts of terrorism in Western Europe since 2015. Hungarian treatment of refugees has been controversial, including the use of force (tear gas and water cannons) to maintain order at borders. That being said, the country remains an unlikely target of Islamist militant groups. Ethnically motivated violence, targeted primarily at members of the Roma and various immigrant communities, is the primary terrorism risk in Hungary.
Homicide rates have fluctuated in recent years, but are largely in line with the EU average and very low in a global comparison. Reported crime rates have fallen in recent years, but mostly because of statistical methodology changes and legal amendments related to definitions of crimes and misdemeanours. Fraud, including some high-profile cases, remains problematic, while drug use and related criminal activities are rising in some poor rural areas and pockets of the capital, Budapest. Thefts of unattended vehicles, and pick-pocketing on public transport, remain common in Budapest. Car thefts are often carried out by foreign gangs, which then export the cars. In organised crime, transnational gangs (mostly originating from Balkan countries) increasingly dominate areas such as drugs and people trafficking, counterfeiting, and money laundering.
The risk of Hungary being involved in an inter-state military conflict or the likelihood of civil war occurring in the country is low. The issue of Hungarian minorities occasionally tests diplomatic ties between Hungary and its neighbours (mainly Slovakia, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine), but this is highly likely to be contained at the diplomatic and political level. Hungary is also part of the EU (alongside Slovakia and Romania), which mitigates the risk further; whereas its membership in NATO (likewise alongside Slovakia and Romania) will act as an additional forceful deterrent against external assault.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
No vaccinations are required to enter the country.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).
Tick-Borne Encephalitis: For stays in rural zones and for hiking enthusiasts (for children over the age of one).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Hungary has a moderate continental climate.
Winters are harsh and snowy; summers are long and can become quite hot and thunderstorms are common. The country receives large amounts of rain in February and March.
|Police:||107 or 112|
|Tourist Police:||438 80 80|
|Fire Dept.:||105 or 112|
|Ambulance:||104 or 311 16 66 or 112|
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz