Indonesia Country Report
President Jokowi seeks to continue to streamline permits and regulations during his second and final term by giving greater power to the Investment Coordinating Board to issue permits for investors. The government also plans to liberalise the labour market by introducing an “Omnibus” job creation law, a bill that is likely to be opposed by labour unions through strikes and protests. The revision of a law governing Indonesia’s anti-graft body, the KPK, is likely to make the agency less effective, embolden corrupt officials, and increase the demand for bribery payments.
Following suicide attacks by Islamic State-affiliated militants in May 2018, Indonesia has further intensified efforts to counter terrorism and pre-emptively disrupt terrorist cells, including via a new law. However, Islamic State-inspired cells are still active across the country; therefore, frequent, low-capability attacks continue to remain probable. Separately, a resurgent insurgency movement in the Papua region will probably lead to increased attacks against security forces and workers of the Trans-Papua Highway project. The threat, however, remains limited in scope and capability.
Street crime remains an issue in major urban centres such as greater Jakarta, Medan, and Surabaya. The most common types of crime are vehicle theft, residential break-ins, and pickpocketing. Organised criminal networks are pervasive, particularly in major cities, ranging from street gangs that extort money from small businesses to politically connected paramilitary organisations that are sometimes deployed to intimidate residents in land procurement for agri-business or construction projects. Members of these groups are referred to as "preman", a term that embraces anyone from a street gangster to a sophisticated criminal group with ties to the elite.
China's territorial claims in the South China Sea overlap with the Exclusive Economic Zone of Indonesia's Natuna Islands: in July 2017, Indonesia renamed waters to the northeast of Natuna Islands as "North Natuna Sea", claiming sovereignty over the area. There has since been a risk of limited confrontation between both sides involving Chinese coastguard and fishing vessels and Indonesian naval and coastguard ships. In the Celebes Sea, Indonesia and Malaysia are engaged in a maritime boundary dispute over the Ambalat block. However, strong bilateral relations indicate that a deterioration of the situation involving armed forces is unlikely.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required if traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever transmission and over nine months of age.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Yellow Fever: A vaccine is available for children over the age of one year.
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).
Japanese Encephalitis: For stays of longer than one month in a rural zone during the rainy season (for children over the age of one). The vaccine is administered in a local medical facility.
Malaria: Recommended preventive medication (with the exception of a trip to Bali) - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam) or doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
As of early June 2015, Mount Sinabung volcano (Karo district, North Sumatra) has shown signs of major volcanic activity (clouds of burning ash, projections of rock, and lava flows), forcing authorities to evacuate those who live up to 13 km (8.1 mi) from the volcano.
Boating enthusiasts should be aware that acts of piracy regularly occur in Indonesian waters.
It should be noted that all means of transportation are affected by generally poor travel conditions. While the entirety of Indonesian airlines was on the EU’s blacklist at one time, in January 2009, the European Commission removed restrictions on Garuda, Mandala, Airfast, and Premiair airlines, citing significant progress in security conditions.
On June 9, 2015, Indonesia waived the entry visa requirement for French tourists.
Indonesia's climate is tropical with high levels of humidity and relatively stable temperatures.
There are two seasons: the wet monsoon season from November to March (abundant rain) and the dry monsoon season from April to October (dry winds). Temperatures are constant throughout the year along the coast and in low elevation zones (between 25°C and 30°C). Temperatures are lower in mountainous regions.
|Police:||110 (or 911 in Bali)|
Voltage: 127/230 V ~ 50 Hz