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Country Reports

Ireland Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

Despite the fragmented political landscape that resulted from the inconclusive 2016 general election, the FG-led government is relatively stable and the economy is expected to continue its strong recovery in the one-year outlook. Brexit poses the main risk to the Irish economy in the coming years, due to the strong trade partnership between Ireland and the UK. Although there is an increased likelihood of an election being called in late 2018, any potential change in government is unlikely to significantly alter policy-making, or Ireland’s attractive tax regime. The relatively peaceful industrial relations climate will continue to work in Ireland’s favour.

Last update: July 5, 2018

Operational Outlook

Ireland’s business environment is efficient and the infrastructure network is reasonably well-developed. Dublin and Cork are particular magnets for foreign investment. One disadvantage is that consumer prices are among the highest in the Eurozone, undermining business competiveness. Although the position of public-sector trade unions remains strong, barely any mass industrial action causing serious business disruption has taken place since 2010. Despite the widespread public perception that corruption is prevalent at the local level, corruption is not a hindrance to everyday business activities.

Last update: October 9, 2018

Terrorism

Moderate

Although there is no precedent of jihadist plots, there is nonetheless a moderate risk of low-capability lone-actor attacks perpetrated by radicalised individuals. Despite recent anti-terrorism drills, it is unlikely that such an attack would be met with an effective and comprehensive multi-agency response. Jihadists may attempt to use Ireland as a staging post for attacks against the UK – regarded as a more high-profile target – because of the lower capabilities of its security forces and the ease of travel between the countries. Similarly, there is a threat of dissident republican groups using Ireland as an operating base, but only to carry out attacks in Northern Ireland.

Last update: October 9, 2018

Social Stability

Moderate

Unrest causing business interruption lasting more than one day or asset damage remains highly unlikely in the medium-term outlook. Social and industrial relations are highly unlikely to deteriorate substantially over the coming year, reducing the risk of mass protests or labour strikes. Austerity measures led to large-scale protests in Dublin in late 2014, while protests against newly adopted water charges continued until early 2016. These charges were suspended from June 2016 and are unlikely to be reinstated. The government plans to deliver an expansionary budget for 2019 for the fifth consecutive year, ensuring that protest risks remain low.

Last update: October 9, 2018

Health Risk

Elevated

Vaccinations required to enter the country

No vaccinations are required to enter the country.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: November 28, 2013

Natural Risks

Elevated

Many ferry services run between Ireland and the United Kingdom; delays and cancellations due to adverse weather conditions sometimes occur, particularly in winter months.

Adverse winter weather conditions have also been known to disrupt road and air travel.

Last update: February 13, 2018

Transportation

Low

Driving is on the left-hand side of the road, and the drivers' seat in local cars is on the right-hand side of the car. The road network is very well-maintained, except in the countryside where roads can be very narrow with poor lighting. Speed limits are 50 km/h (30 mph) in urban areas (with the exception of Dublin where a speed limit of 30 km/h [20 mph] has been introduced), 60-100 km/h (40-70 mph) outside urban areas according to road signs, and 110 km/h (70 mph) on highways. Traffic wardens are very strict about parking; it is advised to refer to the official Rules of the Road before driving in Ireland.

Public transportation is efficient and safe. Most major cities are well-served by an extensive bus network. Dublin has two train stations, Heuston Station and Connolly Station, each linking the capital to western/southern regions, and to northern regions (including Northern Ireland) respectively. Dublin International Airport (DUB), as well as Cork (ORK) and Shannon (SNN) airports, offer regular flights to most European and American cities throughout the year.

Dublin counts around 13,000 taxis; they all feature yellow "for hire" signage on the roof that reads "taxi" or "tacsi." Most of them are equipped with meters. Although it is considered safe to hail a taxi off the streets, it is recommended to book one in advance from a licensed taxi company.

Last update: February 13, 2018

Practical Information

Climate

Ireland has a typically oceanic climate, moderate and humid with frequent rain showers. Summers are mild and winters are rarely very cold (temperatures seldom fall below 0°C). During the winter months the country sees a lot of rain. July and August are the hottest months while May and June are the sunniest.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +353
Police: 112 or 999
Fire Dept.: 112 or 999
Ambulance: 112 or 999

Electricity

Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: December 10, 2013