Country Reports

Israel Country Report

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Risk Level

Very High


Executive Summary

Following a third inconclusive general election on 2 March 2020, after two in 2019, Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu struck a unity government deal with his main rival Benny Gantz on 20 April. The deal is likely to shield Netanyahu from facing penalties for corruption charges. The government agreement stipulates 25 August as the deadline for passing a two-year budget. If it does not, the government will be dismissed and new elections scheduled. Netanyahu is advocating for a one-year budget and Gantz is unlikely to acquiesce. A budget that does not increase financial support to those affected by COVID-19 shutdowns would result in widespread protests, demanding the government’s resignation. A bill to delay the budget is unlikely to pass its final readings.Both Netanyahu and Gantz have pledged to annex West Bank territories after the election. Such a move would likely trigger a renewed wave of low-capability attacks in Jerusalem and the West Bank and jeopardise the ceasefire arrangement between Israel and Hamas since May 2019. Israeli willingness to use significant force against Hizbullah and allied Iranian non-state armed groups in southern Syria presents a very high risk of sudden escalation into broader conflict involving not just Syria, but also Lebanon. A war with Hizbullah would pose a very high risk of severe damage to civilian infrastructure in northern Israel. The US-Iran regional escalation is only likely to spill over to the Israel-Hizbullah axis in the event of US strikes on Iran.Real GDP is expected to contract 4.9% in 2020 owing to restrictions related to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus pandemic, before rebounding 5.2% in 2021. Israel's diversified economy will be relatively resilient, as its strong pharmaceutical and IT sectors will be in high demand amid the pandemic. Consumer price inflation turned negative in April and is expected to remain deflationary, averaging -0.6% in 2020 and 0.5% in 2021.
Last update: August 18, 2020

Operational Outlook

Israel's operational environment is conducive to business, with few restrictions on foreign investment, but regulatory burden is a consistent impediment with lengthy business registration and construction permit approval processes. Transport and communications infrastructure is advanced, and the labour market is highly skilled but heavily unionised. Corruption is probably present in public procurement, but it is not institutional. The judiciary is largely free from external influence – including political – in litigation, but contract enforcement can frequently take years. Companies operating in Israeli settlements in occupied Palestinian territories risk facing an EU boycott.

Last update: June 17, 2020


Very high

There is a high risk of uncoordinated, low-capability attacks in Jerusalem and the West Bank, mostly involving Palestinians or Israeli Arabs driving vehicles into crowds of pedestrians or perpetrating shooting and knife attacks targeting IDF personnel and civilians. The uncoordinated nature of the attacks makes them difficult for the security forces to prevent. There is a high risk of Islamist cells in the West Bank plotting sophisticated attacks on civilian targets in Israel, but the risk of higher-capability suicide and IED attacks is mitigated by the IDF's tight control over access to the West Bank and Gaza Strip and extensive network of informants.

Last update: July 23, 2020


Israel has historically had a moderate crime rate, mainly characterised by low-level larceny, although the murder rate has increased since the 1990s. Murder rates and other violent crime are disproportionally high among Israel's Arab population, one of the traditionally weaker socio-economic groups.

Last update: June 17, 2020

War Risks

Israel has demonstrated willingness to resort to military force and risk war with neighbouring countries. Israel's 'red line' in Syria is intended to prevent Iranian forces and allied non-state armed groups from establishing a permanent presence near the Israeli- occupied Golan. Any limited conflict involving Israeli operations against Iranian and Hizbullah forces in Syria carries a very high risk of spilling over into Lebanon, despite neither Israel nor Hizbullah currently seeking such a war. There would be severe risk of damage to civilian infrastructure in northern Israel from projectiles fired from Syria and Lebanon. Prime Minister Netanyahu has shown willingness to avoid military escalation in Gaza.

Last update: July 23, 2020

Social Stability


Violent protests are highly probable around the Gaza border and, to a lesser extent, the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Several thousand will continue protesting government inaction to the pandemic and for Prime Minister Netanyahu’s resignation across urban Israel, mainly Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, with several dozen protesters blocking main roads and bridges. Mass protests are likely across Gaza, Jerusalem (notably in the Old City and East Jerusalem), Tel Aviv, and the West Bank if the annexation plan, currently delayed, goes ahead. Labour disputes are frequent across Israel, with short strikes most probably affecting ports and airports.

Last update: August 4, 2020

Health Risk


Vaccinations required to enter the country

No vaccinations are required to enter the country.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Natural Risks


The Jordan Rift Valley forms the northern part of the Great Rift Valley, which is at the tectonic border of the African and Asian plates. It is a seismic zone. The last recorded earthquake of note occurred in May 2014 and registered as magnitude 4.1 on the Richter scale. No major earthquake has struck the country since its founding in 1948.  

Flooding can occur in the country during the winter, especially in the southern region of Negev.

Sand and dust storms occasionally occur and can reduce visibility as well as disrupt traffic.

Last update: April 5, 2019



For security reasons, people traveling to Israel can be randomly selected for questioning upon arrival. If this occurs, cooperate with authorities and remain patient. Israeli airlines implement strict security procedures and long wait times at airports are common.

Roads are in good condition, however driving can be difficult due to differing norms (e.g. signaling, changing lanes, merging) and aggressive drivers. In the West Bank, it is advised to remain extremely vigilant due to poorly maintained roads in rural areas. Moreover, it is advisable to allow additional time for travel due to the presence of checkpoints on major roads, especially near Ramallah, Hebron, Bethlehem, and Nablus. Collective taxis called "service" are the only available public transport in the Palestinian Territories.

A railway network connects the cities of Nahariya, Haifa, Tel Aviv, and Beer-Sheva, as well as Jerusalem and Tel Aviv.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information


Winters are generally mild and summers are hot and humid. Rain can fall between November and March, sometimes even into May.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +972
Police: 100
Fire Dept.: 102
Ambulance: 101


Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz


Last update: April 5, 2019