Jordan Country Report
Jordan’s reliance on imports and foreign aid is a structural weakness which makes it vulnerable to outside pressures. Payment delays and localised economically motivated protests are likely as a result. Economic growth is likely to remain weak in 2018, due to the refugee crisis, fiscal retrenchment and regional political uncertainty. Funding from the IMF and Western allies will probably continue to provide sufficient financial aid to the Hashemite monarchy to prevent recurring protests from becoming destabilising. Interstate war with Israel or Syria remains highly unlikely The conflicts in Iraq and Syria have increased the IED capabilities of Jordanian jihadists, who probably aspire to attack Jordan's tourist sites and hotels, security forces, embassies, and businesses ofsymbolic value. Short strikes are likely to affect ports, phosphates, transport, and manufacturing.
King Abdullah continues to encourage the improvement of Jordan's business environment, including through the King Abdullah II Fund for Development, which promotes privatisation and foreign investment, particularly in qualified industrial zones and the Aqaba special economic zone. The government has sought to demonstrate its credentials in reducing corruption by expanding the powers of the Audit Bureau. Constitutional reforms in April 2016 enhanced the King's executive power, but created a more technocratic government. With more businessmen represented in parliament, corruption has increased, and the government can shift blame for corruption to elected officials.
Jordan remains a high-value aspirational target for the Islamic State and other Sunni jihadists. Radicalisation among low-level members of the security forces poses the largest threat. Experience in Syria and Iraq gives militants the opportunity to improve their combat experience and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) knowledge. This increases the risk of successful attacks on tourist sites, shopping malls, and diplomatic targets in Amman. However, security services would be capable of preventing a sustained campaign from taking hold. The low number of incidents in the past five years underscores the high capabilities of the security services. .
Syria is unlikely to wage a war against Jordan because it does not have the capability and this is not in the interest of the Assad government. The risk of war between Jordan and Israel is very low. Despite parliament currently reviewing the peace treaty with Israel, Jordan is extremely unlikely to revoke it. Jordan's effective border forces make it extremely unlikely that Islamic State militants fleeing Iraq and Syria will begin contesting Jordanian territory. Returning jihadists are more likely to conduct limited acts of terrorism.
The risk of destabilising politically motivated protests decreased following the parting of the East Bank Jordanian protest movement, Hirak, and the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood in 2014 and the 2016 fracturing of the Brotherhood. Activists will likely repeatedly protest peacefully against the state’s economic ties with Israel in the first quarter of 2018. High-profile corruption cases, localised labour issues, and lower subsidies will also probably trigger localised unrest that is very unlikely to become destabilising, especially while opposition factions remain fragmented. Meanwhile, there is an elevated risk of labour protests disrupting routes to Aqaba port, resulting in several days' closure.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required if traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and over one year of age and for travelers who have been in transit in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
It should be noted that Jordan is located in an active seismic zone. Minor earthquakes occur with moderate frequency. The last major earthquake to strike occurred in 1927.
Jordan also faces flooding on a regular basis, especially in northern areas. Dust storms can also occur, leading to decreased visibility and transportation disruptions.
Temperatures in summer months can be very high. Drink plenty of water and use high-sun protection factor (SPF) sunscreen.
In winter, heavy snow can disrupt transportation, especially around Petra.
Though travel conditions remain good in urban areas, road transportation presents a high risk for travelers in rural areas due to erratic driving habits and poorly maintained infrastructure. Road accidents are frequent.
It is advisable to travel with licensed taxis whenever possible. Use of public transportation is not advised due to generally unsafe conditions.
Police often carry out random security checks on the street and at checkpoints. Keep identification documents on hand at all times.
There is no railway system in Jordan.
Rolling power outages occasionally occur, especially during extreme heat when the demand for electricity exceeds the country's production capacity.
Jordan's climate for the most part is semi-arid, although it is fully arid in the east of the country. Summers are hot and dry with scorching temperatures between May and September. Winters are cool, even cold, in certain areas; snow sometimes falls at higher elevations. The country receives most of its annual rainfall between November and February. Spring and autumn are mild and pleasant.
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz