Kosovo Country Report
Kosovo's business environment is constrained by widespread corruption and outdated infrastructure. However, local infrastructure has started to improve as a result of domestic and international investments. To date, the international community has invested EUR4 billion into improving Kosovo's road and rail networks. One major concern is the unstable water supply and the lack of an efficient energy infrastructure. Impending investments, such as the planned construction of a 400 kV interconnection line with Albania, will serve to diversify Kosovo's energy sources and increase energy security.
Dissatisfaction among Kosovo Serbs over the attempts by the central government to bring Northern Kosovo under the authority of Pristina increases the risk of attacks against Kosovo police. There is a growing number of radicalised youth adhering to extremist interpretations of Islam, a number of whom have travelled to Syria and Iraq to fight for Islamist military organisations. However, the risk of attacks remains low in the foreseeable future.
The main war risk in Kosovo stems from the ongoing dispute with Serbia over Kosovo's statehood. On 26 March 2018 Kosovo police arrested Serbian official Marko Djurić who had entered the country despite an entry ban. Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vučić called the incident a "brutal provocation", promising to "hold to account" everyone involved. Incidents like this are often used to galvanise the nationalist support base in both countries, but run the risk of unintended escalation. Nevertheless, overall war risks are low due to the presence of international peacekeeping troops.
Vaccines Required to Enter the Country
Vaccines Recommended for All Travelers
Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, varicella, etc. - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).
Vaccines Recommended for Most Travelers
Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends the vaccine be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.
Vaccines Recommended for Some Travelers
Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.
Rabies: The rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking activities that will bring them into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post-exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).
Kosovo has a moderate Mediterranean climate: winters (November to March) are snowy and summers are hot and humid (May to September). In mountainous regions, temperatures are considerably colder and snow accumulation can make road travel hazardous and at times impassable. The average annual temperature is 9.5°C (49°F), with average highs of 19°C (66°F) in the summer months and lows of −1°C (30 °F) in winter.
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz