Luxembourg Country Report
Luxembourg is usually a favourable business and investment destination but there is currently a heightened risk of disruption caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus outbreak and related emergency measures. Luxembourg's infrastructure, administrative set-up, and industrial relations are of a very high standard. The population is highly educated and often well-versed in English, French, and German. Industrial action risks are likely to remain comparatively low. High labour costs can present an obstacle to foreign direct investment (FDI), but Luxembourg remains a top investment conduit. The country's geographic position, between France, Belgium, and Germany, helps it to attract substantial EU-related investments.
The risk of both low-capability and more sophisticated Islamist militant attacks carried out by lone actors or small cells inspired but not necessarily directed by non-state armed groups such as the Islamic State is likely to remain significantly lower than in other Western European countries such as Belgium, France, Germany, or the UK. However, the presence of many international institutions, multinational companies, and banks in the capital makes Luxembourg a potential high-profile target. Luxembourg's support of the international US-led coalition against the Islamic State slightly increases the risk of retaliatory attacks.
There are no major security risks affecting businesses operating in Luxembourg. The country has effective law enforcement and police services. The main problem visitors may encounter is petty crime, especially pickpockets on buses and around the central station in Luxembourg City. Incidents of violent crime and drug trafficking have increased over recent years, but this is unlikely to affect businesses based in Luxembourg. Overall statistics indicate decreasing crime in the country, while cybercrime has become an increased focus of authorities.
Inter-state war risks in Luxembourg will remain negligible, mainly due to the country's size and its geographic location at the centre of Europe. Luxembourg maintains very friendly diplomatic relations with its neighbouring countries and relies on deep integration in multilateral agreements and treaties to ensure its national security. The country is a founding member of NATO and the EU, among other international institutions, and hosts the European Court of Justice.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
No vaccinations are required to enter the country.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
Tick-Borne Encephalitis: For stays in rural zones and for hiking enthusiasts (for children over the age of one).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Luxembourg has a tempered continental climate with relatively steady levels of rainfall throughout most the year with heavier showers in winter. The fall is often cloudy and rainy. Summer days are sunny and nights are cool. Winters are harsh with frequent snow storms. Springs are dry and cool.
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Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz