Country Reports

Luxembourg Country Report

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Risk Level

Very High


Executive Summary

Following the recent general election, it is likely that Prime Minister Xavier Bettel will renew the centrist/centre-left coalition between the DP, LSAP, and the Greens for a second administrative term. It is highly likely that Luxembourg will remain a key driver of European integration. The new government is also likely to ensure a continuation of the currently favourable investment environment and build on the recently implemented corporate tax reductions while trying to attract businesses looking to relocate in the context of Brexit. The risk of a terrorist attack is lower than in neighbouring France, Germany, and Belgium. Low-level civil unrest or industrial action is most likely to be directed at the broad array of international companies based in Luxembourg.

Last update: October 18, 2018

Operational Outlook

Luxembourg has a business-friendly operational environment and is among the most pro-EU member states. Luxembourg's infrastructure, administrative set-up, and industrial relations are of a very high standard. The population is highly educated and often well-versed in English, French, and German. Industrial action risks will remain low. High labour costs can present an obstacle to foreign direct investment (FDI), but Luxembourg remains a top investment conduit. The country's geographic position, between France, Belgium, and Germany, helps it to attract substantial EU-related investments.

Last update: October 19, 2018



The risk of both low-capability and more sophisticated Islamist militant attacks carried out by lone actors or small cells inspired but not necessarily directed by non-state armed groups such as the Islamic State and Al-Qaeda is likely to remain significantly lower than in other Western European countries such as Belgium, France, Germany, or the UK. However, the presence of many international institutions, multinational companies, and banks in the capital makes Luxembourg a potential high-profile target. Luxembourg's support of the international US-led coalition against the Islamic State slightly increases the risk of retaliatory attacks.

Last update: October 19, 2018

War Risks

Inter-state war risks in Luxembourg will remain negligible, mainly due to the country's size and its geographic location at the centre of Europe. Luxembourg maintains very friendly diplomatic relations with its neighbouring countries and relies on deep integration in multilateral agreements and treaties to ensure its national security. The country is a founding member of NATO and the EU, among other international institutions, and hosts major EU institutions such as the European Court of Justice.

Last update: October 19, 2018

Social Stability


Luxembourg is an internally stable country and civil unrest risks are likely to remain low overall. However, there is a moderate risk of protests in the capital due to the presence of a broad array of international organisations as well as multinational businesses in the country. Rallies are likely to remain largely peaceful and are unlikely to disrupt business activities.

Last update: October 19, 2018

Health Risk


Vaccinations required to enter the country

No vaccinations are required to enter the country.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

Tick-Borne Encephalitis: For stays in rural zones and for hiking enthusiasts (for children over the age of one).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: November 28, 2013

Practical Information


Luxembourg has a tempered continental climate with relatively steady levels of rainfall throughout most the year with heavier showers in winter. The fall is often cloudy and rainy. Summer days are sunny and nights are cool. Winters are harsh with frequent snow storms. Springs are dry and cool.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +352
Police: 113
Fire Dept., Ambulance: 112


Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz


Last update: January 3, 2014