Luxembourg Country Report
Luxembourg benefits from a favourable investment environment but there is currently a heightened risk of disruption caused by the COVID-19 virus outbreak and related emergency measures. Overall, Luxembourg's infrastructure, administrative set-up, and industrial relations are of very high standard. The population is highly educated and often well-versed in English, French, and German. Industrial action risks are likely to remain comparatively low. However, the aviation sector is likely to see some union activity, as national airline Luxair is affected by the pandemic. High labour costs can present an obstacle to foreign direct investment, but Luxembourg remains a strong investment conduit. The country's geographic position helps it attract substantial EU-related investments.
The risk of both low-capability and more sophisticated jihadist attacks carried out by lone actors or small cells and inspired by, but not necessarily directed by, non-state armed groups such as the Islamic State, is likely to remain significantly lower than in other Western European countries. Meanwhile, it is likely that far-right terrorism will come more into the focus of Luxembourg’s authorities as the issue grows in relevance in neighbouring Belgium, France, and Germany. Although attacks are more likely to occur in those other countries, the presence of many international institutions, multinational companies, and banks in its capital makes Luxembourg a potential high-profile target.
There are no major security risks affecting businesses operating in Luxembourg. The country has effective law enforcement and police services. The main problem visitors may encounter is petty crime, especially pickpockets on buses and around the central station in Luxembourg City. Incidents of violent crime and drug trafficking have increased over the past few years, but recent statistics indicate an overall decrease in criminal activity in the country. Fighting cybercrime has become an increased focus of authorities.
Inter-state war risks in Luxembourg will remain negligible, mainly due to the country's size and its geographical location at the centre of Europe. Luxembourg maintains very friendly diplomatic relations with its neighbouring countries and relies on deep integration on the European Union (EU) level, as well as through other multilateral agreements and treaties, to ensure its national security. The country is a founding member of NATO and the EU, among other international institutions, and hosts the European Court of Justice (ECJ).
Vaccinations required to enter the country
No vaccinations are required to enter the country.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
Tick-Borne Encephalitis: For stays in rural zones and for hiking enthusiasts (for children over the age of one).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Luxembourg has a tempered continental climate with relatively steady levels of rainfall throughout most the year with heavier showers in winter. The fall is often cloudy and rainy. Summer days are sunny and nights are cool. Winters are harsh with frequent snow storms. Springs are dry and cool.
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Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz