Country Reports

Malta Country Report

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Risk Level

Very High


Executive Summary

Prime Minister Abela announced a stimulus package worth up to EUR1.8 billion to offset the economic impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus outbreak. As part of the proposed measures, EUR1.6 billion was to be directed towards improving the liquidity of companies.Joseph Muscat resigned as prime minister and head of the Labour Party in January 2020 after a police investigation into journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia's murder highlighted alleged links between two former members of his cabinet and the murder case. The Labour party replaced Muscat with Robert Abela, likely indicating policy continuity.Malta is a relatively small economy that depends on tourism and related services, which will be hugely affected by the pandemic. Tourism and travel contributed over 10% of Maltese GDP in 2018, implying the country is particularly exposed to the closing of the European tourism industry.Malta's attractive tax regime, involving considerable tax exemptions and incentives for investment, is a major pull factor, particularly for financial services. Although Malta has long been accused of failing to take serious action against high-level cases of money laundering, anti-money laundering (AML) provisions have been tightened under pressure from the European Commission. The ease with which foreign companies are able to register subsidiaries and qualify for low tax rates has also come under EU scrutiny.Although EU membership provides the basis for sustained growth and investment, Maltese GDP growth continues to face the challenges of its small domestic market and distance from other EU markets. The main obstacles for foreign firms operating in Malta are likely to remain inefficient bureaucracy and bribery and corruption. Organised crime on the island is involved in the trafficking of drugs, people and fuel, as well as money laundering through the online gambling sector.
Last update: June 17, 2020

Operational Outlook

One of the government's main policy priorities is likely to remain the upgrade of the country's transport infrastructure, including roads, tunnels, and bridges, although the probable economic downturn related to the COVID-19 virus pandemic is likely to delay infrastructure investments. An undersea tunnel to the island of Gozo is also being planned. Malta has an efficient labour force with a large English-speaking contingent. Labour costs are still relatively low compared with other EU member states. A relatively inefficient bureaucracy and corruption continue to pose operational obstacles to foreign and domestic investment. The Maltese have frequently opposed market liberalisation programmes introduced by the government, with trade unions staging protests against privatisation efforts.

Last update: June 17, 2020



Malta’s outlying nature and proximity to Islamic State elements in Libya makes it a likely transit destination for militants crossing the Mediterranean to reach mainland Europe. The presence of the Islamic State in Libya also raises the threat of attacks on maritime targets in Malta’s vicinity, such as cruise liners. Yet terrorism risks on the island itself remain very low. The suicide bomb attack at the Maltese-Libyan-owned Corinthia Hotel in Tripoli, in January 2015, was not directed at Malta in terms of target choice.

Last update: June 17, 2020


The security environment is generally favourable to foreign investment. Petty crime can be a problem in urban areas, but crime specifically targeting tourists is rare. Malta’s location in the heart of the Mediterranean makes it a small-scale transit country for the smuggling of drugs, people and fuel. Malta has experienced 20 targeted improvised explosive device (IED) attacks since 2010, mostly related to criminal feuds. Journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia, who was investigating suspected high-level corruption in Malta, was killed by a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) in October 2017 and the murder investigation is still ongoing.

Last update: June 17, 2020

War Risks

The main risk involves search and seizure of vessels by the navy while it conducts counter-narcotic and counter-terrorism operations; a maritime territorial dispute exists with Libya that includes oil claims, but is highly unlikely to turn violent, especially given the current domestic instability in Libya.

Last update: June 17, 2020

Social Stability


Malta's unionised labour force occasionally initiates large strike action, often in response to the government's privatisation efforts. Strikes are almost always short-lived, lasting no more than one day, and carry only low risks of property damage. Anti-government protests can attract up to several thousands of people in central Valletta and tend to remain mostly peaceful. Protests have subsided during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus pandemic, but are likely to resurface over economic grievances and government policies once lockdown restrictions are gradually lifted.

Last update: June 17, 2020

Health Risk

Very high

Vaccinations required to enter the country

Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required if traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and over nine months of age. If indicated on epidemiologic grounds, infants under nine months of age are subject to isolation or surveillance if coming from an area with risk of YFV transmission. No certificate of yellow fever vaccination is required for travelers having transited through an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information


Malta has a Mediterranean climate, with hot and dry summers tempered by ocean breezes. Winters are mild and sunny. Temperatures can reach up to 40°C in July and August and usually hover around 15°C in the winter months. The country experiences a relatively rainy season between November and February, but annual levels of precipitation are generally low.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +356
Police: 112
Fire Dept.: 112
Ambulance: 112


Voltage: 240 V ~ 50 Hz


Last update: April 5, 2019