Mauritius Country Report
Mauritius has positioned itself as a hub for African-destined investments. The government set up the Mauritius Africa Fund to encourage domestic companies' expansion into Africa. The gains of economic growth have been reinvested in basic infrastructure, including first-class communications systems and the newly launched Metro Express, linking urban areas. In addition, several new business parks − designed for information technology and financial services − combine infrastructure with tax benefits. Mauritius has used these features to its advantage in its quest to become a leading offshore financial centre and enjoys preferential tax treaties with several major markets.
There is no history of terrorism in Mauritius. There is a very low likelihood of Somali pirate activity making its way as far south as Mauritius. No incidents have been reported to date. As part of counter-piracy efforts, Mauritius allows the detention prior to trial of suspected pirates on its territory under a transfer agreement with the European Union.
Despite occasional incidents, Mauritius has low crime rates by regional African and global standards. There is a minor but growing threat of petty crime, especially in the capital, Port Louis, as well as in Flic-en-Flac and Grand Baie, but not enough to deter visitors.
There have been no major security threats in Mauritius to date. The geographically isolated island has no standing army and no history of military intervention. External security is formally tasked to the paramilitary Special Mobile Force, which falls under the Mauritius Police Force. Mauritius has low-level territorial disputes with France over Tromelin Island and with the United Kingdom over the Chagos Islands. It is unlikely in the near future that the UK will comply with an International Court of Justice order in February 2019 to return the islands, but it is also extremely unlikely that the issue will lead to war, especially given Mauritius's preferential access to the UK market.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers over one year of age arriving from or having passed through countries with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and for travelers who have been in transit >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Cyclone season, which brings heavy rains and a significant increase in temperatures, lasts from January until March. The rest of the year, conditions are quite pleasant: temperatures stay relatively low (25°C during the day, 17°C at night), thanks to a southeasterly trade wind, and the island is sunny a large percentage of the time. Sunset is between 6:00 and 7:00 pm.
|Police-Emergency:||999 or 112|
|Fire Dept.:||995 or 115|
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz