Mauritius Country Report
Mauritius experienced another smooth handover of power in January 2017 when then-prime minister Anerood Jugnauth handed over to his son Pravind, who now heads the Militant Socialist Movement (Mouvement Socialiste Militant: MSM), which leads the ruling coalition. The political situation remains fundamentally stable. The new prime minister’s priorities – economic development, job creation, fighting social scourges, eradication of poverty, and law and order – will drive government policy and action throughout the duration of the government's term until December 2019. Following President Ameenah Gurib-Fakim's resignation effective 23 March 2018 amid accusations of financial impropriety and a power struggle with Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth, the premier is likely toemerge strengthened. A new treaty removing tax advantages for Mauritian companies investing in India will reduce India-bound financial flows into Mauritius.
Although Mauritius is 2,400 kilometres from the African mainland, the government has created a fertile environment for foreign investors, positioning the country as a hub for African-destined investments. The gains of economic growth have been reinvested in basic infrastructure, including first-class communications systems. Additionally, several new business parks − designed for information technology and financial services − combine infrastructure with tax benefits. Mauritius has used these features to its advantage in its quest to become a leading offshore financial centre and enjoys preferential tax treaties with a number of major markets.
There is no history of terrorism in Mauritius. There is a very small chance of Somali pirate activity making its way as far south as Mauritius. No incidents have been reported to date. As part of counter-piracy efforts, Mauritius allows the detention prior to trial of suspected pirates on its territory under a transfer agreement with the European Union.
There have been no major security threats in Mauritius. The geographically isolated island has no standing army and no history of military intervention. External security is formally tasked to the paramilitary Special Mobile Force, which falls under the Mauritius Police Force. Mauritius had a low-level territorial dispute with France over Tromelin Island, and a drawn-out dispute with the UK over the Chagos Islands that has been the source of legal challenges, but otherwise maintains and is likely to continue maintaining cordial bilateral relations with both the UK and France.
Communal and ethnic identities are a feature of Mauritian political discourse, but violence is rare. Demonstrations are also rare, and typically peaceful, such as protests organised in 2011 in the capital, Port Louis, against alleged corruption and concerns about living standards. Violent protests broke out in February 2015 in Port Louis upon the arrest of former prime minister Navinchandra Ramgoolam on charges of money laundering and lying to the police.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers over one year of age arriving from or having passed through countries with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and for travelers who have been in transit >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Cyclone season, which brings heavy rains and a significant increase in temperatures, lasts from January until March. The rest of the year, conditions are quite pleasant: temperatures stay relatively low (25°C during the day, 17°C at night), thanks to a southeasterly trade wind, and the island is sunny a large percentage of the time. Sunset is between 6:00 and 7:00 pm.
|Police-Emergency:||999 or 112|
|Fire Dept.:||995 or 115|
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz