Country Reports

Mauritius Country Report

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Risk Level

Very High


Executive Summary

The political landscape will likely remain fundamentally stable, primarily given Mauritius’ strong institutions and a tradition of multi-party democracy, with a plethora of smaller parties orbiting the main political parties – Militant Socialist Movement (MSM), which leads the ruling Alliance LEPEP coalition and the Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM) .Mauritius experienced a smooth handover of power in January 2017 when Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth was succeeded by his son Pravind, who heads the MSM. However, the subsequent defection of the one of the key coalition members, the Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD), from the Alliance, and public perception of nepotism and corruption is likely to weaken the Alliance in the upcoming December 2019 general election. Despite corruption cases, the business environment should remain stable and Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth is expected to continue with his father's policies focusing on raising growth rates through tourism, IT, and financial services until the government's end term in December 2019.Mauritius’s GDP growth rate for 2019 is expected to be 4.0%, supported by public infrastructure–related investments and resilient consumption growth. Rising public debt, which is expected to reach about 65% of GDP over the next 12 months driven by increased borrowing to finance investment spending, will put pressure on the government to step up domestic revenue mobilisation and prudently manage its public expenditure plans. The Mauritian rupee will remain broadly stable in 2019 supported by the country’s sizeable pool of foreign international reserves (estimated at about 6.6 billion at end-April) and FDI inflows (USD510.9 million in 2018). We forecast a favourable consumer price inflation outlook through the next 12 months, subject to benign weather conditions and relatively stable global oil prices. The current-account deficit is expected to remain elevated at 6.4% of GDP in 2019 amid adverse pressure on the merchandise trade balance stemming from increased energy and public infrastructure-linked import costs.
Last update: May 22, 2019

Operational Outlook

Although Mauritius is more than 2,400 km from the African mainland, the government has created a fertile environment for foreign investors, positioning the country as a hub for African-destined investments. The gains of economic growth have been reinvested in basic infrastructure, including first-class communications systems. In addition, several new business parks − designed for information technology and financial services − combine infrastructure with tax benefits. Mauritius has used these features to its advantage in its quest to become a leading offshore financial centre and enjoys preferential tax treaties with several major markets.

Last update: September 4, 2018



There is no history of terrorism in Mauritius. There is a very small chance of Somali pirate activity making its way as far south as Mauritius. No incidents have however been reported to date. As part of counter-piracy efforts, Mauritius allows the detention prior to trial of suspected pirates on its territory under a transfer agreement with the European Union.

Last update: September 4, 2018

War Risks

There have been no major security threats in Mauritius till date. The geographically isolated island has no standing army and no history of military intervention. External security is formally tasked to the paramilitary Special Mobile Force, which falls under the Mauritius Police Force. Mauritius had a low-level territorial dispute with France over Tromelin Island, and a drawn-out dispute with the UK over the Chagos Islands that has been the source of legal challenges, but otherwise maintains and is likely to continue maintaining cordial bilateral relations with both the UK and France.

Last update: September 4, 2018

Social Stability


Communal and ethnic identities are a feature of Mauritian political discourse, but violence is and likely to remain rare. Demonstrations are also rare, and typically peaceful, such as protests organised in 2011 in the capital, Port Louis, against alleged corruption and concerns about living standards. Violent protests broke out in February 2015 in Port Louis upon the arrest of former prime minister Navinchandra Ramgoolam on charges of money laundering and lying to the police.

Last update: September 4, 2018

Health Risk

Very high

Vaccinations required to enter the country

Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers over one year of age arriving from or having passed through countries with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and for travelers who have been in transit >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information


Cyclone season, which brings heavy rains and a significant increase in temperatures, lasts from January until March. The rest of the year, conditions are quite pleasant: temperatures stay relatively low (25°C during the day, 17°C at night), thanks to a southeasterly trade wind, and the island is sunny a large percentage of the time. Sunset is between 6:00 and 7:00 pm.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +230
Medical Emergency: 114
Ambulance: 999
Police-Emergency: 999 or 112
Fire Dept.: 995 or 115


Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz


Last update: April 5, 2019