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Country Reports

Niger Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

President Issoufou has stated on several occasions he will not stand for re-election in 2021 or amend the constitution to extend presidential term limits, reducing military coup risks. He will continue to enjoy strong donor support from the West due to his co-operation in counter-terrorism and reducing migration. Potential successors include Interior Minister Mohamed Bazoum and ex-finance minister Hassoumi Massaoudou. Terrorism risks in Niger are very high, with jihadist attacks and kidnapping likely to escalate particularly in the western Tillaberi region, where there is a spillover of terrorist activity from Mali, and the southeastern Diffa region due to increased Boko Haram assaults. The capital, Niamey, will remain an aspirational target for Islamist militants. Anti-austerity protests have led the government to accuse the opposition of trying to mount a popular uprising. Large-scale protests over the high cost of living, perceived corruption, insecurity, and lay-offs in the uranium industry are likely to persist throughout 2019 in Niamey, Agadez, Arlit, and Zinder, but will be quickly dispersed by strong responses from security forces. Real GDP growth is expected to stay robust, averaging around 5.7% during 2018–22, before gradually declining thereafter. Falling uranium prices are encouraging economic diversification, with investments focused on the crude oil sector where medium-term prospects are positive. With Chinese investors maintaining strong interest in the Agadem crude oil block and the refinery in Zinder town, increased energy-sector investment is likely. The government's budgets will remain extremely dependent on external financing from donor aid and grants. As a result, Niger faces the challenge of avoiding debt accumulation to finance its costly poverty reduction programmes. Niger previously failed to meet some of its fiscal targets, but under IMF supervision, the government is now likely to improve its fiscal capacity while tightening budgetary controls in the near term.
Last update: March 26, 2019

Operational Outlook

Escalating jihadist attacks and states-of-emergency in parts of western and southeastern Niger complicate the operational environment, already hindered by limited institutional capacity, inadequate infrastructure, strikes, and corruption. President Issoufou wants to boost the private sector, with improved road infrastructure a priority of the government's 2017–21 development plan. In early 2019, it announced policies to improve management of oil and gold production, in order to reduce dependency on uranium, as well as improve electricity provision. A railway project, eventually linking up with Côte d'Ivoire, which would ease problems associated with Niger's landlocked status, is currently stalled.

Last update: March 26, 2019

Terrorism

Very high

Mali-based Islamist militants are likely to attempt an attack in the capital, Niamey, targeting venues patronised by Westerners. The western Tahoua and Tillaberi regions are new terrorist hotspots. Kidnap risks are high around Agadez and along the borders with Mali and Libya. Jihadist targets in Niger are likely to include transport hubs, mining sites, security forces, diplomatic assets, major hotels, and government buildings, although risks will be mitigated by a US drone facility in Agadez scheduled for completion in late 2018. Boko Haram attacks are likely along the country's southeastern border with Nigeria and Chad.

Last update: September 4, 2018

War Risks

Anti-austerity protests have led the government to accuse the opposition of trying to mount a popular uprising, but violent demonstrations will be quickly dispersed by security forces' intervention. Interstate border crossings by the military are likely due to jihadist violence in Libya, Mali, Burkina Faso, and the Lake Chad region, but counter-terrorism co-operation with neighbours reduces the likelihood of interstate war. Relations with Benin have deteriorated due to its hosting of exiled Nigerien opposition leader Hama Amadou, although any disputes with neighbours are more likely to be resolved through arbitration than military confrontation.

Last update: March 26, 2019

Social Stability

High

Protests over the high cost of living (including the 2019 finance law), foreign bases, perceived corruption, insecurity, and lay-offs in the uranium industry are likely to occur in Niamey, Agadez, Arlit, and Zinder. Protesters are likely to use stones, petrol bombs, and blunt objects to target government and commercial property and parked vehicles. Security forces often use heavy-handed responses, including live ammunition. In March 2019, Sudanese asylum-seekers in Agadez held protests against the UNHCR, demanding speedier processing of their applications.

Last update: March 26, 2019

Health Risk

Severe

Vaccinations required to enter the country

Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for all travelers over one year of age entering the country. The government of Niger recommends vaccine for travelers departing Niger.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).

Meningococcal Meningitis: For prolonged stays, or in case your travels will put you in close contact with a local population affected by an epidemic of the disease (for children over the age of two years).

Malaria: Recommended preventive medication - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam) or doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Natural Risks

Very high

The country, including Niamey, is regularly hit by significant rainfall in the summer, often causing floods. In June 2017, torrential rains caused severe infrastructural damage in Niamey and resulted in several deaths.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Transportation

High

Road infrastructure is reliable in Niger. Major cities are connected by paved roads.

However, long-distance road travel can be extremely dangerous. The danger of road accidents is heightened by drivers often ignoring the rules of the road, the non-maintenance of vehicles, and the lack of medical care facilities. Due to the lack of public lighting all night travel should be avoided.

Outside major cities, all travel should be conducted during the day, with a sports utility vehicle (4x4), adequate supplies of water, food, and fuel. It is also advised to ensure that the vehicle contains spare mechanical parts (wheels, cables, etc.) and an effective means of telecommunication.

According to the British diplomatic authorities, the Niamey-Ouagadougou road is mined on the Burkinabe section. Further information should be sought before using this route.

Local authorities may be particularly suspicious of foreigners traveling in the east and north. Passengers are frequently arrested and deported due to security fears. It may be necessary to hire an armed escort (contact the Nigerien authorities) when traveling outside Niamey.

It is advised to stop at all road blocks erected by security forces.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information

Climate

Niger's rainy season lasts from June until September. It is characterized by very high temperatures and humidity levels as well as weak to non-existent winds. The rest of the year temperatures average around 30°C from October to February and around 40°C from March to May. Sandstorms sometimes occur in the months of April and May.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +227

There are no emergency services in Niger.

Electricity

Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: April 5, 2019