Papua New Guinea Country Report
PNG is a challenging operating environment. Weak institutional capacity, inadequate skilled labour, limited infrastructure, and tribal violence are key barriers to business operations. These problems are unlikely to be resolved within the next three years, particularly while government spending remains low. Road infrastructure is poor, and high rates of crime inhibit operations, with businesses often requiring additional security measures. Small-scale strikes occur occasionally but have limited impact, while large strike actions are rare, likely only occurring once or twice a year. Corruption is a key concern, as senior officials are often arrested on corruption charges, and there is a severe lack of transparency in government decision-making.
Terrorist attacks are highly unlikely, as there are no domestic anti-government or ideologically extremist armed groups in PNG. Armed groups or individuals are unlikely to select PNG to carry out attacks, as there are very few foreign tourists or businesses. Members of armed separatist groups seeking independence for Indonesia's West Papua province occasionally seek temporary refuge on the PNG side of the border, but the likelihood of PNG being used as a base of operations for foreign terrorist groups is low.
Crime levels in Port Moresby and nationwide are very high. The 2018 US State Department Crime and Safety Report notes that PNG has one of the highest crime rates in the world. Western visitors face risks of violent crime due to a perceived image of wealth. The main centre of criminal activity is Port Moresby, although other urban centres are also subject to lawlessness, which can often be violent. Law and order is loosely enforced in rural areas, and law enforcement agencies often struggle to control tribal groups. The security forces are at times complicit in criminal activities and action to combat crime is often ineffective.
Interstate conflict is very unlikely, but low-level fighting between Indonesian military units and West Papuan insurgents occurs occasionally on the border. Fighting between different tribes in the Highlands region is a regular occurrence, but there is little prospect of these incidents escalating into a broader conflict. An outbreak of civil war is unlikely, although the 2019 Bougainville independence referendum will probably lead to skirmishes between local groups and security forces. Additionally, civil unrest is likely to heighten during PNG national elections: the 2017 election season was plagued by localised violence.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required if traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever transmission and over one year of age.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).
Japanese Encephalitis: For stays of longer than one month in a rural zone during the rainy season (for children over the age of one). The vaccine is administered in a local medical facility.
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Papua New Guinea has a hot and humid climate, tempered by trade winds. It rains almost all year long with a respite from June to September (the dry season) and a peak of precipitation between December and March. Temperatures tend to be cooler in the mountains.
Voltage: 240 V ~ 50 Hz