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Country Reports

Senegal Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

President Macky Sall is facing an unexpected political challenge to his authority after an oil corruption scandal broke in June 2019 following the broadcasting of a BBC documentary containing allegations implicating his brother. Civil society groups are likely to continue staging regular demonstrations to pressure Sall to institute a fully independent inquiry into alleged illicit payments. The National Assembly, dominated by Sall's United in Hope (Benno Bokk Yakaar: BBY) coalition, has passed a new petroleum code which greatly increases the state's fiscal take. Oil companies are likely to be deterred from entering a new licensing round, despite the compensation of prime acreage and benign above-ground risks.IHS Markit's prediction on Senegal's real GDP growth remains at 6.6% for 2019, rising to 6.9% for 2020. Improved business confidence, increased investment, and broad-based contributions from multiple sectors, including agriculture and services, continue to underscore this forecast.Growth in the next two to three years will be driven by improved farm output, new productivity improvement programmes, expanded tertiary sector activity, public investment in infrastructure, and projects related to the Plan for an Emerging Senegal. Exports, remittance inflows, and tourism receipts are forecast to continue improving.The latest round of talks over the long-running Casamance insurgency is likely to start in Rome towards the end of 2019. Although a final settlement is unlikely in the 12-month outlook, given the fragmented nature of militant forces, attacks on military targets, business interests or tourists will remain isolated incidents.
Last update: September 12, 2019

Operational Outlook

The government is struggling to contain the fallout from a BBC programme aired in June 2019 that alleged corrupt payments in the oil sector implicating President Macky Sall's brother. The scandal has reinforced perceptions that management of the nascent sector has been opaque, and that contracts have been signed which do not adequately benefit the state. Sall has also been accused of instrumentalising the judiciary to sideline political rivals. The ruling BBY coalition has proved sympathetic to union demands, especially in the public sector, although it resisted teachers' demands for housing allowances for nearly a year before conceding. Strikes are relatively frequent, although they rarely last longer than 48–72 hours.

Last update: July 17, 2019

Terrorism

High

Senegal is taking extremely seriously the probability of attacks by militants linked to Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb. Soldiers remain deployed to key sites in the capital, Dakar, and specially trained anti-terrorist forces are on high alert, with additional threats to tourist sites outside the capital. The risk increased with the formation of a new Sahelian jihadist front in March 2017 of several Al-Qaeda-linked groups. Casamance had been quiescent for many years as peace negotiations rumbled on, although armed robberies have increased in 2019 while factions of separatist forces complain about lack of government commitment to peace talks.

Last update: July 18, 2019

Crime

Crime is primarily a risk in urban areas, especially the capital Dakar where targets of petty crime include expatriates. Pickpocketing and property theft are the most prevalent forms, rather than violent crime, although armed robberies of petrol stations and businesses can occur in Dakar's peripheral neighbourhoods. Senegalese nationals and foreign visitors are occasionally subject to fraud and phishing attempts, with local groups drawing on expertise gleaned from Nigerian criminal gangs. Commodity smuggling between Gambia and Senegal is common, as well as human trafficking into and out of Senegal, a country that still sees large numbers attempting to reach Europe as economic migrants.

Last update: July 18, 2019

War Risks

President Sall has made meaningful efforts to address the demands of the separatist Mouvement des Forces Démocratiques de Casamance (MFDC), but talks increasingly appear to be stalled. Several statements by the Front Nord faction in the first half of 2019 have accused the government of failing to respect its commitment to Rome-based peace negotiations which resumed in October 2017. However, although the MFDC has stepped up armed robberies, it has little chance of challenging the state following the loss of support from ousted Gambian president Yahya Jammeh, whose departure also removes threats of armed inter-state conflict. Occasional disputes over fishing boundaries with Mauritania are unlikely to lead to inter-state war.

Last update: July 18, 2019

Social Stability

Elevated

The newly formed Aar li nu Bokk group has taken the lead in organizing demonstrations demanding an inquiry and transparency in the oil sector following the breaking of a scandal over illicit payments implicating President Sall's brother. Also active are the 23 June Movement and youth organisation Y'en a Marre, which helped deepen a strong tradition of civil society protest after they helped frustrate former president Abdoulaye Wade's third-term bid in 2012. Protests are likely to feature fighting with security forces, small-scale arson and throwing of projectiles, especially in Dakar. They are also likely in urban hubs in response to grievances surrounding lack of social services and basic public amenities.

Last update: July 18, 2019

Health Risk

Severe

Vaccinations required to enter the country

Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers over nine months old arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and for travelers who have been in transit in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Yellow Fever: A vaccine is available for children over the age of one year.

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).

Meningococcal Meningitis: For prolonged stays, or in case your travels will put you in close contact with a local population affected by an epidemic of the disease (for children over the age of two years).

Malaria: Recommended preventive medication - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam) or doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information

Climate

Temperatures are high in Senegal all year long. The rainy season lasts from July until September and tornados sometimes strike during this period. The rest of the year (October-June) weather conditions are dry. Between December and February, the Harmattan, a hot and dry wind from the Sahara Desert, regularly passes through the country.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +221
Police (Dakar): 33 823 71 49 or 33 823 25 29
UAS: 33 824 24 18

Electricity

Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: April 5, 2019