Country Reports

Senegal Country Report

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Risk Level

Very High


Executive Summary

President Macky Sall will face minimal political challenge to his authority over at least the next 12 months after securing a first-round victory in the presidential election on 24 February 2019. Sall secured 58.27% of the vote, well clear of main rival Idrissa Seck on 20.5%, and there were no legal challenges to the result.The National Assembly, dominated by Sall's United in Hope (Benno Bokk Yakaar: BBY) coalition, has passed a new petroleum code and the president is likely to push ahead with offering more deep-water oil blocks. Major oil and gas discoveries are already facilitating a drive towards starting significant production by the end of Sall's second term in 2024.IHS Markit's prediction on Senegal's real GDP growth remains at 6.6% for 2019. Improved business confidence, increased investment, and broad-based contributions from multiple sectors, including agriculture and services, continue to underscore this forecast.Growth in the next two to three years will be driven by improved farm output, new productivity improvement programmes, expanded tertiary sector activity, public investment in infrastructure, and projects related to the Plan for an Emerging Senegal. Exports, remittance inflows, and tourism receipts are forecast to continue improving.The latest round of talks over the long-running Casamance insurgency is likely to start in Rome in the second half of 2019. Although a final settlement is unlikely in the 12-month outlook, given the fragmented nature of militant forces, attacks on military targets, business interests or tourists will remain isolated incidents.
Last update: June 15, 2019

Operational Outlook

President Macky Sall's Plan for an Emerging Senegal is continuing to draw on diverse foreign investment, managed through public-private partnerships, to transform transport infrastructure and build a new industrial park at Diamniadio. The ruling BBY coalition has proved sympathetic to union demands, especially in the public sector, although it resisted teachers' demands for housing allowances for nearly a year before conceding. Strikes are relatively frequent although they rarely last longer than 48–72 hours. Anti-corruption bodies have been granted wider powers and greater resources by President Sall, although he is increasingly accused of instrumentalising the judiciary to sideline political rivals.

Last update: April 25, 2019



Senegal is taking extremely seriously the probability of attacks by militants linked to Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb. Soldiers remain deployed to key sites in the capital, Dakar, and specially trained anti-terrorist forces are on high alert, with additional threats to tourist sites outside the capital. The risk has increased with the formation of a new Sahelian jihadist front in March 2017 of several Al-Qaeda-linked groups. Casamance had been quiescent for many years as peace negotiations rumbled on, but a forest massacre and attack on Spanish tourists in early 2018 has led to renewed travel warnings being issued.

Last update: November 21, 2018

War Risks

President Sall has made meaningful efforts to address the demands of the separatist Mouvement des Forces Démocratiques de Casamance (MFDC). These finally looked to be bearing fruit but were disrupted by the killing of 14 men on 6 January 2018 in an attack linked to MFDC elements engaged in illegal logging. However, more factions have been leaning towards joining Rome-based negotiations which resumed in October 2017 following the loss of support from ousted Gambian president Yahya Jammeh, whose departure also removes threats of armed inter-state conflict. Occasional disputes over fishing boundaries with Mauritania are unlikely to lead to inter-state war.

Last update: April 25, 2019

Social Stability


The 23 June Movement and youth organisation Y'en a Marre, which helped frustrate former president Abdoulaye Wade's bid for a third term in 2012, have increasingly turned against his successor Macky Sall, although their influence in 2019's elections was moderated by the absence of a strong challenger. Protests are likely in urban hubs in response to grievances surrounding lack of social services and basic public amenities. Protests are likely to feature fighting with security forces, small-scale arson, and throwing of projectiles, especially in Dakar.

Last update: April 25, 2019

Health Risk


Vaccinations required to enter the country

Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers over nine months old arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and for travelers who have been in transit in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Yellow Fever: A vaccine is available for children over the age of one year.

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).

Meningococcal Meningitis: For prolonged stays, or in case your travels will put you in close contact with a local population affected by an epidemic of the disease (for children over the age of two years).

Malaria: Recommended preventive medication - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam) or doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information


Temperatures are high in Senegal all year long. The rainy season lasts from July until September and tornados sometimes strike during this period. The rest of the year (October-June) weather conditions are dry. Between December and February, the Harmattan, a hot and dry wind from the Sahara Desert, regularly passes through the country.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +221
Police (Dakar): 33 823 71 49 or 33 823 25 29
UAS: 33 824 24 18


Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz


Last update: April 5, 2019