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Country Reports

Senegal Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

President Macky Sall is a strong favourite to win a second term in February 2019 because of the dominance of his ruling Benno Bokk Yakaar coalition, and the absence of an opposition figurehead of stature after the incarceration of Dakar mayor Khalifa Sall on politically motivated corruption charges. Frequent protests are likely leading up to the election, particularly aimed at mobilising support for former ruling Senegalese Democratic Party candidate Karim Wade. The son of former president Abdoulaye Wade has been in Qatar since his release in 2016 from a six-year sentence for corruption and is likely to be prevented from entering the country or to be arrested if he tries to return, sparking demonstrations in the capital, Dakar. IHS Markit’s real GDP growth prediction for Senegal remains at 6.8% for 2018 and 6.6% for 2019. Improved business confidence, increased investment, and broad-based contributions from multiple sectors, including agriculture and services, continue to underscore this forecast. Growth in the next two to three years will be driven by improved farm output, new productivity improvement programmes, expanded tertiary sector activity, public investment in infrastructure, and projects related to the Emerging Senegal Plan. Exports, remittance inflows, and tourism receipts are forecast to continue improving. The government’s dominance of parliament is likely to permit a new petroleum code to be adopted before the election, which will focus on local content regulations. It will increase taxes and royalties only moderately as Senegal is focused on accelerating development to permit initial production from major oil and gas discoveries by 2021. The latest round of talks over the long-running Casamance insurgency is likely to start in Rome in early 2019. Although a final settlement is unlikely in the 12-month outlook, given the fragmented nature of militant forces, attacks on military targets, business interests, or tourists will remain isolated incidents. © 2018, IHS Markit Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited.
Last update: December 7, 2018

Operational Outlook

President Macky Sall's Emerging Senegal Plan is continuing to draw on diverse foreign investment, managed through public-private partnerships, to transform transport infrastructure and build a new industrial park at Diamniadio. The ruling BBY coalition has proved sympathetic to union demands, especially in the public sector, although it resisted teachers' demands for housing allowances for nearly a year before conceding. Strikes are relatively frequent although they rarely last longer than 48-72 hours. Anti-corruption bodies have been granted wider powers and greater resources by President Sall, although he is increasingly accused of instrumentalising the judiciary to sideline political rivals such as incarcerated former Dakar mayor Khalifa Sall.

Last update: November 21, 2018

Terrorism

High

Senegal is taking extremely seriously the probability of attacks by militants linked to Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb. Soldiers remain deployed to key sites in the capital, Dakar, and specially trained anti-terrorist forces are on high alert, with additional threats to tourist sites outside the capital. The risk has increased with the formation of a new Sahelian jihadist front in March 2017 of several Al-Qaeda-linked groups. Casamance had been quiescent for many years as peace negotiations rumbled on, but a forest massacre and attack on Spanish tourists in early 2018 has led to renewed travel warnings being issued.

Last update: November 21, 2018

War Risks

President Sall has made meaningful efforts to address the demands of the separatist Mouvement des Forces Démocratiques de Casamance (MFDC). These finally looked to be bearing fruit by the start of 2018 but have been disrupted by the killing of 14 men on 6 January in an attack linked to MFDC elements engaged in illegal logging. However, more factions have been leaning towards joining Rome-based negotiations which resumed in October 2017 following the loss of support from ousted Gambian president Yahya Jammeh, whose departure also removes threats of armed inter-state conflict. Occasional disputes over fishing boundaries with Mauritania are unlikely to lead to inter-state war.

Last update: November 21, 2018

Social Stability

Elevated

Civil society groups are likely to exert significant influence in the lead-up to the February 2019 presidential election. The 23 June Movement and youth organisation Y'en a Marre, which helped frustrate former president Abdoulaye Wade's bid for a third term in 2012, have increasingly turned against his successor Macky Sall, although their influence will be moderated by the absence of a strong challenger. Protests are likely in response to perceived opposition suppression, particularly following the conviction of Dakar mayor Khalifa Sall. Protests are likely to feature fighting with security forces, small-scale arson, and throwing of projectiles, especially in Dakar.

Last update: November 21, 2018

Health Risk

Severe

Vaccinations required to enter the country

Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers over nine months old arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and for travelers who have been in transit in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Yellow Fever: A vaccine is available for children over the age of one year.

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).

Meningococcal Meningitis: For prolonged stays, or in case your travels will put you in close contact with a local population affected by an epidemic of the disease (for children over the age of two years).

Malaria: Recommended preventive medication - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam) or doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: January 28, 2014

Practical Information

Climate

Temperatures are high in Senegal all year long. The rainy season lasts from July until September and tornados sometimes strike during this period. The rest of the year (October-June) weather conditions are dry. Between December and February, the Harmattan, a hot and dry wind from the Sahara Desert, regularly passes through the country.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +221
Police (Dakar): 33 823 71 49 or 33 823 25 29
UAS: 33 824 24 18

Electricity

Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: January 21, 2014