Singapore Country Report
The Singaporean economy's reliance on exports renders it vulnerable to external shocks. In response, the government is diversifying the economy with greater emphasis on services, especially the financial services. Singapore is a potential target of regional Islamist militants. Possible targets include the ports, Changi Airport, embassies, oil refineries, and hotels. However, a successful attack is highly unlikely, given strong counter-terrorism capabilities and increased security. There is a very low risk of military confrontation with any neighbouring countries. Any bilateral disputes will probably be resolved through diplomacy. Civil unrest risks are low. The government regularly engages with the migrant worker community to ensure grievances are identified and addressed.
The government's zero-tolerance approach to corruption and a well-recompensed civil service mean corruption risks are low. Industrial action is very rare given close co‐operation between the government and trade unions and generally good wages and working conditions. The government dealt with a 2013 riot involving migrant workers, and preventive measures against a repeat riot were introduced. There has not been any worker unrest or industrial action since. Infrastructure is of a high standard, including sophisticated telecommunications networks, extensive public transport, and ultra-modern air and seaport facilities.
Singapore has introduced robust counter-terrorism measures that are regularly reviewed. In mid-2016, rapid response counter-terrorism police units were created to deal with any potential terrorist threat. Singapore maintains strong intelligence co-operation with regional and international partners to help address concerns over the presence of terrorist groups in Indonesia and the Philippines.
Singapore maintains a well-equipped military but has good relations with its neighbours and ASEAN members. Its defence is augmented by close ties with Australia and the United States. It emphasises the resolution of any disputes through diplomacy with respect for international law; this approach has resulted in the resolution of Singapore's maritime boundaries with Indonesia and Malaysia. Any future disputes, which are increasing likely with Malaysia following the election of a new government in May 2018, are also likely to be resolved through diplomacy.
Demonstrations over controversial government policies tend to be organised as peaceful rallies held at locations designated by the authorities. The government on its part seeks to ensure an effective response to any social grievances. There were a number of incidents involving migrant workers in 2012 and 2013, the most serious being a riot involving about 300 South Asian migrant workers. The government responded firmly, not only applying criminal sanctions to the main perpetrators, but also taking steps to ensure workers' grievances were properly addressed. Since those incidents, there has not been further unrest.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers over one year of age who within the previous six days have been in a country with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission or who have been in transit in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
Japanese Encephalitis: For stays of longer than one month in a rural zone during the rainy season (for children over the age of one). The vaccine is administered in a local medical facility.
The country experiences two distinct monsoon seasons each year: one from December to March (northeast monsoon season) and the other from June to September (southeast monsoon season). During these periods, torrential rain and violent winds are not rare. It should also be noted that Singapore is situated in an active seismic zone.
Public transit systems are reliable and extensive.
Singapore's climate is hot and humid throughout the year with an abundance of rain from November throughout January during the northeast monsoon (torrential but brief rain showers quickly giving way to sunny skies) and from May through September during the southern monsoon (less rain but more rainy days).
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz