Slovenia Country Report
Slovenia’s attitude towards foreign direct investment (FDI) is gradually improving, and the government actively seeks ways to improve the economy’s attractiveness and competitiveness. Trade unions have a strong position in Slovenia and there is a moderate risk of strikes. The infrastructure is of a good standard, benefiting from the EU development funds, and the workforce is well trained and educated.
Slovenia is part of NATO and is a member of the Schengen zone, with the latter status prompting concerns over potential anonymous entry of terrorist groups into the country, particularly due to the high number of illegal migrants attempting to cross Slovenia's borders. However, the country retains a low international profile, mitigating the risk of terrorist attacks staged by the Islamist groups in the one-year outlook. In November 2019, the parliament banned paramilitary groups after the detection of militia groups patrolling borders and obstructing police work.
Slovenia's geographical position makes it a target for organised crime, particularly trafficking goods and people. Human trafficking and smuggling is the greatest criminal problem in Slovenia, with the country being used as a conduit for the trafficking of women from the former Soviet Union to the EU and the West. Criminal networks operating in the region are also involved in the smuggling of illegal migrants into the EU. Arms smuggling remains an issue because of Slovenia's geographical position: stockpiled weapons left over from the Balkan conflicts of the 1990s are smuggled from Southeastern Europe into Western Europe.
The risk of interstate and civil war in Slovenia is very low. Slovenia maintains positive relations with its regional peers. Occasional border and energy disputes between Slovenia, Croatia, and Austria tend to be resolved through diplomatic channels and are highly unlikely to escalate into interstate military conflict. Slovenia's membership in the EU has further mitigated the risk.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
No vaccinations are required to enter the country.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Tick-Borne Encephalitis: For stays in rural zones and for hiking enthusiasts (for children over the age of one).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Slovenia has three district climates: alpine (in the north), continental (in the east), and Mediterranean (in the west and the south). Temperatures fluctuate widely throughout the year. In Ljubljana temperatures can fall below -15°C in the winter and rise above 35°C in the summer. Rainfall is the heaviest in October and the lightest in March.
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