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Slovenia Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

The governing coalition led by Prime Minister Janez Janša reached a co-operation deal with the opposition SNS and minority MPs to support its programmes until 2022, mitigating the risk of early elections. The government is focusing on the response to the COVID-19 virus outbreak and economic relief measures, as well as planning contested amendments to three media laws, which would reduce funding for public media and increase the government’s power to control appointments.Labour Minister Janez Cigler Kralj announced on 27 August that the government had extended the subsidised furlough scheme, introduced due to COVID-19, until the end of September 2020. The government raised budget expenditure by EUR3 billion to EUR13,39 billion in its proposed supplementary budget for 2020; COVID-19-related costs would account for 19% of all expenditure.The ongoing anti-government protests – taking place in the capital Ljubljana, Celje, Maribor, and Koper – are likely to continue at least in the one-month outlook, without causing significant property damage and threatening the overall stability of the government. The severe lockdown to contain the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus, its open economy, and the importance of tourism revenues will make the impact on the Slovene economy one of the strongest within Europe. GDP will tumble by nearly 8% in 2020.The strain of the COVID-19 virus pandemic will be heavy on the country's external liquidity position throughout 2020 and 2021. A narrowing of the current-account surplus and higher debt repayment obligations put a strain on Slovenia's liquidity financing. With a slow recovery for export earnings expected, these problems will likely linger.Slovenia's fiscal balance will fall into a deep deficit in 2020 as budgetary revenues evaporate alongside the expected downturn in domestic demand. Meanwhile, stimulus packages will drive up government spending. The total fiscal deficit is expected to top 6% of GDP in 2020.
Last update: September 4, 2020

Operational Outlook

Around 84% of Slovenia’s foreign direct investments (FDIs) come from EU countries. Sectors that attract most FDIs are financial services, wholesale retail and trade, insurance, and manufacturing. Trade unions have a strong position in Slovenia and there is a moderate risk of strikes. The infrastructure is of a good standard, benefitting from EU development funds, and the workforce is well-trained and educated.

Last update: July 11, 2020

Terrorism

Low

Slovenia is part of NATO and is a member of the Schengen zone, with the latter status prompting concerns over potential anonymous entry of terrorist groups into the country, particularly due to the high number of illegal migrants attempting to cross Slovenia's borders. However, the country retains a low international profile, mitigating the risk of terrorist attacks staged by the Islamist groups in the one-year outlook. In November 2019, the parliament banned paramilitary groups after the detection of militia groups patrolling borders and obstructing police work.

Last update: July 7, 2020

Crime

Slovenia's geographical position makes it a target for organised crime, particularly trafficking goods and people. Human trafficking and smuggling is the greatest criminal problem in Slovenia, with the country being used as a conduit for the trafficking of women from the former Soviet Union to the EU and the West. Criminal networks operating in the region are also involved in the smuggling of illegal migrants into the EU. Arms smuggling remains an issue because of Slovenia's geographical position: stockpiled weapons left over from the Balkan conflicts of the 1990s are smuggled from Southeastern Europe into Western Europe.

Last update: July 10, 2020

War Risks

The risk of interstate and civil war in Slovenia is very low. Slovenia maintains positive relations with its regional peers. Occasional border and energy disputes between Slovenia, Croatia, and Austria tend to be resolved through diplomatic channels and are highly unlikely to escalate into interstate military conflict. Slovenia's membership in the EU has further mitigated the risk.

Last update: July 7, 2020

Social Stability

Moderate

Ongoing anti-government protests with a weekly frequency are likely to attract up toseveral thousand people in the capital Ljubljana and a few thousand in other Slovenian cities including Celje, Maribor, and Koper. The protests, which started in April during the lockdown aimed at containing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus outbreak, are staged over allegations of corruption in the state procurement of PPE and the government’s perceived attempt to curb media freedom and civil rights. Protests are likely to remain largely peaceful, although if small groups of individuals cause minor property damage to public assets, the police would probably respond by detaining and fining demonstrators for public disorder.

Last update: July 11, 2020

Health Risk

Elevated

Vaccinations required to enter the country

No vaccinations are required to enter the country.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Tick-Borne Encephalitis: For stays in rural zones and for hiking enthusiasts (for children over the age of one).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information

Climate

Slovenia has three district climates: alpine (in the north), continental (in the east), and Mediterranean (in the west and the south). Temperatures fluctuate widely throughout the year. In Ljubljana temperatures can fall below -15°C in the winter and rise above 35°C in the summer. Rainfall is the heaviest in October and the lightest in March.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +386
Police: 112 or 113
Fire Dept.: 112
Ambulance: 112

Electricity

Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: April 5, 2019