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Slovenia Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

Prime Minister Janez Janša said that the government would introduce legislative measures to contain the effects of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus pandemic, including an emergency bill on pay compensation for temporary lay-offs and a bill on emergency measures for agriculture and food products.The SDS, SMC, NSi, and DeSUS parties reached a deal on the formation of a governing coalition led by SDS leader Janez Janša. If appointed, his proposed cabinet is likely to focus on infrastructure and energy investments, stricter migration policies, and asylum procedures, as well as reforming the judiciary and the public sector’s pay system.In order to counter the continuous risk of labour strikes in various segments of the public sector, the 2020 budget aims to increase expenditure, adjusting wages by increasing revenue. Wage negotiations will likely remain the main cause of strikes. After decelerating to an estimated 2.5% in 2019, Slovenian economic expansion is expected to remain sluggish in 2020 and 2021, primarily owing to sustained headwinds from the rest of the European Union. Fixed capital formation expansion – after slowing sharply from 2018 to 2019 – will decelerate further in 2020, dampening headline growth.Helping to balance the negative impact of cooling export demand, Slovenia’s financial sector will provide a stimulus for growth following aggressive restructuring and privatisation. This return-to-normal operation will moderate the deceleration of household-consumption growth in 2020–21.
Last update: March 24, 2020

Operational Outlook

Slovenia’s attitude towards foreign direct investment (FDI) is gradually improving, and the government actively seeks ways to improve the economy’s attractiveness and competitiveness. Trade unions have a strong position in Slovenia and there is a moderate risk of strikes. The infrastructure is of a good standard, benefiting from the EU development funds, and the workforce is well trained and educated.

Last update: February 12, 2020

Terrorism

Low

Slovenia is part of NATO and is a member of the Schengen zone, with the latter status prompting concerns over potential anonymous entry of terrorist groups into the country, particularly due to the high number of illegal migrants attempting to cross Slovenia's borders. However, the country retains a low international profile, mitigating the risk of terrorist attacks staged by the Islamist groups in the one-year outlook. In November 2019, the parliament banned paramilitary groups after the detection of militia groups patrolling borders and obstructing police work.

Last update: February 12, 2020

Crime

Slovenia's geographical position makes it a target for organised crime, particularly trafficking goods and people. Human trafficking and smuggling is the greatest criminal problem in Slovenia, with the country being used as a conduit for the trafficking of women from the former Soviet Union to the EU and the West. Criminal networks operating in the region are also involved in the smuggling of illegal migrants into the EU. Arms smuggling remains an issue because of Slovenia's geographical position: stockpiled weapons left over from the Balkan conflicts of the 1990s are smuggled from Southeastern Europe into Western Europe.

Last update: February 12, 2020

War Risks

The risk of interstate and civil war in Slovenia is very low. Slovenia maintains positive relations with its regional peers. Occasional border and energy disputes between Slovenia, Croatia, and Austria tend to be resolved through diplomatic channels and are highly unlikely to escalate into interstate military conflict. Slovenia's membership in the EU has further mitigated the risk.

Last update: February 7, 2020

Social Stability

Moderate

The risk of protests and riots is low in the one-year outlook. Demonstrations are likely to remain largely peaceful, mostly attracting under 1,000 people over environmental concerns or trade union demands in central Ljubljana. Protests are likely to be staged in border towns or at border crossings to demand for improved security in periods of heightened migrant arrivals, posing a risk of moderate cargo delays.

Last update: February 12, 2020

Health Risk

Elevated

Vaccinations required to enter the country

No vaccinations are required to enter the country.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Tick-Borne Encephalitis: For stays in rural zones and for hiking enthusiasts (for children over the age of one).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information

Climate

Slovenia has three district climates: alpine (in the north), continental (in the east), and Mediterranean (in the west and the south). Temperatures fluctuate widely throughout the year. In Ljubljana temperatures can fall below -15°C in the winter and rise above 35°C in the summer. Rainfall is the heaviest in October and the lightest in March.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +386
Police: 112 or 113
Fire Dept.: 112
Ambulance: 112

Electricity

Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: April 5, 2019