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Country Reports

Timor-Leste Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

Following the July 2017 parliamentary elections, Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri leads a minority coalition government composed of his Fretilin party and the Democratic Party, controlling 30 seats in the 65-seat parliament. However, opposition parties are likely to support the government in confidence and supply votes, which lowers the risk to government stability. Long-term stability is underpinned by oil and gas revenues from fields expected to run dry by the mid-2020s. The government's decision to seek a permanent maritime boundary settlement with Australia is likely to delay the development of new oil and gas fields.

Last update: March 27, 2018

Operational Outlook

East Timor's open attitude towards foreign investment is negated by a shortage of skills, governance problems, and inadequate infrastructure. The government regards infrastructure improvement as a high priority. Major road links from the capital Dili to Liquica and Gleno, as well as the north-south link between Manatuto and Natarbora underwent major repairs in 2015. However, power and telecommunications are expensive and unreliable. Labour costs are comparatively high, despite a surplus of unskilled labour and a young workforce.

Last update: March 27, 2018

Terrorism

Elevated

Terrorism risks in East Timor are low. The killing of leading political dissident Mauk Moruk in August 2015 reduced the risk of armed attacks by domestic groups. There are no known terrorist groups operating in the country. The borders with Indonesia have been the source of other security threats such as smuggling but not terrorism.

Last update: March 27, 2018

War Risks

Moderate

There is a low risk of war between East Timor and its neighbours, Indonesia and Australia. There has been no major security incident on the border between Indonesia and East Timor since the latter's independence, and a war between Indonesia and East Timor is highly unlikely. East Timor's ties with Australia are also generally good, despite disputes over maritime boundaries in the Timor Sea and disagreements over oil and gas revenue. These disagreements are discussed diplomatically, and there are no indications that they could lead to any form of military conflict.

Last update: March 27, 2018

Social Stability

Elevated

There is a moderate risk of gang-related fighting in cities such as Dili, Baucau, and Viqueque. The government banned martial arts gangs in September 2013, but it is unlikely that the problem will disappear entirely. Occasional protests against corruption, or regarding the Australia-East Timor maritime dispute, can lead to fighting with police, with protesters throwing rocks. There is a low risk of labour protests.

Last update: March 27, 2018

Health Risk

Severe

Vaccinations required to enter the country

Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required if traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever transmission and over one year of age.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).

Japanese Encephalitis: For stays of longer than one month in a rural zone during the rainy season (for children over the age of one). The vaccine is administered in a local medical facility.

Malaria: Recommended preventive medication - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam) or doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: November 28, 2013

Natural Risks

Severe

Timor-Leste is situated in an active seismic zone and as such is prone to earthquakes, such as the one along the coast on December 2016 (6,6 on Richter scale).

Last update: February 13, 2018

Transportation

Moderate

Finally, foreign visitors should take into account the fact that roads are poorly maintained and accidents occur frequently. It is therefore best to avoid driving at night.

Last update: February 13, 2018

Practical Information

Climate

Timor-Leste's climate is tropical with steady temperatures throughout the year and high levels of humidity. There are two seasons: the wet monsoon (November to March) and the dry monsoon (April to October).

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +670
Police: 723 06 86

Electricity

Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: January 30, 2014