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Togo Country Report

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Risk Level

Low
Moderate
Elevated
High
Very High
Severe
Extreme

Overview

Executive Summary

Although boycotted by the 14 parties of the main opposition coalition, National Alliance for Change (Alliance Nationale pour le Changement: ANC), legislative elections were held peacefully in December 2018. The ruling Union for the Republic (Union pour la République: UNIR) maintained a majority, winning 59 of 91 seats, three fewer than in the previous legislature. Two years of street protests by the ANC aimed at removing President Faure Gnassingbé and preventing his constitutional reforms, which initially mobilised thousands of people, have lost momentum, as has an ECOWAS-mediated dialogue between the government and opposition. Gnassingbé appears on course to push through his reforms and potentially to remain in power until 2030.On 4 March 2019, the president officially launched Togo's National Development Plan (2018–22), which he hopes will be 65% funded by the private sector. However, regular public-sector strikes, usually over pay, conditions, and the cost of living, increase risks to the operating environment, particularly in the transport and judicial sectors. Togo's real GDP growth is forecast to remain around 5.0% in 2019–20. The phosphate, clinker, and cotton sectors will remain key growth drivers. Togo's economic recovery is also likely to generate greater output in the cocoa and coffee sectors and a pick-up in services relating to regional trade. Togo's development programme is expected to help diversify the country's productive base. The government is keen to encourage private-sector growth across all sectors. It has affirmed its commitment to macroeconomic prudence, and its willingness to accept policy advice from multilateral development partners will be a key indicator of the implementation of this commitment. Continued donor assistance is expected to help strengthen the country's political and public-finance institutions.
Last update: March 26, 2019

Operational Outlook

Bureaucratic inertia, corruption, patronage, shortage of skilled workers and inadequate infrastructure pose challenges to the business environment. A decline in anti-government street protests since legislative elections in December 2018 reduces the likelihood of disruption to transport and cargo movements, although ongoing public-sector strikes over pay and conditions pose continued risks to business operations.

Last update: March 26, 2019

Terrorism

Elevated

Gulf of Guinea piracy risks are increasing. A tanker was hijacked 20 miles off Lomé port in March 2019 and three Romanian crew members abducted. This follows the hijacking of four tankers in Beninese waters in 2018 and January 2019. In May 2018, a lone pirate attempted to board a vessel 140 nautical miles south of Lomé but was thwarted by crew members. Security forces are often slow to respond to attacks. Jihadist groups in West Africa pose moderate risks of gun attacks on venues popular with expatriates in Lomé and in northern Togo.

Last update: June 21, 2019

War Risks

Civil war risks have receded after anti-government protests lost momentum in the aftermath of legislative elections which, although boycotted by the main opposition, went ahead peacefully in December 2018. Inter-state war risks are low as Togo enjoys good relations with its neighbours, with which it participates in border security operations against contraband and terrorism-related activities.

Last update: March 26, 2019

Social Stability

Very high

The opposition ANC coalition boycotted legislative elections in December 2018 and announced it was re-grouping as a "citizens' movement", but almost two years of anti-government street protests have since abated. Any further protests will probably be banned by the authorities, although the opposition is likely to try and mobilise its supporters ahead of presidential elections in 2020 to prevent President Faure Gnassingbé's re-election. Demonstrators are likely to be strongly dispersed by the security forces, using tear gas, rubber bullets, baton charges and possibly live ammunition.

Last update: March 26, 2019

Health Risk

Severe

Vaccinations required to enter the country

Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for all travelers over one year of age entering the country.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).

Meningococcal Meningitis: For prolonged stays, or in case your travels will put you in close contact with a local population affected by an epidemic of the disease (for children over the age of two years).

Malaria: Recommended preventive medication - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam) or doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Last update: April 5, 2019

Practical Information

Climate

The rainy season lasts from April to October in the south of the country and from April to June in the north. Between mid-September and mid-October there is a second, shorter rainy season. The rest of the year the weather is dry although days are often cloudy, particularly when the Harmattan, a desert wind, passes through the country. The central regions of Togo are cooler, especially around Mount Klouto.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +228
Police: 117
Fire Dept.: 118

Electricity

Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz

Outlets:

Last update: April 5, 2019