Zambia Country Report
Electricity shortages, aggravated by drought, continue to impact companies operating in Zambia. Industrial action, involving violent strikes and protests, resulting from demands for better pay and conditions in the public and private sectors is likely to continue, including in the key mining sector. Tax changes are generating increased protest risks, encouraging protest marches by small-business owners over increasing tax compliance enforcement – notably the new sales tax – and by mineworkers over job losses in the sector. New cost-reflective energy tariffs are likely to be implemented following the completion of a cost-of-service study.
No insurgent groups are active against the government. In the past several rebel groups from neighbouring countries, such as from former conflicts in Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo, were known to have crossed into Zambian territory. In Zambia's Western province, secessionist sentiment poses a risk of sporadic civil unrest, including in the form of protests, riots, and violent confrontations with the security forces.
Violent crime, human trafficking, and minerals theft remain the main security risk. There is also a growing concern over drugs and human trafficking, as well as poaching. The theft of minerals such as copper and emeralds is commonplace. Amid a regional drought, there have been increasing reports of maize smuggling, including to neighbours such as the Democratic Republic of Congo. Surplus weapons from former conflict zones add to the availability of illegal arms in the region.
Interstate war between Zambia and its neighbours is unlikely. There has been sporadic friction with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), including over detentions of Zambian fishermen by Congolese forces around Lake Mweru. Despite recurring insecurity in neighbouring DRC which has caused refugee inflows into Zambia, the likelihood of an interstate war involving Zambia remains low. Insecurity and protests, such as by road cargo operators, including over alleged bribe-taking and incidents of harassment, have led to temporary blockades and closures at Kasumbalesa border post. In January 2018, the Sakania and Kasumbalesa border points in the Copperbelt province were closed for some days to allow DRC’s long-delayed elections to be held.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers over nine months of age arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and for travelers who have been in transit for >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Yellow Fever: A vaccine is available for children over the age of one year.
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).
Malaria: Recommended preventive medication - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam), doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin), or proguanil and atovaquone (sometimes marketed as Mepron).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Zambia has a tropical climate and three seasons: from May until August temperatures are temperate (10°C to 25°C) and dry; from September to November conditions are hot (20°C to 30°C) and dry; from December to April, conditions are hot (25°C to 32°) and rainy.
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz