Zambia Country Report
Electricity shortages, aggravated by drought and rainfall patterns, continue to exacerbate operational challenges for companies operating in Zambia. Industrial action from violent strikes and protests resulting from demands for better pay and conditions affecting the public and private sectors are likely to continue, including in the key mining sector. New cost-reflective energy tariffs to draw investment into the energy sector are likely to be implemented in 2019 following the completion of a cost of service study in June 2018.
No insurgent groups are active against the government. In the past several rebel groups from neighbouring countries, such as from former conflicts in Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo, were known to have crossed into Zambian territory. In Zambia's Western province, secessionist sentiment poses a risk of sporadic civil unrest, including in the form of protests, riots, and violent confrontations with the security forces.
Interstate war between Zambia and its neighbours is unlikely. There has been sporadic friction with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), including over detentions of Zambian fishermen by Congolese forces around Lake Mweru. The Zambian government has launched a marine unit for Luapula province, aimed at protecting territorial waters and tackling issues such as illegal border crossings. Insecurity and protests, such as by road cargo operators, including over alleged bribe-taking in the DRC and incidents of harassment, have led to temporary blockades and closures at Kasumbalesa border post, but military intervention is unlikely.
Political violence with ethnic undertones, resulting in localised fighting between rival party supporters and confrontations with police, is an occasional problem, usually in the run-up to and immediate aftermath of elections. Friction between the government and main opposition since the 2016 elections continued into 2018, raising protest risks, including amid the April 2017 arrest of the UPND's leader and his November 2018 questioning by police for allegedly inciting anti-Chinese protests. Lusaka, the Copperbelt, and Southern province remain the hotspots for election-related unrest.
Vaccinations required to enter the country
Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers over nine months of age arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and for travelers who have been in transit for >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.
Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.
Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.
Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).
Yellow Fever: A vaccine is available for children over the age of one year.
Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).
Rabies: For prolonged stays in an isolated region (for children from when they can walk).
Malaria: Recommended preventive medication - mefloquine (sometimes marketed as Lariam), doxycycline (sometimes marketed as Vibramycin), or proguanil and atovaquone (sometimes marketed as Mepron).
For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.
Zambia has a tropical climate and three seasons: from May until August temperatures are temperate (10°C to 25°C) and dry; from September to November conditions are hot (20°C to 30°C) and dry; from December to April, conditions are hot (25°C to 32°) and rainy.
Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz