News Alerts

03 Oct 2018 | 12:06 PM UTC

CAR: Hepatitis E outbreak in the north

Central African Republic News Alert

At least 30 cases of Hepatitis E cases reported in northern CAR as of October 3

TIMEFRAME expected from 10/3/2018, 12:00 AM until 10/10/2018, 11:59 PM (Africa/Bangui). COUNTRY/REGION Bocaranga

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Event

According to health authorities, a hepatitis E outbreak is currently ongoing in the north of the country, particularly in the health district of Bocaranga. At least 31 cases, including 29 confirmed cases and one fatality, have been recorded. Appropriate sanitation measures have been put in place to contain the outbreak. The number of hepatitis E cases is nonetheless likely to rise in the coming days as the access to the area is rendered difficult due to the presence of various armed groups.

Context

Hepatitis E is primarily transmitted via contaminated water. Although the infection generally goes away on its own within two to six weeks, it can worsen and develop into fulminant hepatitis (especially among pregnant women), which can be fatal. Symptoms of the disease include fever, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, itching, rash, or joint pain. In some cases, jaundice or hypertrophy of the liver may occur.

Advice

Individuals in the affected area are advised to follow personal hygiene practices, such as regular hand-washing with purified water, and maintain adequate supplies of safe drinking water. Avoid drinking water and/or ice of unknown purity (tap water).

 

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