Health officials in Haiti have reported 3111 cases of cholera, including 37 fatal cases, in a nationwide outbreak as of September. Reports indicate that the number of new cases reported per week has decreased to approximately 35. Further spread of the disease is possible in the near-term.
Cholera is typically spread via infected water supplies and induces acute diarrhea leading to severe dehydration, frequently resulting in death. The risk of death is greatest among people with compromised immune systems, such as malnourished children or those living with HIV. However, even among healthy adults, cholera can be fatal within a matter of hours.
To reduce the risk of contracting cholera, wash hands regularly, drink only bottled or purified water, and avoid eating raw or undercooked foods. Individuals who believe they may have contracted cholera should seek immediate medical attention.