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28 Oct 2018 | 07:47 AM UTC

Madagascar: Measles outbreak in Antananarivo October 20

Madagascar News Alert

Ministry of Public Health suspects as many as 140 measles cases in Antananarivo as of October 20; ensure vaccinations are current

TIMEFRAME expected from 10/25/2018, 12:00 AM until 11/1/2018, 11:59 PM (Indian/Antananarivo). COUNTRY/REGION Antananarivo

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Event

As of Saturday, October 20, the Ministry of Public Health reported 140 confirmed or suspected cases of measles in the greater Antananarivo area, including 70 new cases within the previous three weeks. The government indicated several confirmed cases were found in the Andohatapenaka and Ankasina neighborhoods of the capital, where vaccination rates have declined to around 80 percent in recent years.

Context

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease that typically affects mostly children. It is transmitted via droplets from the nose, mouth, or throat of infected persons. Symptoms of measles are usually a high fever, which begins approximately ten to 12 days after exposure to the virus and lasts four to seven days. A runny nose, a cough, red and watery eyes, and small white spots inside the cheeks can develop in the initial stage. After several days, a rash erupts, usually on the face and upper neck. Over the course of about three days, the rash spreads, eventually reaching the hands and feet. The rash lasts for five to six days and then fades. On average, the rash occurs 14 days after exposure to the virus (within a range of seven to 18 days). A vaccine is available.

Advice

Individuals in Madagascar, particularly in Antananarivo, are advised to ensure their measles vaccination is up to date (including booster shots) and to contact their doctor with any questions or concerns. Anyone experiencing the above symptoms is urged to seek immediate medical attention.

 

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