News Alerts

06 Nov 2018 | 11:55 AM UTC

Paraguay: Risk of mosquito-borne diseases

Paraguay News Alert

Relatively low rates of dengue fever, chikungunya, and the Zika virus; continue to take precautions against mosquitoes

TIMEFRAME expected from 11/6/2018, 12:00 AM until 11/20/2018, 11:59 PM (America/Asuncion). COUNTRY/REGION Paraguay

Event

According to recent figures released by the Paraguayan government, transmission rates of mosquito-borne diseases are at relatively low levels as of late 2018. Between January and mid-October, 3413 cases of dengue fever (15 deaths), 67 cases of chikungunya, and four cases of the Zika virus were reported nationwide. To compare, more than 150,000 cases of dengue fever, including 252 associated fatalities, were reported in the country during an epidemic that struck in 2013.

All three diseases are transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito.

Context

Symptoms of dengue fever include fever, headache, muscle and joint pain, fatigue, nausea, and rashes. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a potentially deadly complication that is characterized by high fever, the enlargement of the liver, and hemorrhaging.

Symptoms of chikungunya are similar; the virus is infrequently fatal but potentially debilitating joint pain can last for weeks, even months, after the initial recovery.

Symptoms of Zika - fever, headache (behind the eyes), conjunctivitis, rash, vomiting, and muscle and joint pain - can appear two to seven days following contraction of the disease, although the virus is asymptomatic in approximately 80 percent of cases. Transmission of the virus is also possible via sexual intercourse. Although the Zika virus is usually relatively benign, links between it and severe birth defects as well as the potentially fatal neurological disorder Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) have been established.

Advice

Individuals present in Paraguay are advised to take measures to protect themselves from mosquito bites (e.g. by wearing covering clothing, using insect repellent, and sleeping in screened-in or air conditioned rooms) and to eliminate possible mosquito breeding grounds (small pockets of fresh water, such as rain water that has collected in cans, bottles, tires, flower pots, clogged gutters, etc.).

 

Copyright and Disclaimer
GardaWorld is the owner or licensee of all intellectual property rights in the material presented on this website. All such rights are reserved. The use of this website and its material is subject to the Terms of Use and accordingly you must not use any content from this website for commercial or other analogous purposes without our consent, including but not limited to any deep-linking or framing in order to copy, distribute, display or monitor any portion of the website. If you have any questions or are interested in distributing any content from this website, Contact us for more details.

Related news