Authorities are planning to increase the security presence in Cali (Valle del Cauca department) ahead of the December holiday season and the 2018 Cali Fair, slated for December 25-30. Approximately 320 officers will be deployed to augment security in the city to reduce criminal incidents, including homicides, during this period of increased commercial activity.
The number of homicides in Cali hit a 25-year low in October 2018, according to city officials.
Paramilitary criminal organizations (BACRIM) have replaced leftist guerrillas as the most severe armed threat in Colombia. These groups have moved into territory left by the demobilized FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia) guerrilla group, leading to violent turf wars as well as assassinations of local landowners and community leaders.
Individuals in or planning travel to Cali are advised to keep abreast of the situation, report suspicious objects and behavior to police, and adhere to any instructions issued by the local authorities and their home governments.
Due to the presence of a number of armed groups - including drug cartels, right-wing militias, local gangs, and the ELN guerrilla group in addition to ex-FARC dissidents - Western governments generally advise against travel to various regions of the country, most notably most border areas on the frontiers with Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Venezuela, and Panama.
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