As of Thursday, December 20, security forces (army and police) are conducting new rounds of "clearance operations" in Rakhine state following attacks in the Maungdaw township on December 17, in which two people were killed. According to the authorities, one of the two attacks was carried out by radicalized Rohingya insurgents. Both incidents took place in this area where regular forces had conducted a violent counter-insurgency operation in the fall 2017 aimed at pushing away Rohingya militants involved in attacks against the police and army.
Over 700,000 Rohingya fled to nearby Bangladesh after Myanmar launched clearance operations in August 2017. The international community has since then urged the Burmese authorities to take necessary measures to reintegrate, under appropriate conditions, these refugees living in precarious conditions.
Due to continued tension following the 2012 civil unrest, along with persisting risk of armed conflict, authorities advise against all but essential travel to Rakhine State, except for the southern townships of Kyaukpyu, Ramree, Munaung, Toungup, Thandwe (including the tourist resort of Ngapali) and Gwa.
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