The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) in Hong Kong has confirmed 55 cases of measles in 2019 as of Saturday, April 6. According to health officials, 25 of the cases have involved airport or airline personnel. Hong Kong’s Department of Health has implemented control measures at Hong Kong International Airport (HKG) including vaccination and blood testing services as a precaution. According to media reports, there are concerns that the city will face a shortage of vaccines during the upcoming Easter travel season in April after a shipment failed to arrive earlier in the month.
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease that typically affects mostly children. It is transmitted via droplets from the nose, mouth, or throat of infected persons. Symptoms of measles are usually a high fever, which begins approximately ten to 12 days after exposure to the virus and lasts four to seven days. A runny nose, a cough, red and watery eyes, and small white spots inside the cheeks can develop in the initial stage. After several days, a rash erupts, usually on the face and upper neck. Over the course of about three days, the rash spreads, eventually reaching the hands and feet. The rash lasts for five to six days and then fades. On average, the rash occurs 14 days after exposure to the virus (within a range of seven to 18 days). A vaccine is available.
Individuals in Hong Kong or planning to travel to the city are advised to ensure their measles vaccination is up to date (including booster shots) and to contact their doctor with any questions or concerns. Anyone experiencing the above symptoms is urged to seek immediate medical attention.
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