As of mid-June, at least 81 confirmed cases of yellow fever, and 14 related deaths, have been reported across Brazil since January 1. The most recent death occurred in Santa Catarina. Cases are registered and/or being investigated in São Paulo and Distrito Federal, as well as in the states of Paraná, Santa Catarina, Pará, Rondônia, Bahia, Ceará, Sergipe, , Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, and Rio Grande do Sul.
The Department of Health has begun an initiative to immunize 100 percent of the population between nine months and 59 years of age.
Symptoms of yellow fever - a mosquito-borne disease - generally appear within three to six days following infection and include fever, chills, muscle and back pain, vomiting, headaches, and, in more serious cases, hemorrhaging and organ failure. The vaccine provides lifelong immunity and should be administered at least ten days prior to travel to an affected area to be fully effective.
Individuals in or planning travel to the affected areas are advised to stay abreast of local epidemiological developments, consult their doctor regarding vaccination options, and continue to protect themselves against insects due to the presence of mosquito-borne diseases (e.g. by wearing covering clothing, using insect repellent, and sleeping with mosquito screens or nets and/or in air-conditioned rooms).
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