Clashes were reported between Indian and Pakistani soldiers along the Line of Control (LoC) in the Poonch district of Jammu and Kashmir State on Sunday, September 29. Indian military sources claim that the Pakistani forces violated a ceasefire agreement by firing unprovoked small arms and mortars around 15:15 (local time), wounding six civilians; Pakistani military sources claimed that unprovoked Indian mortar attack killed two civilians and injured three others.
Sustained geopolitical tensions and heightened security measures are expected in the area. Further exchanges of fire are possible in the coming days.
There has been a notable uptick in skirmishes between Indian and Pakistani troops along the International Border (IB) and the LoC since 2016. Apart from military casualties, these incidents claimed civilian lives on both sides and prompted residents to flee border areas. Both New Delhi and Islamabad accuse each other of unprovoked firing of weapons and other violations of ceasefire agreements.
Kashmir, the Himalayan region divided between India and Pakistan, is claimed by both countries in full. Since their independence from Britain in 1947, India and Pakistan have fought three wars, two exclusively over Kashmir. The total death toll from the conflict is estimated to be over 47,000.
Some foreign governments advise against travel to parts of Jammu and Kashmir state, in particular the Indian-Pakistani border region, due to the high threat of terrorism and other violence.
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