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14 Apr 2020 | 10:44 AM UTC

Bulgaria: Face masks required in public spaces April 12 /update 4

Bulgaria News Alert

Government introduces mandatory face mask measure for public spaces starting April 12; follow government directives

TIMEFRAME expected from 4/14/2020, 12:00 AM until 5/13/2020, 11:59 PM (Europe/Sofia). COUNTRY/REGION Bulgaria

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On Sunday, April 12, Health Minister Kiril Ananiev announced that wearing a mask or "other covering [for] the nose and mouth" in public spaces, including indoor and outdoor gatherings, will be mandatory until Sunday, April 26, in an effort to contain the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in the country. Authorities also stated that violators will face fines if the requirement is not followed.

The government has also extended its current state of emergency through Wednesday, May 13. On Friday, March 20, Bulgaria closed its borders to all non-EU citizens, as well as individuals from Italy, Spain, France, United Kingdom and Northern Ireland , Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Belgium, Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Luxembourg. Citizens of the abovementioned countries will be allowed to transit through Bulgaria in order to return to their country of residence. Bulgarian nationals, family members of Bulgarian citizens, and individuals with permanent and long term residence status in Bulgaria are exempt from the restrictions. The travel ban does not apply to nationals of EU Member States and Schengen countries not mentioned above.

Schools and universities nationwide remain closed and visits to nonessential businesses such as gyms, cinemas, bars, restaurants, and shops are prohibited.

To date, there are 695 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Bulgaria, including 35 associated fatalities. Further international spread of the virus is expected over the coming days and weeks.


The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.

Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.

Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and labored breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.


Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.

To reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:

  • Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
  • When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
  • If experiencing a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, seek medical care urgently and share your previous travel history with your health care provider.


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