Bahraini authorities announced on Tuesday, April 21, that the current quarantine restrictions in place nationwide will be extended for a further two weeks until Thursday, May 7, amid the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Most traditional Ramadan activities and gatherings have also been banned in order to stem the spread of the disease.
Gatherings of over 20 people are prohibited and restaurants are now required to offer takeout and delivery services exclusively. Businesses, including gyms and cinemas, are also closed, though retail and grocery stores remain open given that social distancing recommendations are implemented. The government has also advised nationals and residents to avoid all but essential travel as the government has suspended visas on-arrival across the Kingdom's entry points until further notice. Travelers must obtain a visa in advance, either online of from an embassy. Furthermore, face masks are required in public spaces and those who fail to comply with the measure will be sanctioned.
As of Tuesday, April 21, there are 1907 confirmed COVID-19 cases in Bahrain, including seven deaths. Further international spread of the virus is expected over the near term.
The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.
Cases of the virus have been confirmed in more than 30 countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) labelled the outbreak as pandemic.
Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and labored breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.
Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.
To reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:
- Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the virus.
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