An ongoing state of emergency was extended on Monday, April 20, initially declared on Thursday, March 19, amid the ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. The state of emergency will remain in place until Tuesday, May 19. All schools, factories, seaports, and airports will remain closed, though land borders are open for essential cargo exclusively. Commercial flights are also suspended, and a nationwide curfew between the hours of 20:00 and 05:00 (local time) remains in effect.
According to reports on Saturday, April 11, authorities announced the closure of roadway access into the South Department for a period of 15 days, effective from Friday, April 10, through Saturday, April, 25 to prevent the further spread of COVID-19 in the region. The enhanced measures were implemented as the department is one of the few regions of the country that has yet to record its first case of the disease, as reported by the Ministry of Health. The National Police of Haiti (PNH) has assured authorities within the department that they will assist with the enforcement of the 15-day restriction.
Haitian regulatory authorities announced on Monday, April 6, that intermunicipal public transport between Les Cayes (Arrondissement des Cayes) and Port-au-Prince (Arrondissement de Port-au-Prince) will be suspended at midnight until further notice. The decision to suspend the service along National Road 2 between the two cities was agreed by the Association of Owners and Drivers of Haiti (APCH) and the mayor's office of Les Cayes. According to authorities, any violation of the suspension will be penalized. Consequent disruptions to movement are to be expected between the two cities over the coming days and weeks.
As of Wednesday, April 22, there are 58 confirmed COVID-19 cases in Haiti, including four deaths. Further international spread of the virus is expected in the coming days and weeks.
The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.
Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.
Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.
Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.
To reduce the risk of transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:
- Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.
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