Indian authorities announced on Sunday, May 17, a fourth extension to the ongoing nationwide lockdown, which will remain in place until Sunday, May 31, due to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Most of the ongoing restrictions will remain in place and no relaxation of measures will be implemented in "containment zones," where the risk of infection remains high. International and domestic flights will remain suspended for the duration of the extension. However, in most parts of the country, restaurants have been allowed to reopen for takeaway only and sports events have been permitted to resume without spectators. Inter-state private cars and bus journeys have also been permitted. Further easing of restrictions will reportedly be left to state authorities.
Passenger rail services in India have been allowed to make a phased return to operations as of Tuesday, May 12. All public transport by road, rail, and air has been suspended across the country since lockdown measures were introduced on March 25. Initially, only 15 pairs of trains will be allowed to run between New Delhi and other major cities. Social distancing measures remain in place on the trains and all passengers are required to wear a face covering. More routes will be added over the coming weeks.
Authorities stated that there would be certain relaxations of measures to allow for economic activity as of Monday, May 4, in districts marked as orange and green zones in the government's plan to contain COVID-19. Some shops in residential areas have been permitted to reopen as long as they only operate at a maximum of 50 percent of the workforce and maintain social distancing measures. Industries such as information technology, agriculture, construction, and other rural sectors have also been allow to resume operations.
As of May 17, authorities have confirmed 95,664 cases of COVID-19 in the country and 3025 associated deaths. Further international spread of the virus is to be expected over the near term.
The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.
Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantine measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.
Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.
Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.
To reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:
- Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.
Copyright and Disclaimer