On Thursday, May 21, Indonesian authorities revoked a regulation stipulating that all arrivals to the country would require a health certificate from their country of origin certifying a negative coronavirus disease (COVID-19) result, instead requiring a negative test result from a rapid test, available at Indonesian ports of entry. This announcement comes after the government declared that the entry of foreign workers was suspended from Monday, May 11, following the rejection of 500 Chinese workers from Southwest Sulawesi in early May.
Social distancing restrictions (PSBB) in Jakarta will remain in place through Thursday, June 4. Under PSBB regulations, all workplaces are closed, aside from those linked to eight essential sectors including health, food, energy, and finance. Nonessential workers have been advised to work from home. All educational institutions are closed, except for training and research related to health services. Religious activities must be conducted at home with only immediate family members, instead of at places of worship. Nonessential businesses such as bars, spas, and cinemas remain closed, and public transportation limited. Gatherings of more than five people are also prohibited. Social and cultural events, including weddings, have been banned. Police patrols will also be increased to ensure compliance with the restrictions. Several of Jakarta's satellite municipalities, regencies, and other population centers including Bekasi, Bogor, Depok, Pekanbaru, and Tangerang had also implemented PSBB measures; however, it is unclear if these will also be extended.
On Thursday, May 7, authorities authorized buses, planes, ships, and trains to resume domestic passenger transportation for certain individuals following the easing of COVID-19 measures. Individuals with essential reasons to travel, including seeking medical assistance or visiting dying relatives, will be permitted to travel domestically. Civil servants, army personnel, police officers, employees of state-owned enterprises, business people, and staff of non-governmental organizations related to COVID-19 management will also be permitted to travel. Repatriation of migrant workers, students, and Indonesian citizens from abroad will also be enabled.
A ban on the Idul Fitri mudik, where large numbers of laborers return to their home villages before major holidays, such as Lebaran (Eid al-Fitr), has been in effect for COVID-19 red zones, including Greater Jakarta, since Friday, April 24. Authorities have confirmed the ban will remain in place despite the easing of travel restrictions. Penalties for violators of the mudik ban will be enforced from Thursday, May 7. Under the ban, travel into and out of areas affected by COVID-19 will be prohibited. Public transportation across Greater Jakarta will continue to operate for workers in essential services.
East Java authorities announced that the partial-lockdown in Surabaya and the neighboring regencies of Sidoarjo and Gresik will be extended until Monday, May 25, due to an increase in new cases of COVID-19.
Other previously announced measures remain in place, including the prohibition of all entry and transit by foreign nationals into or through Indonesia; wearing face masks in public is also mandatory. However, foreigners with a limited stay permit card (Kitas), permanent stay permit card (Kitap), or other similar permits will still be allowed to enter the country.
As of Saturday, May 23, there are 20,796 COVID-19 cases across Indonesia, including 1326 associated deaths. Further international spread of the virus is expected over the near term.
The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.
Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.
Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.
Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.
To reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:
- Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.
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