The Myanmar government has extended measures associated with the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic until June 30, with movement restrictions in the townships of Mayangone and Insein, in Yangon, to remain in place. All residents of these areas must remain at home, unless required to leave for work, while cars circulating in the townships are restricted to two occupants and must belong to residents. A Yangon-wide curfew between 00:00 and 04:00 (local time) is in effect. Face masks are compulsory in public and gatherings of more than five people remain banned. International flight restrictions, previously expected to be eased on June 15, have also been extended to June 30.
Some restrictions have been eased, however, with the operation of factories, workshops, and workplaces being facilitated. Bars and restaurants are reopening, with social distancing measures in place. Government, private, and monastic schools have reopened, and seminars, meetings, and trainings at government institutions is permitted. Government staff have been ordered to return to work.
As of June 14, there have been 261 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Myanmar, with six associated fatalities. Further international spread of the virus is expected in the near term.
The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.
Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.
Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.
Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.
To reduce the risk of transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:
- Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.
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