Guatemala's health authorities announced on Sunday, July 5, that the number of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases reached 22,501, with 920 associated deaths. The ministry of health announced on Thursday, July 2, that over 1000 new COVID-19 cases had been confirmed in 24 hours.
The current nationwide curfew has been extended through July 12. All movement will continue to be restricted nightly between 18:00 and 05:00 (local time) from Monday to Saturday; essential personnel, including police, private security, medical professionals, and food-delivery drivers, will be exempt. A complete lockdown will be imposed on Sundays.
Individuals are still required to comply with social distancing rules, requiring people to stay at least 1.5 m (5 ft) apart and utilize face masks in all public spaces; breaking these regulations may result in heavy fines. Guatemalan authorities further stated that all international and domestic flights will remain suspended indefinitely, with the exception of certain humanitarian, medical, or official flights, which need prior authorization from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Further spread of the virus expected in the near term.
The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.
Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a pandemic.
Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and labored breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.
Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.
To reduce the risk of transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:
- Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.
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