Authorities in Panama implemented stricter lockdown rules on Thursday, July 16, as coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases continue to increase in the country. In Panama and Panama Oeste provinces, a weekend curfew is in place between 19:00 on Fridays and 05:00 on Mondays (local time). Additionally, unless individuals fall under one of the quarantine exemptions, women are permitted to leave their residence on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, while men are permitted to leave their residence on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays. On those days, residents are permitted to leave the house for one hour to shop for food or medication, according to the last digit of their passport. Details are as follows:
- 0 - 10:00 - 11:00
- 1 - 13:00 - 14:00
- 2 - 14:00 - 15:00
- 3 - 15:00 - 16:00
- 4 - 16:00 - 17:00
- 5 - 17:00 - 18:00
- 6 - 18:00 - 19:00
- 7 - 07:00 - 08:00
- 8 - 08:00 - 09:00
- 9 - 09:00 - 10:00
Despite the increased measures in Panama and Panama Oeste, authorities are continuing with phase two of the reopening of the economy across the rest of the country. From Monday, July 20, private sector employees are to arrive at work by 08:00, and public sector employees by 09:00. The 19:00 to 05:00 curfew will remain in place, with accompanied children allowed outside between 16:00 and 19:00. Places of worship, parks, and sporting facilities are limited to 25-percent capacity, and large gatherings, contact sports, and beach activities remain banned.
Foreign nationals and non-residents are banned from entering Panama. However, international commercial flights expected to resume on Wednesday, July 22. Arrivals are subject to a 14-day mandatory quarantine period.
As of Friday, July 17, authorities have confirmed 50,373 cases of COVID-19 and 1000 associated deaths in Panama. Further international spread of the virus is to be expected over the near term.
The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.
Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.
Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.
Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.
To reduce the risk of transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:
- Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.
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